The causes of inequality in the United States are diverse. The racial difference that exists in the United States has a major impact on the wage distribution, the blacks and Hispanics citizen are less respected than the white population. The other major cause of this inequality is the lack of high skilled people. There is a real problem of education level in the United States. The impacts of income inequality on the US population are also different.
Another explanation of the violence that occurs in South Africa is blamed on the ANC government’s service delivery bad record, what Apartheid didn’t damage, the ANC did. South African xenophobia has also been explained by the level of social and economic inequality in the country. It has been noted that the greatest punishments of xenophobic violence have been carried out in borders of formal society, where foreign nationals compete with the poorest South Africans to make themselves a basic living. And then lastly, South Africa’s immigration policies are also blamed for exasperating the problem. There are millions of foreigners in South Africa, with majority being black foreigners and they have come to be seen as a serious threat to the impending economic health of the country.
Such as poverty caused low aspirations, crime was a reaction to poverty and poverty created unstable families. Throughout this paper there are various explanations for why cultural values aren’t the only thing preventing an ethnic group from success. Rather that beliefs, racism, associations established with some races, etc. created and idea that some groups were better to higher than others and that these ideas were so ingrained that they still effect how society acts today. By viewing much of one’s failure as their own problem and not taking into consideration that ethnic groups history and how they have been compared to other immigrants.
One reason is the poverty that comprises of the lower class. Furthermore, this is common in the society of our country. Based on study.com, there are two reasons that explain poverty. These are “blame the poor” and “blame society”. The first is blame the poor in which the poor is the main reason for poverty or responsible of causing poverty because of lack of jobs, occupation, degree, schooling, and determination to work.
The House on Mango Street shows that the basis of violence and poverty are social inequality. This social inequality limits lower class from getting employed. The neighbourhood in the novel is impoverished because of the inequality in their society. The House on Mango Street shows that women are sexually abused, not having the opportunity to receive the same amount of education as men and have unequal contributions to the workforce. In our society, gender inequality leads to men having more power than women.
Wilson (1978) identified that the underclass exists within the urban black ghettos of North America. He commented that there are several interrelated factors from which this Underclass emerged. Firstly, discrimination and white fear of blacks concentrated this group within the cities. Secondly, within these cities there was a change from manufacturing to service provision. This meant that especially for young men, who often did not have many skills, only lower paid jobs were available (Anderson and Taylor, 2008), but it meant for educated black people they had more opportunities.
Essentially, the poor citizens are blamed for their failings. They can be blamed for causing social problems. In the economic functions, Gans states that “Although it is estimated that 80% of all illegal drugs are sold to Whites who are not poor, the sellers are often people banished from the formal labor market” (Gans). With fewer job prospects, these people are forced to make extra money by illegal means. In normative functions, it specifically talks about norm reinforcement.
And inequality is discriminating a person in all spheres of life which gives a rise to sense of deprivation. Again the responsibility shifts to the government, if a government is economically instable then it is hard for it to make and implement policies which will benefit the people. By far the biggest factor responsible for poverty after government’s policy is the problem of unemployment. Unemployment further worsens the living style of the people and they become economically deprived due to which they are unable to cope with the advancing living standards. Access to quality education also causes poverty because without education any person in the world cannot gain access to a good job and that a person has to work on low
This is also due to the fact that they are having this trail in a heavily segregated south in the 1930's. Lastly, the separation of classes due to the Great Depression being in effect causes Tom to be set below the majority of Maycomb because of Tom's wealth, or lack thereof. Tom
The beliefs it focus on were the Individualistic and Structuralist views. Individualistic beliefs emphasize the importance of negative personal traits such as laziness and simplemindedness as the main factors that lead to poverty. On the other hand, structuralist beliefs emphasize that the poor are “trapped” in poverty as their condition is the result of factors that they cannot control, such as social background or discrimination. Similar beliefs have been found in the case of Hispanics, although their increasing assimilation with whites has determined an increase in their tendency to explain inequality as the result of lack of motivation, or to take the individualistic approach. Simultaneously a decline has occurred in their ability to associate inequality with discrimination.
What is a very apparent concept in the story is the inequality and prejudice that exist in the small town. In Maycomb, the wealth of an individual is a way that consistently divided the social status of the townspeople. For example, The Finchers and other middle class people have more prestige and social status over the lower class townspeople, such as the Cunninghams and the Ewells. The most common and discriminatory inequality in the town is that the race of an individual would unjustly determine their social status. For example, the blacks, despite having more amiable qualities than the Ewells, still remain at the bottom of the social hierarchy for the only reason being their race.
The second reason they make, the recent recession having, in most part, significantly negatively affected black families, while benefiting white families to a small degree. Another reason that correlates to the wealth gap Hamilton and Darity claim is the fact that black families are less likely to receive mortgages for purchasing homes, even in cases where black families make significantly more than lower income white families. Now to resolve this Hamilton and Darity say that the public sector must intervene and offer support to black
“…by paying poor wages and giving him poorer rations,… and further denying him the opportunity for material advancement” (Course Reader 10). Low wages afforded a means of subsistence and little else. This kept the black population from any economic advancement in society and thereby forced them into a poor laboring class with no way out. This, Straker stated, institutes a large disparity between the two races which the nation is the worse
In an article, in the Atlanta Backstar, Taylor Gordon states that “The lack of access to quality education in black neighborhoods is apart of a vicious cycle that leaves many people in the Black community struggling to fight off poverty”(Gordon, 1). Without a strong educational background and strong familial support the dream of higher education dies for many people in those areas. When one does not have a higher education degree or certificate it is difficult for one to be competitive for jobs leaving them with labor intensive low paying jobs. Many like to think that America is superior to other countries because we have a fluid class system, but in fact we also have bars that keep people from moving classes especially bars against those in the lower
Many would argue that society’s high poverty and unemployment rates are branched from individual failure. It’s believed to be because of the schools in urban communities are failing to properly educate our children. Social class, the haves and have not’s are reasoning for the economic disparity in American. Some individuals are more fortunate than others. Social Class is ‘’a division of a society based on social and economic status: people from different social classes and walks of life” It’s said people living in poverty have lower graduation rates and are more likely to drop out of school.