Inequality In Low Income Families

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Low Income Families
This section will focus on low income families. There are four sections to be looked at, stigma, leisure lifestyle, and raising income levels. Each area will bring together research that acknowledges the barriers low income families face when it comes to participating in meaningful leisure. It will also focus on how raising one’s income can create better leisure opportunities.
Stigma
Stigma is one of the major factors that dictates the leisure choices by low income families (Tirone, 2010). Low income individuals felt that they were being discriminated against, they were treated like trash, and that they did not belong (Benbow, Rudnick, Forchuk, & Edwards, 2014). If leisure professionals understood the stigma surrounding
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Sevilla, Gimenez, and Gershuny found that 52% of low income families spent their leisure time watching television as their access to other leisure choices were limited. Often time’s children of low income families spend their leisure time with their families, either watching television, or doing things in their immediate neighborhood (Outley & Floyd, 2002). Leisure with low income people though is often done with family in the home, and the parents often choose what the leisure activity will be, especially in socially isolated low income neighborhoods (Outley & Floyd, 2002). Knowing this, leisure professionals can create programs in low income areas that allow the whole family to be active, while slowly adding in programs that will give families a chance to spend time separately with their…show more content…
It was found that long term exposure in low poverty neighborhoods benefited females more than males (Leventhal & Dupere, 2011). Females had less psychological distress, less participation in crime, sexual activity, and substance use. Females were more likely to finish secondary school and have better reading comprehension (Leventhal & Dupere, 2011). For males the only significant improvement was reading comprehension, with inconsistent outcomes for other activities such as crime participation and substance use (Leventhal & Dupere, 2011). The study shows that living in a low poverty neighborhood for females can lead to better educational outcomes. This study is important for leisure professionals as if they can find a way to create better transportation from low income neighborhoods to low-poverty neighborhoods for recreational programs, there would be more exposure in those neighborhoods that may benefit the low income families. Another reason this research is important is because after knowing that low income individuals do better when they live in low poverty neighborhoods, they can research as to why that is, and what they can do to make future outcomes equal to their low poverty
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