Indeed, the book is a perfect reflection of the situation of urban centers in the contemporary world. Application of the authors’ concepts may contribute to the consequence of rapid urbanization and slow growth of cities as well. Chapter 9 of the book highlights the importance of effective leadership in the management of cities to stimulate their growth. Additionally, Glaeser recommends the promotion of READING RESPONSE4 education and consumerism to spur economic growth. He asserts that a society that is enlightened is capable of solving the various challenges in urban centers.
Ghosh tried implementing was a circular model, imbibed from the Japanese companies. This model was flat in order to bring forth better information flow and centers around the topmost executives and gradually descends towards the employees at the periphery. This model was a customer focused one and had a highly responsive structure. Centering around the topmost executives was intended to facilitate better dissemination of information and ideas from the managers to the employees. However, employees and particularly the new joinees were unaware of this new structure and its functioning.
This instance is most often looked for in the dichotomy of society and technology. Approaches which lean toward society being this instance begin with the assumption that technology and its resulting consequences are planned and inaugurated by social actors, most often large institutional entities (Hollinger, 1991). The main focus is either on the political economy of the object of study (Hickey, 2009) or on the social construction of the artifact of interest (Demers, 2001). Particularly the latter, the Social Construction of Technology (SCOT), "points to technology as being through and through social." (Huber et al, 2011) The most extreme position on this side of the spectrum is "social
The technique used for research was focus groups. In Sao Palo two different kind of clusters were formed, one of the apartment wives and the other of housewives, however in Rio de Janeiro, one single cluster of apartment wives was formed. All the individuals in cluster belonged to Class A and B and were a user of garbage
It proposes that the growth model as seen in China with rising levels of per capita income came at the cost of future generational disparity. The trend in the economic development was to more from primary to secondary and then to tertiary sector that primarily comprises of services. This model misses on the quality of service being provided and who is the provider? Stiglitz proposes that there should be a shift from production being a measure of development to well being being a measure. There are two components of well being- material and qualitative well being.
Highlighting the fact that the four elements work interchangeably and impact one another. For this reason, the diamond system establishes four forces that are complementing one another, where two of these elements are self-reinforcing, they are the domestic competitiveness and geographical focus. The outcome of these forces helps one another to elevate, the competitiveness leads the companies to innovate, and the geographical location amplifies the elements separately and all collectively. The direction of the relationship can be horizontal or vertical, for instance the top class suppliers can become new threat entrants in the market, and an excellent example for the diamond system is the how the Japanese were able to enter the electronic market for liquid–crystal display due to the reason they formally supplied the US market for electronic components assembly, started its electronic company DELL. The company is competing for the leading brands for the PC laptop and netbooks.
The purpose of the less hierarchical structure was to avoid the difficulties in agreeing upon enacting decisions, common in bulky, bureaucratic, traditional organizations. Diekman, Wurtenberger, and Sinner also discovered Germany was at least two years behind in media technology compared with Silicon Valley (Case 12). Fast-paced trends toward digital technology were the norm in the Valley’s publishing industry, moving far more rapidly than they anticipated. Given the discoveries, the three sought to incorporate the lessons learned in Silicon Valley to their organization. They saw these as an opportunity for the company to move towards a more integrated and digital-centric
Consistently excelling at math since the high school level, I enjoyed subjects that incorporated arithmetical application. I also made a conscious effort to take advantage of courses and projects, often beyond the prescribed curriculum. Most of those projects were done in groups of two to four students. This gave me the opportunity to learn to work in a group- both as a leader or otherwise. My first tryst with cutting-edge technology was during my Industrial training and project at Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd, Mumbai, with an intensive orientation to processes, product cycles, and quality control in high-precision manufacturing ambience.
Development of connective infrastructure — high-speed rail lines, roads and highways, even Internet networks linking western China with central Asia and, ultimately, with points beyond such as Iran and Turkey, finally going to Europe. This multifaceted development of connective infrastructure is meant to enable a second aspect of the “one belt, one road” strategy — expanding trade volumes between China and the vast Eurasian reaches to its West. (b) Maritime Infrastructure. Construction and development of ports and related facilities that will extend China’s maritime reach across the Indian Ocean and, via the Suez Canal, into the Mediterranean basin. Over time, the New Silk Road Economic Belt and the Maritime Silk Road will be interwoven through channels like the projected China-Pakistan Economic Corridor and the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar Economic Corridor.
4.1. Dispersed Growth Clusters The resulting analysis of the three factors of development defines the limits of an urban center which may be subject to densification through development incentives and controls. Outlying municipalities may be developed as growth centers in the north and south to disperse urban functions from the center. Existing settlement patterns are in a linear direction along the main axial corridor. They form natural growth clusters in the north and south with generally