The system highly encourages the ideals of individualism. The member is responsible for his own actions to take initiative and accomplish personal achievements. The government’s job is to protect these individuals as they strive for their goals, they should not intervene in the economy. The ideals of democratic socialism would be against this way of thinking as they believe in a centrally planned economy that emphasises equality for all classes. They would argue that the capitalist system is prone to unemployment of workers, inflation, and monopolies that causes inequality between members of society.
By stating that he has done no wrong, Kafka has immediately presented Josef as innocent to the reader. This creates an element of mystery amongst the reader which would, therefore, make them question the high courts, making the reader feel pity for Josef due to his innocence and in turn feel sympathetic to Marxist ideas. Furthermore, 'The Trial ' links directly to Marxism as Karl Marx says, “capitalism thrives on exploiting its labourers.” This can be seen in the novel, as Josef who is a hard-working labourer who is
Torres 1 Marlon Torres Professor Canton English 103 3 February 2018 Marxist Criticism and “Bartleby the Scrivener” Introduction The major source of power in "Bartleby, the Scrivener" is the persistence manifestation of heroism through passive resistance and not following the capitalist ideals. A character who resists the ways of the superiors, like Bartleby, plays an important role in breaking the social structures that are present in the society currently. Whenever a person resists what they see to be deviating their principles and standards, they create a rebellion that is not only important to their self-esteem but also powerful. According to Karl Marx who came up with the Marxist criticism, the capitalist society is divided into two groups
Socialism believes in equality for all men, regardless of their abilities. On the contrary, capitalism believes that men are not equal; those with more ability deserve more. Tateh’s thoughts resemble J.P. Morgan’s perspective regarding his superior status in society and therefore, substantiate his support for capitalism. When Tateh comes to realize his egregious actions, he suffers psychologically. He regrets: “When he was alone he reflected on his audacity” (217).
• ECONOMIC JUSTICE Rand propagates economic justice. She believes that justice is a form of adherence to the facts of reality, is the virtue of granting to each man that which he objectively deserves. For example Hank Rearden rejects to hire his worthless brother, Philip: because he feels that he wouldn’t be able to face any man who is competent for the job. The ‘prime movers’ don’t want to deal with businessmen who are afraid of honest competition. Francisco d’Anconia’s justice-oriented actions involve retribution against those who they think can rely on his business judgments.
According to Karl Marx religion provides artificial or illusory happiness to the masses, and leaves man underdeveloped and enslaved. Religion to him is nothing but a tool of suppression, and oppression established by the state to keep the masses under check, or control. It is a tool of governance employed by the capitalist (bourgeois) who are bent on exploiting and manipulating the masses (proletariats). Religion helps man to accept the status quo, and never strives to change it, because he has been made to believe that his poor state is divinely willed, and can’t be changed. This kind of mentality cannot bring about revolution in the society, nor can it help man harness, and develop his intellectual power or rationality in order to achieve his essence.
Machiavelli holds a negative view of the human nature, especially as subjects of a ruler, that describes them as self-interested, selfish, deceitful, and profit-driven during . He believes that men’s loyalty and trust can be lost of won and their goodwill is never absolute. He says, “…in general of men, that they are ungrateful, fickle, false, cowardly, covetous, and as long as you succeed they are yours entirely; they will offer you their blood, property, life, and children, as is said above, when the need is far distant; but when it approaches they turn against you.”( Chapter XVII). The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy discusses the reason behind Machiavelli’s stand on human nature as an explanation of excluding authority and legitimacy from political decision-making, the demoralization of authority to ensure ruler’s ability to acquire and maintain his power. Machiavelli even goes on to advise rulers not to trust mercenary captions because they are ambitious to their own greatness by oppressing their rulers.
Nonetheless, invisibility doesn't originate from prejudice alone. Similarly as toxic for the storyteller are other summed up mindsets about character—thoughts that imagine him as a gear-tooth in a machine rather than a one of a kind person. This is valid for the narrator both at the anonymous dark college and at Liberty Paints. Notwithstanding, it is the Brotherhood, a not at all subtle interpretation of the Communist Party, that turns out to be most baffling for the narrator. The Brotherhood gives an orderly state of mind about the world that cases to be the answer for racism and imbalance.
The theme of responsibility is first encountered in the first part of Act One, where Arthur Birling criticises socialist ‘cranks’ and expresses his own philosophy: ‘a man has to mind his own business and look after himself and his own.’ To ensure that the audience disagrees with this view, he depicts how Arthur Birling is wrong about many things, such as Britain’s ‘steadily increasing prosperity’ in 1912, the ‘impossibility’ of war or how the Titanic is ‘absolutely unsinkable’ - therefore making the audience believe that his capitalist “every man for himself” idea is also wrong. As a socialist, someone who believes in mutual social responsibility, Priestley tries to present a more compelling argument by showing both sides. He accurately characterises the rich and relatively old Arthur Birling as a capitalist/conservative, which is an accurate representation of the typical capitalist/conservative of 1912, which makes the portrayal convincing to the audience. Showing how his beliefs stem from complacency and ignorance makes the audience (to some extent) discredit his self-centered capitalist views on responsibility. Since most of the audience is upper middle class to upper class, they probably agree with this capitalist attitude.
In his essay “The Soul of Man under Socialism”, Wilde affirmed that the misguided humanitarian, promulgated by those on the upper rungs of the social ladder, exacerbated the plight of the poor: “the majority of people spoil their lives by an unhealthy and exaggerated altruism are forced, indeed, so to spoil them” (The Complete Works 1079). For the sake of a better society, Wilde strove for the freedom of every individual, especially the artists, from the rigid set of the “unhealthy and exaggerated altruism”. He stressed the necessity of breaking from the institutionalized moralism that was imposed on individuals by the society, or more accurately, by the hypocritical upper class “who would extol the virtues of charity and compassion for the less fortunate while establishing and supporting the class system responsible for their condition” (Jones