4 METHODOLOGY: 4.1 STUDY DESIGN The research approach that will be employed for this research study will be in a case study form. The researcher will make use of a qualitative literature assessment approach as it will enable the researcher to use relevant literature to review an existing- or suggest a new hypothesis (Kothari:2004). Research will be analytical and instrumental, using existing information and knowledge; as well as applied, in order to find a solution to the immediate problem. 4.2 CASE STUDY The use of a case study method has been chosen by the researcher. According to Yin, (Yin: 2003a) the case study has the strength of being able to collect evidence from multiple sources citing that either qualitative data, quantitative data
Chapter 3 Methodology Research Design Different types of research design are selected according to the needs of the research. In this specific study, research used to intend mixed research design because this study is depending upon both quantitative and qualitative data. The means of data collection will be gathered through primary and secondary sources. Research Approach To conduct a research, it is necessary to determine what approach is being implemented as typically scientific investigation involves alternating among induction and deduction. Research approaches are based on the procedures and plans of research that extent the assumptions to detailed methods of interpretation, data collection and analysis.
While Parahoo describes, a research design as “a plan that describes how, when and where data are to be collected and analysed” (Parahoo, 1997). Others also confirm that the research design is descriptive in nature. A research design can also be defined as “the researcher’s overall for answering the research question or testing the research hypothesis” (Polit & Hungler, 2013). This study used descriptive research. Descriptive research involves gathering data that describe events and then organizes, tabulates, depicts, and describes the data collection (Glass & Hopkins, 1984).
Because theories are constructed in order to explain and predict and master phenomena. So, in many instances, theories are constructed as models of reality. In a research, a conceptual framework is used to outline the possible courses of action to an idea, it is an analytical tool with several variations and contexts. In developing this, you need to first select the concepts, then identify the interrelationships of each concepts, formulate the definition, and formulate the theoretical rationale. (www.southeaster.edu retrieved 2003 September).
Why did we choose this? Justify its relevance. Content analysis is a strategy for outlining any type of object by checking different parts of its essence. This empowers a more target assessment than contrasting elements in light of the impressions of an audience. Content examination starts with distinguishing research directions and picking a unit or examinations.
how and why the exploration was composed, led and examined, and how this prompted specific conclusions. Thus methodological reflexivity may involve considering these sorts of issues, for example, ‘in what way the examination ought to be outlined or directed with a specific end goal to give a persuading record’; ‘is there any another possible interpretation or rebuttal of the narrative’; ‘what role does analysts play in delivering results’; ‘what sorts of selections were made during research process and the reasons for these
A deductive approach is concerned with “developing a hypothesis (or hypotheses) based on existing theory, and then designing a research strategy to test the hypothesis” . A deductive approach method was applied to this research for being the most appropriate, it involves the development of a conceptual and theoretical structure prior to its testing through experiment and observation. The process involves starting out with a theory. Deductive line of reasoning employs the type of logic that goes from general statement to a specific conclusion. Usually the conclusion follows as a specific aspect of the founding arguments.
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: In this section detailed of data ,research design in ordered to test hypothesis After literature review, identifying variables and developing hypothesis and theoretical frame work this section explain what to do and how to do. Research design offers guideline to researcher to gather and analyze data in order to answer research questions (Sekaran and Bougie, 2010). Collis and Hussey (2009) identified methodology as the “overall approach to the entire process of the research study”. Research methodology is focused around the problems to be investigated in a research study and for this reason is varied according to the problems to be investigated. Research philosophy If research reflects the philosophy of positivismthen
In qualitative research, the researcher interprets the data by developing a description, analyzing data and finally drawing conclusions about its meaning theoretically. The characteristics of qualitative research (Rossman and Rallis, 1998) cited in Creswell are: 1) Qualitative research usually done in the field. Meaning that the researcher should go to the field of the research object in order to collect the primary data. In this case, researcher will be able to know and understand deeply about the research object and gain better experience and got more detail data. 2) Qualitative research uses data collective which involve the participant actively and sensitively in the study.
The focus of the studies under this approach moves from particular aspects to the generalisations or broader theories. Different methods are used in the inductive approach, which are experiments, interviews, survey, and others in order to gather information. Under this approach, the previous information is researched and evaluate from the perspective of the research aim and objectives. Furthermore, this information is supported by the data gathered from survey, interview or another approach. For this considered study, inductive approach is focused because it is using research question to narrow down the scope of the study and focuses on both general and particular perspective (Goddard & Melville,