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On the other hand, they also have a disadvantage for patients who suffer from frequent infections. The regular intake of antibiotics triggers antibiotic resistance. This happens when bacteria resist the influences of the antibiotics. Therefore, patients must follow the clinical directions carefully. ( (n.d.).
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(2011). Crohn’s disease: Evidence for involvement of unregulated transcytosis in disease etio-pathogenesis. World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG, 17(11), 1416–1426. doi:10.3748/wjg.v17.i11.1416 Liang, L., Shen, H., De Camilli, P., & Duncan, J. S. (2010). Tracking Clathrin Coated Pits with a Multiple Hypothesis Based Method⋆.
Examples would include immunizing babies and reducing exposure to the risk factors for the disease. Secondary prevention requires the identification of people who the disease process has begun in. This identification occurs prior to the development of symptoms of the disease. This prevention occurs merely to reduce severity and reduce complications. Examples of this would be screening for certain types of cancers such as breast or cervical.
This helps public health authorities to investigate, control and establish preventive measures against disease occurrence (CDC, 2012). Morbidity and mortality reports submitted by healthcare providers or clinical laboratories are considered to be surveillance data. Other examples of health-related data can be health surveys or disease registries. Field investigations are the next step once surveillance is complete. These are carried out by the public health department and require many workers to identify the cause and extent of an epidemic (CDC, 2012).