Indonesian Immigration Case Study

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THE ISSUE OF LABOUR MIGRATION IN INDONESIA

Introduction
Indonesia is the largest island-country in the world, which made up more than 17,000 islands. There are about 260 million people live in Indonesia. As the largest island-country, Indonesia has many tribes, cultures, local languages, and religions. The one that unites these diversities is the principal and foundation of the country, known as the Pancasila (Five Principles). Thus, this makes Indonesia’s motto as “unity is diversity”. It means that the differences among the people are appreciated and also the people are aware that the differences are not the blocks to live together as one country.
This day, one of the main issues in Indonesia is about labor migration. As we know, migrant
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First, the Law No. 39 of 2004 regarding the Protection and Placement of Indonesian Migrant Workers Abroad. As was quoted from the law, an Indonesian worker, or commonly known as TKI (Tenaga Kerja Indonesia), is “any Indonesian citizen who is qualified to work abroad in an employment relationship for a specific time with pay”.
Furthermore, it also stated that “in carrying out the placement of an Indonesian worker overseas, there must have a written agreement between the Indonesian government and the government of the state using an Indonesian overseas worker in the destination country. By implementing private placement, an Indonesian overseas worker must obtain written permission in SIPPTKI (practice license for Indonesian overseas workers ' placement) from the authorized Minister”.
Regarding to their works, there is also a protection which is guaranteed by Indonesian government. It is stated in the law that “[T]he government is responsible to protect an Indonesian overseas worker. It means that the government must guarantee the security and certainty of legal protection for an Indonesian overseas worker located
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First, the illegality of the Indonesian workers. Most of the workers come from the remote places in Indonesia. The recruiting agency came to their village and promised them for a better future by working abroad. Interested by this promise (such as high salary), they are willing and deciding to work abroad. Unfortunately, the agency deceives them. They are given the false information about the jobs. Their official documents (such as ID card, passport, family permission) are also falsified by the agency. We can see that they go abroad as an illegal worker. They are vulnerable workers. As soon as they realize that their documents are falsified, they lose their rights, like the right of getting health care or security from the
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