Industrialism: The First Industrial Revolution In Europe

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Throughout the course of global history, several pivotal movements have occurred and one of the most influential on social and economic reparations to occur is that of Industrialism from 1750-1914 in Europe. Industrialism entails an emergence of a factory system which is the preferred method of economic organization rather than farming through agriculture or commerce. On page 803 of our textbook it includes, “Along with the new networks of transportation and communication, new materials, and new sources of energy, the industrialized nations underwent significant changes in how they viewed politics, social institutions, and economic relationships during this time”. Thanks to several advantageous factors this period began in Britain which ultimately…show more content…
People took heed to the fact that industrialized countries were thriving much greater than their rural countries, so it was very common to see a society migrate to these areas in hopes of an easier lifestyle. In the textbook on page 803 it states, “As data from 1700 to around 1914 reveal, the industrialized nations experienced a significant population explosion. Advances in industrial production, expansion of factories, and improved agriculture during the first Industrial Revolution combined to produce increasing opportunities for jobs as well as more plentiful and nutritious food in order to sustain a larger population”. This textual evidence backs the claim of the primary reason there was so much of a population surge during this time. However, this reason alone was not enough to supplement the drastic changes in demographics. Factors such as medical advances greatly contributed to a sustaining and growing population. The textbook also on page 803 states, “In the second Industrial Revolution scientific advances in medicine, including drugs and vaccinations, along with notions of sanitation, contributed to a declining mortality rate”. Another detrimental factor to the emergence of urban dwellers consists of European migrations. These migrations were brought on due to the desire to escape grinding poverty in undeveloped nations. Areas of this nature included Ireland and southeast Europe. With the…show more content…
However, in the textbook on page 814 it states, “The advent of modernity was initially celebrated as an age of progress in science, industry, and the development of a mass culture. Nevertheless, the new age of prosperity and materialism gradually provoked a growing sense of unease concerning what these advances had wrought. The rising chorus of doubt, initiated by new discoveries in the scientific community, generated similar reactions among intellectuals and artists”. This startled material progress as many of the old standards began falling to the wayside. The uncertainty led to several thinkers including Albert Einstein, Charles Darwin, Sigmund Freud, Friedrich Nietzsche, and others to produce works that were modernized and displayed their profound unquiet uneasiness of the mass
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