Industrial Revolution Dbq

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After we have seen what might be the causes in the colonises, I would like to take a closer look to some countries by themselves. Some countries, like England and France were once colonisers and they brought their own culture of governing to the colonises. Therefore it could be interesting to examine their history after a bigger breaking-point. In case of England, this will be the Industrial Revolution and then the Glorious Revolution that has started such procedures that it lead to a complete change in their economic system. On the other side, we have France during and after the French Revolution, which had an impact later on on many other countries' institutional system. This breaking-point required a lot of sacrifice and made the changes…show more content…
The origins of this growth and the associated Industrial Revolution are generally considered to be a consequence of the economic, political, and social development of Western Europe over the previous centuries. Namely, between 1500 and 1800 Europe experienced an economic growth, which was at that time unique and remarkable (Acemoglu, Johnson & Robinson, 2005, p. 546). Industrial Revolution has a huge impact on institutional changes, since it marks a transition from stable agricultural and commercial society to a modern industrial society relying on complex machinery rather than tools. Dramatic changes took place in the economic structure as inventions and technological innovations created the factory system of large-scale machine production and greater economic specialisation. England once had also an extractive institutional system, since at that time – seventeenth century – the political power was kept strictly and anything that is new and would question the old system was forbidden. The people on power feared innovations, since they require from people to adapt, specialise for new working fields and maybe it will also mean that some, who are not willing to change, will loose their job. Keeping the control within the monarchy did not only damage the chances for innovation but also blocked the continuous development of international…show more content…
358-359). The factors, like better secured property rights, improved infrastructure, a changed fiscal regime, greater access to finance, and a higher protection of traders and manufacturers slowly started to be visible in the economic development of the country. After this date, the number of patented inventions started to rise and the great flowering of technological change that was to be at the heart of the Industrial Revolution began to be evident. Innovations took place on many fronts, reflecting the improved institutional environment (Acemoglu & Robinson, 2012, p 366-367). However, we should not forget that the industrialisation was predominantly focusing on a limited number of sectors, such as textiles, and largely bypassed the service industries (Clarke,
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