In a time after the Civil War, when a transcontinental railroad was created connecting the East and West, people began to move and settle across the country, creating new urban cities and manufacturing hubs. It was because of the railroad that the Second Industrial Revolution and the Gilded Age took place which rapidly increased the manufacturing of products through the new machines in factories and the spread of ideas by the telegraph and railroad. It was in this context that many farmers, as well, began to move West and experience a loss in the prices of their crops. It is also in this context that many workers were forced to work long, laborious hours with little pay. Farmers responded to industrialization in the Gilded Age by forming organizations such as the Granger movement and the Farmers Alliance as well as creating the Populist Party.
The effects of immigration’s role in the rise of Big Business are not just limited to the new technology and ideas from Europe, but also the increased belief in the middle class and urbanization. They entered America legally through Ellis Island in New York or Angel Island in San Francisco, yet others entered illegally and found a way to remain hidden from the law. Before the elevation of Big Business in America, Europe had been industrializing throughout the entirety of the 1800s; therefore, after this rapid urbanization the immigrants supplied new technology, ideas, and more support for better factory conditions. Clearly, the growth of the number of immigrants in America created a demand for similar advancements in
The agricultural revolution was a significant period in the industrial revolution as it developed widely with new and efficient farming techniques which lead to a massive increase in food production. People were now able to leave the farms and move into cities because there was sufficient agricultural production to support life away from the farm. New technologies were invented to meet the growing demand for these products, which lead to the first industrial factories. In the period of agriculture, people saw that it was a time to develop, therefore people started creating tools to help with the efficiency of farming and agriculture, a certain machine which was the plow, which is a device that contains blades that effectively break up the soil, plows created cuts within the soil for the sowing of seeds. Another device that was also created and was a massive upgrade in agriculture was the seed drill that was create by Jethro Tull in the 18th century.The seed drill was a machine than plants drills in rows then covers them, which makes it simpler for the farmers.
The industrial nation required more unskilled laborers and people which allowed for all the immigrants from northern Europe and their children helped to provide the labor needed. Most of the working people had special attributes that would put them in a higher position than the rest and leave them to receive more pay. An example of this is “A craftsman who was unhappy with his or her employer could leave that job behind knowing that it was an easy matter to find another. Skilled workers were always in demand. All of this changed with the coming of machine production.
Between the years of 1865 and 1900, extensive amounts of industrialization were spreading throughout the nation and began to flourish. New ideas and inventions were increasing productivity in numerous different fields, such as manufacturing and agriculture. However, with this newfound accomplishment came more responsibilities and larger work loads for many of the employees and became hard to bare. Overtime came into effect and wages remained the same despite the additional amount of work that had to be done. Many small businesses began to be taken over by large industrialized companies.
The rate of growth of the European population experienced spectacular growth generated by multiple factors like the changes in agricultural production. Also there is an increased external migration (also favored by the best means of transport) , all on a US , South America and Australia.The new discoveries in science helped to develop more new medicines for the illness. This produced a significant reduction in mortality rates. Due to the economic situation, it was needed to produce as many products in the shortest possible of time. Therefore arise new ways of organizing work in factories.
The Industrial Revolution was the changeover to a new manufacturing process. It has started in Britain, then it spread to America. Before industrialization, people had to manage things by hand, with the industry beginning people lost their jobs and lost their income. Urbanization was the central factor in the industrial revolution because with the population increasing there can be more factories. Farmers were going from the country to the city.
With new inventions in transportation, textile, and agriculture Britain changed rapidly during the Industrial Revolution. Before the Industrial Revolution began people would manufacture goods in their own houses, with the employers supplying the materials needed and much of the work had to be done by hand. However, during the Industrial Revolution, many advancements were made in several areas of work, which meant machines now did the majority of the labour. Although many wonderful inventions were made, poor people’s lives became harder and the work became very dangerous. Beginning in 1700 and continuing on till 1850, the Industrial Revolution brought both joys and sorrows to the people of Britain.
The Industrial Revolution Progress in technology and economy led to big changes in society during the industrialization. The industrial revolution started in Britain at the end of 17th century, and caused increasing population, wealth and power. How was the working conditions for, people and children? How was the living conditions for the less wealthy? What caused the urbanization?
The Industrial Revolution brought about the promise of a better life. There were many who were able to find employment in factories and construction. This lead to overpopulation in some areas in the cities. Overpopulation brought a need to house the new influx of people The decline in urban communities seen today can linked to the Industrial Revolution of the nineteenth century. Many of the people who had been living in rural areas and working on farms believed moving to the city would increased their likelihoods for attaining a job that would improve the quality of life for their family.