POLS 200 Yara Hifni Elham Seyedsaymodost Paper 2 With increasing globalization and proliferation of non-state actors, the state is entering a period of decline. Globalization is defined as the interconnectedness and integration between populations, business organizations, and governments of diverse states around the world. Globalization affects aspects such as the environment, nations, economic and political developments, and societies. (The Levin Institute). Political globalization on a narrower end, defines the increasing inclination towards multilateralism and emergence of non-governmental state actors, which have direct influence over the state.
Deskilling against the background of the rapid changes caused by global developments in contemporary society According to Kaya (2008) many people argued that the labor and class structures of countries around the world were being changed by globalization. Globalisation is said to influence social class based on proletarianization and polarization. Braverman (1974) as cited by Kaya (2008) defined proletarianization in the situation of early industrialized economies as a two way process that includes deskilling and the process whereby workers lose control of their work. However, Polarization includes the growth of private sector leadersin entrepreneurial, managerial and professional classes, alongside the decline of public
All the problem arises in the organization can be settle down and have to abide by the law. This will result to those issues where it can be critically analyze and being solved. Conclusion As a conclusion, industrial relations are about the employee, labor or employment relations. The major important of industrial relations are the contribution of industrial relations towards individual and the organization. An effective industrial relations system and its contributions will encourage harmony at the workplace while having their understanding each other’s right peacefully and that productivity are enhanced.
Economic Globalization and the Fears of the Small Many authors consider the economic globalization as the pillar of the entire phenomenon over which other components are built. Although the globalization has many complex and very dynamic processes, the particular process that involves strengthening and expanding the relations between the national economies is the key factor to support the globalization in its other domains (Pogge, 2007). The fear of the developing countries that the process of globalization jeopardizes their economic development and that they can end up in some new neocolonialism stems from the fact they are not able to compete effectively on equal basis with the countries of the developed part of the world. Although the technological change creates many opportunities, in order to take any advantage of them, the developing countries have to be able to cope with the competition from the developed economies, stress Alvarez at al. (2009).
Description of the laws The Labour Relations Act (LRA) of 1995 – the aim is to encourage financial growth, fairness to all groups or parties such as employer and employee, peace and democracy in the workplace. To achieve this it has set out rules to control the relationship between employees and their unions and the relationship between employers and the unions. This act allows employees to join a trade union who can bargain for them. One of the main aims of this Act is to gain quick, effective and inexpensive resolutions for any disputes. So employees are no longer afraid to speak up when they are not being treated fairly by the employer.
As globalization has increased so has trade and FDI. These changes have resulted in the reduction of barriers between countries and a growing change of the power structure of the international system. Multi National Enterprises (MNE’s) and other companies have been able to remove some of the power from the governments and gain more influence in how the world works. With how things stand in some countries today it is possible for a foreign company to sue its host country if that country adds governmental regulations like environmental restrictions that end up decreasing the companies’ profits. This ability by these companies is a fairly new idea and continues to change.
yes i beleive that globalisation bring positives impactes to the words and more negatives impactes Negative effects of globalization for developing country business Critics of global economic integration warn that (Watkins, 2002, Yusuf, 2001): The growth of international trade is exacerbating income inequalities, both between and within industrialized and less industrialized nations Global commerce is increasingly dominated by transnational corporations which seek to maximize profits without regard for the development needs of individual countries or the local populations Protectionist policies in industrialized countries prevent many producers in the Third World from accessing export markets; The volume and volatility of capital flows increases the risks of banking and currency crises, especially in countries with weak financial institutions Competition among developing countries to attract foreign investment leads to a "race to the bottom" in which countries dangerously lower environmental standards Cultural uniqueness is lost in favor of homogenization and a "universal culture" that draws heavily from American culture Critics of economic integration often point to Latin America as an example where increased openness to international trade had a negative economic effect. Many governments in Latin America (e.g. Peru) liberalized imports far more rapidly than in other regions. In much of Latin America, import liberalization has been credited with increasing the number of
The latter, mostly happens when the investments are made in underdeveloped and developing nations, in which the taxation costs coming from an arbitral award resulting from ISDS mechanism may generate social and economic chaos. Companies are also the principal contributor to global problems; such as global warming and social inequality. On view of this, it is clear that companies are playing a big and important role on creating global problems, and should be included on the global decision making
According to Dale Yoder “industrial relations is the process of management dealing with one or more unions with a view to negotiate and subsequently administer collective bargaining agreement or labour contract”. Importance of Industrial Relations: The healthy industrial relations are key to the progress and success. Their significance may be discussed as under – • Uninterrupted production – The most important benefit of industrial relations is that this ensures continuity of production. This means, continuous employment for all from manager
The prevalence of outsourcing has become “an essential part of business activities in the era of globalization” (Thangavelu & Chongvilaivan, 2013, p. 27). While on the one hand, outsourcing not only saves time and money but also creates opportunities of accessing new resources and exchange technological innovation, on the other hand, it decentralizes more and more business processes and disbands domestic jobs. The heated debate over ethical challenges, particularly over labor legislations, pulls public focus away from the extensive opportunities outsourcing provides. Nonetheless, when weighing the key advantages against the disadvantages (excluding the extent and impact of the ethical debates) it is evident that companies gain from outsourcing in the short-term as well as in the long-term. The planning process of outsourcing itself should involve project risk management (Deering, 2014, p. 17), which would overall allow a company for receiving the highest possible profit of