The veil of ignorance’s key purpose is to erase from a person’s mind who they are, meaning their race, sex, beliefs, and social class. Rawls theory of Justice relies on two principles, the first Principle of Equal liberties, and the second Difference principle. In today’s society Rawls’s theory of the Veil of Ignorance would better promote
This report is an analysis of the concern for equality. All human are the creation of one Creator, thus they must possess equal rights. Equality is a concept that explains the freedom to rights and an anti-discriminatory social system where all are treated fairly having an equal opportunity to enjoy equal rights regardless of the difference of gender, color, language or social status. Law of equality is a non-discriminatory practice where rights of human beings are protected and in case of violation, one must be provided with the fair and equal justice. This non-discriminatory practice then leads to conclude that all are equal before law.
The extent of fairness in this method is however, rather questionable and the same can be said for Rawls’s overall understanding of fairness, especially when looking at practicalities, because Rawls’s theory is highly idealistic and his methodology allegedly universal. In this essay I will therefore take a political realist approach and critically assess the question whether Rawls’s connection between justice and fairness is applicable in practice and whether making this connection can be justified. I will argue that justice is a practical concept for which it is important that current societal factors are considered and in doing so I will first look at the practical aspects in applying Rawls’s theory and conclude that his association of justice cannot be justified when looking at the concept of fairness applied in a practical
The concept and specifics of social justice are open to interpretation. Each theory has its advantages and flaws, making it difficult to settle on one set of guidelines that would be deemed universally as “just.” Some key issues that social justice theories should address are whether or not social justice depends on equality or aid to those in greater need, how possible is it to remove bias from a social situation, whether or not a society should be working towards a better or a perfect society, and what part does plural grounding play in the process of seeking justice? One pressing issue that social justice theories should address is whether or not justice is about equal access to equal treatment and resources or providing more aid to those
Leadership is limited by the perspectives that we have which are usually informal theories that we know to be normal. Critical social theory is a tool to get a perspective for leadership theory and is a direct rejection of positivism. Research is said to be biased because those who engage in it, weather or not they are aware of it, act from a set of assumptions that influences their decisions. Critical social theories also assume structural inequality and challenge the taken for granted assumptions while holding people responsible for their own liberation and progressing toward social justice. There are three central themes of critical social theory that were chosen to enhance the understanding of leadership.
Not all people have the same talents or weaknesses, therefore, true equality is near impossible without limiting other people 's freedoms. In the novella Anthem by Ayn Rand, they have created a society with total equality, and total unhappiness . They use the characters in this book to demonstrate why certain rules exist, as well as to prove why said rules shouldn’t exist. This book portrays that the rules of the society exist because the government believes they will help create complete equality among the society 's citizens. The main character, whose name happens to be Equality, realizes near the end of the Anthem that utopia is unachievable, especially by way of equality.
In “Functions of Inequality”, Davis and Moore attempt to explain the necessity of inequality in order to have a stable, functioning society. The premise is that inequality motivates individuals to push for success and advancement. Without motivation, then there would be no competition; no drive for improvement. If no one strives for success, then everything will operate on a subpar level. There are also incentives to benefit those who work harder so they will continue to better themselves.
This is crucial for Weber as his theory focuses on the impossibility for objectivity in the social sciences. Understanding ideal types is an extension to his premise that social science research is subjective. Ideal types are a subjective concept that an individual conceptualizes in their mind. Understanding the role of subjectivities in the social sciences has helped me understand the flexibility of sociological terms-- or ideal types. For example, I can understand that the concepts explaining the disparity in academic performance between students of colors and white students should be used as a ruler to put against reality and see how it compares.
The theory of justice can act as a guide in a society that pursues equality, whereby, inequality is only acceptable if it is to the benefit of the disadvantaged. Principles of the Theory of Justice Rawls’s Theory of Justice is guided by two primary guiding principles that are derived from the works of the theory included (Sen, 2006). The First Principle of Justice According to Rawls (2009), “Each person is to have an equal right to the most extensive basic liberty compatible with a similar liberty for others”. This principle protects some fundamental rights like the right to run for office and vote, liberty of conscience, freedom of speech, freedom from arbitrary arrest, and freedom of personal property. However, there is still some debate if freedom of contract makes this list.
One can argue that it is a rather abstract principle of equality, but then it leads to a more concrete feature that can explain the process of democratic governance. The concrete feature of political equality is the full inclusion of all persons subject to the legislation of a democratic state. Hence, political equality aims at the equal formulation and equal consideration for all citizens’ interests and requires the capability of every government to accommodate it regardless of the subject of majority or minority. The equal formulation that every government can provide in order to develop a good democratic regime is by giving an equal chance on participation to all citizens. The failure to do so will harm the country’s democracy.