We have a multilingual and multicultural society. The idea of unity in diversity prevails in India but with this diversity arise many issues. Casteism is one of the problems that India has been facing for centuries now. Millions of Indians are still denied a life with dignity and equality just because of their caste. An individual’s caste with respect to his society is like the umbilical cord.
The equality principle, is fundamental and logically prior to the difference principle. The equal liberty principle defines justice as encompassing all the things we have taken for granted in a democratic society. The difference principle is different in the sense that it insists that whereas the distribution of income and wealth “need not be equal, it must be to everyone’s advantage and at the same
Young asserts that “evaluating inequality in terms of social groups enables us to claim that some inequalities are unjust because such group-based comparison helps reveal important aspects of institutional relations and processes” (Young 2001, pg 2). Using a group based approach opens up the possibility of recognizing structural inequalities. Therefore, the ability to identify the structural inequalities that plague our society justifies the use of group
Wacquant discusses the urban exclusion on the issue of “new urban poverty” by taking xenophobic attitudes and increasing the urban inequalities into consideration. He addresses urban exclusion on the base of degradation, high rates of unemployment and a low morality (p.370). These elements also enable us to reconsider urban exclusion in post-1980s. For example, immigrant Kurdish population settling in gecekondu areas in Turkey expose not only the exclusion from labor market, but also intense racial stigma and degradation of their sui generis moral standards and
Society is inherently unequal, said John Rawls. To obtain equality is an ideal dream, however to reduce inequality isn’t. An idea to reduce inequality and provide equal opportunity to everyone in the society is what will be stated in this paper. This paper provides a theoretical approach towards the problem of equality in a society like that of India wherein reservations play a vital role in catering to the disadvantaged sections of the society. The paper dwells into the evolution of the concept of reservations and the problems posed by it.
This notion of equality appropriates the language of America’s founders, but it nevertheless strikes at the heart of the founders’ understanding of equality, which was based on equality of rights. For the founders understood that equality of outcome is impossible and undesirable, given the different abilities with which each person is born. Global inequality is getting worse. Inequality will not disappear overtime, and on the other hand it all depends on the balance of political power in the global economy. As long as a few wealthier countries have the power to set the rules to their own advantage, inequality will continue to worsen.
Gandhi is a very important figure in India as he was the first man to take a stand against the British colony. He believed deeply in the potential of India and how there was no need to turn to external sources such as the British for help. Gandhi was a man that believed that India can remain as is if one takes on that of self-rule. This rule which was very crucial to India as it allowed for many to become free from the British rule. To illustrate, this rule permitted individuals to become embodied to their own strength which, in return gave them unbearable force (22 Gandhi).
In the continuation of bonded labor practice in the South Asian region, the Hindu cast system’s inhumane traditions are playing an important role too. Those found working coercively in this region due to debt bondage are mostly Dalits and members from indigenous factions of the society. Majority illiterate, such people are bound to live in destitute and this is not new to them as they have been living such deplorable lives since years while facing systematic discrimination in every aspect. Unfortunately, these are the victims of caste system where any deviation or attempt to alteration in the social hierarchy by one group is paid back via severe punishment from the other group; a self-perpetuating component of Hindu traditions. The concept
Caste System Modernized This article describes how the caste discrimination is working in the modern India. We will see how even after 60 years of independence Ambedkar's ways for the eradication of the caste discrimination are still not finding their goal. The main reason behind this has been the increased complexities in the understanding of the caste system that have mingled with other things to give it a more nuanced form. Like everything else caste system in India has also grown more complex than ever. It has been modernized.
Article 39A of the Constitution gives a compulsion to the State to secure that the operation of the legal system promotes justice based on equal opportunity and ensure that it is not denied to any citizen due to economic or other disabilities. Everyone has equal rights, but sadly, they all cannot enjoy the rights equally. Enforcement of these rights has to be done through courts, but the judicial procedure is very complex, expensive and tardy, which puts the poor people at a detachment. It is one of the most important job of any welfare state to give judicial and non-judicial dispute-resolution mechanism and all citizens have equal access for resolution of their legal problems and enforcement of their fundamental rights. For an effective justice dispensation system at least three things should be