Prices are not distorted as people speculate for example with houses. Price inflation does have some negative effects on households. Firstly, inflation erodes purchasing power of savings. This means the purchasing power of your dollar goes down and services go up, as your savings buy less goods and services than they did before. It affects the distribution of real income, people on fixed incomes suffer as the purchasing power of their incomes decrease as price levels rise.
Inflation occurs when the buying power of a dollar decreases. “As inflation rises, every dollar you own buys a smaller percentage of a good or service. When prices rise, and alternatively when the value of money falls you have inflation” (Hayes). For this reason a minimum wage increase would never work. If employers are paying employees more then they will raise costs to offset the added expenses.
DISADVANTAGES Long term financial development puts an awful effect on the inhabitants of any nation. Long term economic developments may be identified with expansion, as inflations may increase. Inflations usually increase the cost of products on sale, and as the costs are higher, it will be an issue to the nationality in question to be able to buy their needs There is a limited amount of time involved in the growth of an economy as it involves an increase in GDP. The hypothesis and practice are both diverse. The hypothesis is the thing that economists are able to figure out for themselves; however, to be able to use the hypothesis in reality is the main task.
As was When Government expenditure cut for trying to stop stagflation that causes of economic down turn in stagflation, it is important to stimulate the supply side for that company have to create a new effective machine and reduce cost of manufacturing then aggregate demand of other countries will up. However, a cost of manufacturing decreased, if another country doesn’t want to product or there is nicer price other countries product, unemployment doesn’t up. If could attract other country for new product, aggregate demand of other countries will be up, government should invest in R&D for that. Franklin Roosevelt promised a new deal for the American people. He stabilised the banking system.
The law posits that as supply increases, while other things are kept constant, there is a decline in price and vice-versa. As demand increases, while other things are kept constant, the price tends to increase and when demand declines, the price declines. The economy achieves a state of equilibrium between quantity and price when there is a balance between demand and supply. The law of supply and demand has a big impact on the labor market and consequently, the economy. An increase in wages leads to a decline in supply of goods and services because labor is considered as a business cost.
Cost-push inflation happens when we face higher prices due to the increase in cost of production and higher costs of raw materials. It is determined by supply side factors. Cost-push inflation can be caused by higher price of commodities, imported inflation, higher wages, higher taxes and higher food prices (Economics Help, 2011). Demand-pull inflation happens when there is an increase in the price of goods and services when demand increases too much that it outpaces supply (US Economy, 2015). Sometimes people refer it as “too much money chasing too few goods”.
A more detrimental impact on the current minimum wage in our economy is the inflation rates and the fact that inflation tends to reduce the populations purchasing power of money. According to input by McConnell, Brue, and Flynn, inflation is caused by an excess of total spending that exceeds a firm’s production volume (McConnell Pg 206). In other words, by raising the minimum wage and creating human stimulus, businesses can reach full employment and maximum output. Minimum wage affects inflation because inflation imposes a domino effect in overall economic health and success. Increased costs reduce supply resulting in less total output and employment cuts.
Inflation is the rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services is rising, and, then purchasing power falling over a period of time. When price level rises, dollar buys fewer goods and services. Therefore, inflation results in loss of value of money. Inflation is divided into two categories Cost-push and Demand pull inflation: Cost-push inflation means that prices have been hiked up by increases in costs of any of the four factors of production such as (labor, capital, land or entrepreneurship) when companies are already running at maximum production capability. With higher production costs and productivity at it maximum, companies cannot maintain profits by producing the same amounts of goods and services.
Capital reduction is the process of reducing a firm’s shareholder equity through share repurchases and share cancellations. The reduction of capital method is used if the firm wishes to increase the shareholders’ values and to produce a more efficient capital structure. Hill country can repurchase their shares from the marketplace. A share repurchase not only reduces the number of shares outstanding, it also increases the earnings per share and elevates the market value of the remaining shares in the market. After repurchasing, these shares either will be cancelled or held as treasury shares.
The rational expectations theory is often used to explain expected rates of inflation. For example, if inflation rates within an economy were higher than expected in the past, people take that into account along with other indicators to assume that inflation may further increase in the future. The rational expectations theory also explains how producers and suppliers use past events to predict future business operations. If a company believes that the price for its product will be higher in the future, for example, it will stop or slow production until the price rises. Since the company weakens supply while demand stays the same, the price will increase.