Inequality In Sociology

1345 Words6 Pages
Theories of Inequality in Race In this lesson, Zach explains the theories of prejudice which happens in society. He explains and dissects the four different types of prejudice. One of the four prejudice is the scapegoat theory which is when a horrible event occurs and then blame someone unfairly for the unfortunate event. When we do this, it aims our rage towards another individual which creates a channel of anger. In the lesson, Zach gives an example such as blaming the immigrants for lack of jobs. They are blaming immigrants for them finding jobs or there not being enough for the other individuals which is putting this as we vs them. Next prejudice is the authoritarian personality theory which is when an individual believes that social rules…show more content…
Race and ethnicity are our social understanding that reflect upon what race means in society. Race is a socially constructed idea and their traits such as skin color, hair texture, and eyes do not mean anything by themselves. Due to these traits individuals think if themselves and seen by others in society as a separate group. External factors of race are random and internal factors which entitles someone’s own understanding of themselves has created race. Individuals who have both black and white ancestry but look black are labeled as black due to the social significance and construction of race. Ethnicity is when individuals have the same culture attributes or the same origin that their ancestors came from. In groups you can socially differentiate the different groups in society by their race and ethnicity. The forms or products that make up the social construction in society is ethnicity and race. A minority is an individual or group that is inferior to the superior group socially. A minority group is for example African Americans, women, immigrants, and many more. A stereotype is a form of prejudice which is a fixed idea about an individual or group. Stereotypes and prejudice are connected which work together in a form of…show more content…
Prejudice is not an action, but an idea directed towards a group or an individual. Discrimination is withholding opportunities to individuals because of prejudice cause. Discrimination is using action and can be negative or positive. The negative form of discriminating is when institutions can block opportunities to individuals. Also, positive discrimination is like affirmative action which allows more opportunities to be given to the disadvantaged group because of oppression inflicted on them. Law enforcement, schools, and banks are what make institutional discrimination. An example of institutional discrimination was the case Brown vs Board of Education which ended the separation of blacks and white students in separate schools. When the Supreme Court ruled in favor of the ending of separate schools this allowed the black and white students to become integrated. Furthermore, another example of institutional discrimination is resume studies. Studies were conducted to see the outcome when black and white names individuals who gave the same resumes and learned if the individuals would receive the same results. Jobs are willing to call people back if their names sound white or are white. For example, if a black man’s name is Devonte and a white man’s name is Matthew and they have the same qualifications on their resume the job is willing to
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