Agriculture revolution brought in new farming techniques, production of cash crops and raw materials for industries and new farm machineries. Crop rotation and land consolidation indirectly led to industrial revolution. As a result of these developments, there was a period of high productivity and low food prices which means people in England requires less money to spend in food. Hence, they could spend more on manufactured products. Thus, it can be concluded that industrial revolution resulted in a shift from agrarian societies to urban societies.
For instance, farm production, which was once done manually by hand and produced with the aim of feeding the immediate family, became commercialised. The invention of new machines such as tractors and threshing machines resulted in bigger harvests and the sale of agricultural produce for profit. The development of steam-powered machines and the popularisation of the production line in factories during this period led to more products manufactured in greater amounts for sale, steering up the cycle of demand and supply for the rapidly increasing population. It is therefore evident that the Industrial Revolution was a pivotal turning point in human history as it led to massive changes in the economy and the traditional way of living life for a great
This stable agriculture was soon to be a modern industrial society, in which the people were relying on mechanical machines powered by steam and electricity. Every waking and sleeping second is caused by the Industrial Revolution. The manufacturing economy majorly boomed in the industries. Inventions like “Flying Shuttle”created by John Kay in 1733 were causes for increases in the speed of weaving. This led to the inventions like the “Spinning Jenny” because of very high demands.
The interaction between the people and the environment was the main cause for the start of industrialization. According to Document 4, George WArner describes how England was fortunate enough to be provided with wool, coal, iron, and other materials that were nearby. Since Warner was an Englishman, he viewed the positive effects from obtaining these resources and how it aided Britain into the Industrial Revolution. According to Document 1, it shows an accurate map of the natural resources of England circa 1700. These raw materials were exploited for the benefit of the population because it demonstrated how these resources speak quickly and rapidly in England.
New and better machines were invented, like the steam engine and cotton weaving machines, and new processes were introduced, like melting and reforming steel or iron by burning coal and not wood. As a result, labour productivity increased, that led to long lasting economic growth, more specifically, a growth in Gross Domestic Product (Allen, 2011: 27). During the eighteenth century, England had access to large quantities of coal and thus had the largest coal mining industry in the world during that time. This resulted in England possessing the cheapest energy source during the 1700’s. Other countries
Britain began the revolution first, it then quickly spread to some of Europe, the U.S, the remaining parts of Europe, and then slowly to the “Asian Tigers” (Cite WCP). The new technology caused an uproar in production and soon bettered working conditions and pay. The machines did cause several workers to lose their jobs, for the machines could produce twice as much produce in half as much time as humans. Multiple people such as Newcomen, the Lombe brothers, Kay, Hargreaves, Arkwright, Crompton, and numerously more inventors contributed to the Revolution by inventing, regulating, and making and changing rules. The inventions brought about new ideas and people began to make communities to better the world; however, not all of the communities had the right ideas.
With the invention of the steam engine, it also helped agriculture. A lot of tools were converted to steam powered, such as steam-operated threshers, mechanical reapers which improved productivity and expanded the supply of food and raw
After the invention of the steam engine and steam pump it was much easier to provide energy, since steam power was reusable and more efficient. This extraordinary invention of the steam engine allowed new jobs to form and helped the Industrial Revolution develop. Britain had a huge supply of coal which allowed them to create steam powered factories for objects that were usually handmade. Steam power also allowed ships and trains to go back and forth between places faster and therefore developed trading and transportation. The steam engine may have created new jobs, but it increased child labour.
The industrial revolution ended the domestic system of production, and created an urban working class. This was a period of time when the use of people for manual labor was substituted with machines, which greatly increased the rate of production. It replaced the animal and human power by mechanical power and transformed agriculture based economies to manufacturing based ones. This led to the development of enclosure
By 1833 child labor finally decreased due to the Factory Act of 1833 limiting work hours for both women and children. The Industrial Revolution was a time full of progress, like new theories in social, economic, and scientific areas, filled with positive and negative effects.This revolution helped the world face big obstacles socially and economically which still have a impact on us today. The Industrial Revolution is known and taught as one of the