Dystopian fictions always propose some kind of warning which is often implied of what will happen if the present trends are continued. As the dystopian fiction gained its prominence in the 20th century, some factors are the reason for the popularity of these dystopian fictions. The brutality, aggression, violent behaviour and totalitarian government lead by Nazi Germany and the Stalinist Soviet Union. As these two totalitarian governments shook the whole world, they also made their influence in writings and genres. Another aspect which raised the growth of dystopian fiction is the side effects of the industrialization and providing the consciousness of environmental damage.
A major debate among Historians is if the Industrial Revolution was helpful or harmful. The industrial revolution created a big change in the society of America. It was an age of innovation and creativeness for the inventors of the world. It was an age of sorrow and despair for the workers of the world. The industrial revolution created an age of wonder for the rich but also created a nightmare for the workers powering the industrial revolution.
In this literature analysis, we will focus on the scene from the 3rd chapter and what made Victor choose to do what he has done. How can we understand and sympathize with the situation Victor faced for creating the monster? The analysis will focus on an argument around the 3rd chapter and how situations in the book are relevant in today’s world, another point we will look at is the factors that played the role in making Victor create the monster, what has happened in his life for him to get to the point where he became monster himself. When talking about Frankenstein people always remember the monster and they think that the name of the monster is Frankenstein although they are not wrong, the character
Literature is the reflection of society. What our society is and what we are gets reflected through our literature. This paper deals with the impact of the Great War in T.S.Eliot’s masterpiece The Wasteland. An attempt has been made to unravel the changes that penetrated into the lives of modern civilization, because of the Great War, through this piece of literature.The Wasteland stands as an excellent example of the disillusionment and spiritual bankruptcy of the modern era especially after the world plunged into a devastating war that resulted into millions of deaths. Key Words: Great War, disillusionment, dehumanization.
He says, "I at once gave up my former occupations, set down natural history and all its progeny as a deformed and abortive creation, and entertained the greatest disdain for a would-be science which could never even step within the threshold of real knowledge” (2.24). He wants to know everything about science and continues to look for new information that goes beyond mankind. Victor is always researching about the scientific world and investigating. He becomes obsessed with knowledge. He learns how to create the perfect human with the best strength and intelligence.
Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus (1881), written by Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, depicts the story of the scientist Victor Frankenstein who is infatuated with reanimating a dead body for the purpose of fame and ultimate scientific knowledge. He believes that if he could “bestow animation upon lifeless matter” he might “renew life where death had apparently devoted the body to corruption”. He succeeds in his mission, but the creation of life does not contain the triumph of scientific knowledge that Victor had anticipated. He creates a monster, which will have a negative lasting impact on Victor’s life throughout the story. Victor is horrified with the monster he has created, and flees to avoid the responsibility that follows.
In her novel “Frankenstein’’ ,which was first published in 1818, Mary Shelley addresses numerous ideas of the movement which are embodied by the main characters, Victor Frankenstein and his monster. Furthermore, Shelley examines the relation that Frankenstein and his monster have towards relevant motifs of Enlightenment such as science, religion, and humanity. To begin with, the era of Enlightenment was characterized by numerous scientific discoveries in Europe. Advances were made in various scientific fields such as astronomy, physics, and mathematics. They caused large controversies which had a deep impact on people’s thinking about God and religion.
Hudson has defined this technical occurrence as “a shift from agrarian and rural based occupations to predominantly urban-based industrial and service employments. . .” which resulted in “radical shifts in social relations” (4). Charles Dickens and other different cwriters of his time, wrote in a time of developing rivalry and modern agitation which came about because of the “divorce of labour from the land and the rise of proletarianised wage labour” (12). The Industrial Revolution was created by an outgrowth of social and institutional changes brought before the end of feudalism in Britain after the English Civil War in the seventeenth century.
Finally, modern history gave way to the beginning of mass pollution and deforestation through the Industrial Revolution, which in turn accelerated globalized trade and led to more disease pandemics. The active global exchange economy, which was established by globalization, led to the widespread environmental degradation and disease that is found throughout history. The environmental damage that globalization caused, particularly the depletion of resources, can be illustrated by the rise and fall of Easter Island. Such a comparison between Easter Island and Earth is drawn in Jared Diamond’s Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed, in which Diamond predicts Earth’s future if it overexploits its resources as Easter Island
The texts reference the significant social and political upheaval as a consequence of rapid industrialisation, war and extreme class disparity of their time and show how oppression and dehumanisation cause loss of mankind’s values. Through the representation of the totalitarian regimes of the autocratic leaders, Lang and Orwell have created timeless