The book The Ghost Map by Steven Berlin Johnson talks about the cholera outbreak that occurred in Victorian London during the mid-1800s, during this outbreak more than 600 people living in London died from cholera. The book The Ghost Map also talks about how Dr. John Snow who is considered as the “The Father of Epidemiology” created his “Big Experiment” this experiment consistent in finding the reasons behind the cholera outbreak and how it was possible that a certain part of the city was having the most cases of cholera while other parts of the city were “safe” from the cholera outbreak. The first chapter of the book mainly serves to provide background information to the reader. In this chapter we read that one of the main causes of the cholera
The Industrial Revolution affected people in different ways both by bad and good effects. The Industrial revolution was a good and a bad time with both positive and negative things happening during this time. There were plenty of positive effects on the Industrial Revolution. In Document 7 it says about how there was equal rights for men and women. In document 3 employment grew a lot which is good so people could get more jobs.
The homes lacked stability or any regard for sanitation, which lead to disease and harm to the dwellers. Document 11 describes the industrial towns as, “[unpaved streets], full of holes, filthy and strewn with refuse” and Document 10 elaborates by stating, “that the annual loss of life from filth and bad ventilation are greater than the loss from death or wounds in any wars”. The poor construction and sanitation stems from the need to quickly build the homes to quickly house the workers. Through urbanization, resulting from the Industrial Revolution, the towns became overpopulated at exhausting rates and only worsened the issues at hand. Had the industry not boomed so quickly, there would have been ample opportunity to ensure safe and clean living conditions, which in turn would have resulted in less death and disease to the
Before the late 1700s, Europe and America were chiefly agrarian rural societies. Most people had small workshops or worked out of their homes in what was called a cottage industry. Innovations such as the Water Frame, Spinning Jenny, and Steam Engine revolutionized the textile industry and culminated in a boost to the economy. These inventions sparked the beginning of the Industrial Revolution in England, and the new technology propelled the country's shift to a manufacturing and urban society. Eventually, the revolution spread to other countries.
The Industrial Revolution was a time of exponential growth in factories and agriculture through mechanization. Great Britain was the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution, beginning in the late 1700s till the mid-1800s. The mechanization of farming made growing crops more effective and efficient. Therefore fewer people were needed in agriculture and were forced into urbanization to find work. Cities population drastically increased during the revolution due to the immigration of rural workers.
The factories were so hazardous and filthy. In The Sanitary Kass 4 Conditions of the Laboring Population, by Edwin Chadwick, it states, “It is an appalling fact that, of all who are born of the laboring class in Manchester, more than 57% die before the attain five years of age; that is, before they can be engaged in factory labor, or in any other labor whatsoever.” (Doc.2) The conditions of the factories and the pollution were detrimental to the child laborers.
However, overpopulation of people led to horrible health and working conditions of the laborers to the unsanitary daily lives of the citizens. For example in document 2, Edwin Chadick, a health reformer explains how overpopulation lead to diseases and horrible health conditions. He starts of by explaining how, “atmospheric impurities from decomposing animal and vegetable substances , damp and filth, and overcrowded dwellings,” of of the lower working class people caused diseases. Leading to the deaths of many, the lifespan of the working class population became lower due to the industrial revolution. The point of view of this document is of a health reformer, Chadwick.
The workers were often subjected to sweltering heat in the summer and frigid conditions in the winter. But, that was not it, at the time there were no laws in place that required businesses to ensure their employees' safety, and this regularly lead to many injuries and fatalities in the workplace on a daily basis. There was not a single work place that did not have injured or mutilated employees, and this was due to the unsafe working conditions of the factories, “Let a man so much as scrape his finger pushing a truck in the pickle-rooms, and he might have a sore that would put him out of the world; all the joints in his fingers might be eaten by the acid, one by one… There were men who worked in the cooking rooms… in these rooms the germs of tuberculosis might live for two years, but the supply was renewed every hour.” (109).
While some might argue that industrialization had primarily positive consequences for society because of new machines, it was actually a negative thing for society. Industrialization’s negative effects were child labor, disgusting living conditions, and hard, dangerous, filthy jobs for little pay. One of the negative effects of Industrialization was child labor. Many children worked during the Industrial Revolution because they needed to support their families. Lots of them started working very young.
During the Industrial Revolution, it was not only a time of change for the economy, but also for many towns and villages in England. What was once a respectably sized village in the late eighteenth century turned into the bustling city of Manchester during the nineteenth century. Although the revolution saw the country pushed forth into a new era of productivity, it spelled horror for the working class. Issues in Manchester were rampant, such as the deplorable living conditions, the working man being squashed beneath the iron heel of the businessmen, the decline of religion, and pollution of the once great country. This yielded several reactions from various sources, including that of scholars who smelled socialism on the rise, the creation
Effects of the Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution was an important event in history. It brought about many positives during its time. For instance, kids were well fed, educated, and clothed. There were plenty of negatives, as well. One very sad example was the machine injuries that happened to both children and adults.
Over the course of the 20th century, many significant changes were conceived and executed by the field of public health. These improvements are no less relevant today, and from the beginning, they have aided us all. However, there is a major achievement which underscores the safety and good health of the historically downtrodden: bettering work conditions for labourers in need of social change. Not only was this movement important for public health, but it gave the exploited working class a voice, allowing the affected public to organise and fight for better conditions themselves. Before any work was done in favour of making labour safer, manual work was a very dangerous job.
The Industrial Revolution was the urbanization of rural areas, and the development of factories and machines. These transformations allowed economic prosperity and brought along tremendous plusses, and were still seeing the success in these up-comings today. “…Industrial Revolution spread to the
However, in the seasons of Victorian Britain, the conditions were exceedingly unsanitary, so there was a somewhat an equal chance for anybody to catch cholera. Individuals were not exceptionally instructed on the ailment and how to counteract adequately it. Specialists trusted that Cholera was brought on by the contaminated air, thus everyone who inhaled it in power succumb