Inequality In India

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We have a multilingual and multicultural society. The idea of unity in diversity prevails in India but with this diversity arise many issues. Casteism is one of the problems that India has been facing for centuries now. Millions of Indians are still denied a life with dignity and equality just because of their caste. Although Caste has lost its former hegemonic position but it is still rampant. An individual’s caste with respect to his society is like a umbilical cord. This system of inherited occupation has sealed the fate of millions. Its origin is believed to be divine and is sanctioned by the sacred books of Hindus. The affirmative action in India has a constitutional basis. My term paper throws light on the principles and policies that…show more content…
According to Mathew J., the case of equality is actually a dissent against treacherous, undeserved and unjustified imbalances. It is an image of man's rebellion against chance, vile power and social privileges. Equals must be treated equally and unequal must be treated with inequality , not to propagate the current imbalance but to accomplish and keep a genuine condition of balance. Almost every state in this world promises equality to its citizens but existence of inequality cannot be denied. Inequality is a social creation. It is the society that credits scale to these distinctions which brings out social imbalance. If social conditions are uprooted, inequality can also be removed. The affirmative action is a step to uproot the social conditions and it is in this setting, the constitution powers the state to give uncommon profits and inclination to certain sections. The preferential treatment to some groups was given so that social justice can…show more content…
This gathering has been subjected to disconnection, prohibition, disregard, and underdevelopment owing to their geographical area and cultural exclusivity . Hardship emerging out of caste and ethnic rejection is endured by these two gatherings of individuals despite the fact that they constitute one-fourth of Indian population. According to Census 2011, 16.6 % of the population of India (approximately 200.6 million) belong to the Scheduled Caste community and 8.6 % belong to Scheduled Tribe. The policy of Affirmative Action was undertaken to bridge the gap between the depressed classes and 'others'. At the same time, our constitution makers wished to say farewell to Casteism and Communalism. Sardar Patel had said "let God give us wisdom and courage ... to do right things to all manners of people". The caste based reservation system is as old as the caste system itself. Caste System is a system of "watertight compartments" which does not allow the mixing of people. Ambedkar says "caste system is not merely a division of labor. It is also a division of laborers" . The Caste boundaries are highly reserved and one is not allowed to penetrate it. In caste based reservations also, the boundaries are reserved and the entry of others are

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