And therefore research is divided into experimental and non-experimental research. Within the non-experimental research, there is historical, descriptive and correlational research, whereas the experimental research is divided into quasi experimental and true experimental research. The introductory chapter further explained the historical research as a research that comprise of events that happened in the
Further, Mr. Jillson lacks the knowledge, experience and training to testify regarding damages. Mr. Jillson is not a contractor and therefore cannot testify regarding damages under Minn. R. Evid. 702. For the foregoing reasons, the Court must exclude any and all testimony from Mr.
This study relied on the questionnaire as another key method of data collection, because it identifies and captures questions about a subject. For this particular study, the survey consisted of both closed ended and open-ended questions. Unlike the IDIs where the researcher wanted have insights , in the survey , there were more closed ended questions to ensure only the needed information was provided. Open-ended questions served as a way of clarifying points and perceptions that were not clear enough in other studies or for the researcher. Overall, the survey questions served as a guide and to give the researcher information that will
Besides this, the quantitative approach was used during this research. This study was based on the true reality and objectivity. Apart from the researcher’s perceptions, it involved the reality which exists within the nature. It was a cross sectional study with a quantitative method. 5.2 Sampling Plan According to this research design, there was a need to design a sampling plan first.
Lastly, this chapter aims to provide an explanation of why other theories are not used. As mentioned above, the methodology used to conduct the research is mentioned first. With a qualitative approach a more in depth knowledge can be obtained. Qualitative
By definition a case study is a form of qualitative descriptive research that is used to look at individuals, a small group of participants, or a group as a whole. Researchers can collect data from participants in the study and using participant direct observations, interviews, protocols, tests, examinations of records, and collections of writing samples (CSU). A different take on case studies is that a case study should be defined as a research strategy, and is used to conclude investigation on a problem within the real world. Case study research can have single and multiple case studies and can include quantitative evidence, which primarily uses exploratory research and is used to gain an understanding, which relies on multiple sources of evidence and prior knowledge of the subject (Wyse). Case studies may be prospective, and cases fitting the investigation are included, as they become known to the report.
The two main paradigms that are used for describing these are using the objective, scientific-based positivist approach and the subjective, phenomological-based interpretivist approach. Since the positivist approach is grounded on a foundation of empirical testing, it looks largely at hypotheses and determines cause and effect relationships based on largely deductive logic as well as the validity and reliability of the research studies conducted. The interpretivist paradigm uses multiple perspectives of reality since this is based on a contextual interpretation of the issues being examined, where reality is a fluid construct and depends on who is being observed under a particular set of
Researchers using grounded theory technique must develop the required theoretical sensitivity to find out “substantive, grounded categories” (Glaser, 1978). This is an essential requirement in the course of going beyond description to conceptual theory (Guthrie 2000). Grounded theory enables to analyse relationships and attitude within a phenomenon from an impartial comprehensive viewpoint. Thus, when a researcher starts a study with no structure or theory, they are desired to fit the data into the way which are open to determining justification that have to be expressed. More significantly, the explanations finally come from the participants being studied.
Constructivists even believe that an objective approach can be used to understand the subjective actions, beliefs and desires of people. (Schwandt T.A, 2000). The critical theories and participatory paradigms that share closer epistemological views with the constructivist paradigm are however, constrained by their theoretical scope of research. The critical theories paradigm focus is limited to local instances of unequal power relations, its negative effects and assisting those without power to acquire it (Wills, 2007). In the case of participatory paradigm, the focus is solely on studies where the researcher is an active participants and possess
Before undertaking any research, Boyle and Schmierbach (2015) suggested that a paradigm needs to be developed to ensure that the philosophical underpinnings used by the researcher are determined. When determining the paradigm, the researcher has to decide on whether to use a positivism approach or to use an anti-positivism approach. When a researcher adopts a positivism approach, the social aspect of research is assumed to have no significance on the results of the study. As such, most such studies adopt a quantitative review where the data collected does not really highlight the relationship with society. An alternative is an anti-positivism approach where the researcher recognizes the impact that social conditions and perceptions may have on the subject of research.