Leaders must be able to adapt to change, depending on the culture, as the environment shifts and develops. Leaders are also involved in managing the culture by establishing an explicit strategic direction, communicating that direction, and defining the organizational vision and values. In other words, additional skills are needed in today’s leaders so that they will be able to manage the organizational culture. This line of research, however, has not Leadership theory 273 identified a model for different styles of leadership given different cultural factors. Other leadership theories emerged out of this work, including the vertical dyad linkage theory, also known as the leader-member exchange theory (Graen, 1976).This theory explains the nature of the relationship between leaders and followers and how this relationship impacts the leadership process.
Leadership Theories The leadership can be defined as the ability of a superior to have influence on behavior and action of subordinates and motivate them to follow the specific course of action (Barnard, 1938). The effective leadership is the key element in the success and life of an organization. It is the quality of an effective leadership to transform potentials into reality. One of the most distinguishing qualities of the effective leadership is to adopt new ways of performing a specific job when old system loses its effectiveness. The literature on leadership is enormous and there are number of model and theory of leadership but none of them offers satisfactory explanation of leadership.
The transactional leadership emphasizes the transaction or exchange which among leaders, followers and subordinates what is required conditions and rewards to fulfill the requirements. The transformational leadership raise the moral maturity whom they lead, and convert their follower into leaders, motivate their associated, followers, subordinates, colleagues, clients to go beyond their individual self-interest for the good of the organization. There are two lines to define on leadership styles and situational contingencies styles which focused the difference between task-oriented and people-oriented leaders. Based on quantitative and qualitative leadership studies, we can found different theories such as trait theory, contingency theory, Charisma, leader-member exchange (LMX) theory which fits best for which different situation, and which style seem to be more effective such as Bass’ transformational leadership
It encourage and motivate employees to enhance their skill and knowledge. Also, the theory has advanced from the components of leadership, for example, qualities, situational and value-based authority (Varol, A., & Varol, S, 2012.p.2). Transformational leader take closer look at the work of their follower and rectify their mistake with their support. Unlike transactional leader who punish their employee for mistake. Transformational leadership not only take care of individual growth but it also concern with the development of group work.
1. INTRODUCTION Scholars agree that there are many definition of leadership and have developed over the years and are well documented in literature (Viljoen, 2015, Heitz & Laurie, 2001,(DuBrrin, 2016,Achua & Lucia, 2013). In organisations leadership is important to achieve organisational goals and objective. There are many leadership styles which can contribute to the success or failure of organisations. Organisations have different cultures.
Leadership is one of the most prolific research areas within the field of organizational behavior, as leadership has important Implications for individual, team and organizational performance. The interest in exploring the team level influences of leadership Behaviors increased steadily in the last two decades (DeChurch, Hiller, Murase, Doty, & Salas, 2010) According to the great man theory leaders are born with a set of specific skills and traits that makes an individual destined for a leadership position. Also known as a trait perspective to leadership indicates that certain individuals have special innate or inborn characteristics or qualities that differentiate them from non-leaders (Northhouse, 2013) Project leadership requires personal,
What is Leadership? The activity of leading a group of people or an organization or the ability to achieve an organization objective. Leadership is about highlighting the strength and addressing weaknesses. It is also about being part of the plan not only making the plan. Giving people the tools to succeed is not enough but they should be able to left each other’s up and looking toward a common mission.
It is therefore critical for scholars and practitioner’s to understand and explain how leaders succeed and fail (Nohria and Khurana, 2010). Little emphasis, is placed on leadership development effectiveness from the process and outcome effect and the key contributing factors. (add lines). Amagoh (2009) suggests that organizations should have a long‐term focus towards realizing the benefits from investments in leadership development programs. Clearly, more attention is needed to understand what makes leadership development effective.
In the process of continuous learning one should be capable enough to learn from one’s action. Paying undeviating commitment and consideration to the practical theories and values that form our daily actions, one can develop his or her transcendental qualities to attain leadership. Leadership can be defined as the capacity and understanding of an individual to motivate, influence and enable others to contribute toward the effectiveness and success of an organization or group of which they are members. I belief working for an organization or individual is more essential than working for a cause with an individual or organization. Working for a higher purpose is necessary than merely working for a boss.
Good Attitude First, we all know or have seen people that we consider to be great motivators. Leaders should know how to motivate others. Thus, motivation of others is to help a leader to be success. Therefore, leadership is not having a good performance, but in accomplishment leading towards in a society. In order to achieve a successful leadership, a leader should possess certain essential skills.