Through the examination of two case studies, the effects of Western dominance that results in global inequities can still be seen today. Lastly, mindful action is proposed to deconstruct the unsustainable Western lifestyle. Since the time that Europeans began to dominate the planet, many scholars attributed their dominance because of they had superior culture and faith. However, Bush, influenced by the work of Jared Diamond, a Pulitzer Prize author and professor of geography, offers evidence that reexamines this narrative and looks at the role geography plays in the rise of European dominance. Europeans’ geographic location was the primary reason for their rise to power.
ANALYSIS This essay presents the chronological development of the phenomenon of immigration in the European Union, and how in this process, the phenomenon has shifted from being a political issue to being a securitized issue. This has been chosen as a topic for this paper because many EU countries today frame immigration as an important security challenge , by coupling it with an increasing fear of “terrorists”, “illegal migrants” and other threats to internal safety. But 70 years ago, this was far from being the case. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to analyse how and why this change has happened. First of all, we are going to frame the analysis in the corresponding theoretical framework.
America had trade routes across the Atlantic ocean which made the economy massive, However the problem was European countries cut those trade routes off with Naval Blockades. Overall the war was caused due to America's thirst for power and because of these circumstances such as the German Naval Policy which allowed America to undisputedly declare war. One of the major reasons America was influenced to declare war was America’s massive power which allowed them to imperialize and capitalize other areas overall growing America's power and economy. Imperialism was one of the ways
Hollywood movies affect national culture in various ways. In one sense, movies could be characterized as America’s storytellers. Hollywood movies „Americanize“ global values and beliefs ,therefore they in a way diminish national culture traits and adapt and reinforce American customs. People tend to copy the ideas,customs and culture of American people or in other words they tend to acculturate. So called „Americanization“ is
Moreover, in his celebrated book he accurately outlined the Theory of Cultural Imperialism in which he discussed a model of “basic relationships that structures power domestically and internationally’’. Schiller’s theory and analysis of cultural Imperialism was an obvious challenge to the Imperial system and the information-communication mechanisms favoring it (Maxwell, 2003). Maxwell (2003) added ‘‘the struggles around these attempts to formulate policy became extremely significant for Schiller, who began to question the forces promoting policy agendas, as well the prospects for such policy in the international system that he had analyzed. One of the most pressing problems, as he saw it, was the threat that entrenched policy discourses posed to the democratic formulation of new national communication policies’’
Today, Europe is facing an identity crisis, which is why the idea of a new European culture course was particularly interesting, as everyone feels they come from a specific country in Europe, but don’t feel European anyways. Furthermore, if this course can be developed, the future policy makers of Europe can solve that identity crisis. 1.1 In the 19th century, Europe faced many ordeals, such as two world wars, a crisis that followed these wars, and a division within itself because of the Cold War. These ordeals have involved the damage of Europe’s unity and its external. When Germany was reunited and the Cold War was at its end, Europe’s integration became one of the main goals of the actors of Europe, which has been achieved by creating the Single Market and the European Union.
The second reason - it's the inability to stop the reaction, grows out of feelings of the people against the neo-liberal globalization, cosmopolitanism, and his denial of the national state. Chapter I The rise of nationalism in Europe ( XXI) By the beginning of the XXI century nationalism has become one of the essential factors in the development of a modern European society. Nationalist movements, primarily the right and the populist right-wing, gaining strength, and political parties, using nationalist rhetoric, succeed in the elections. Nationalist activity system is complemented by the increased activity of right-wing extremists extrasystemic: multiplying attacks on immigrants
Since the 1983 GATT, European member states have come under pressure to liberalise trade in cultural goods, undo systems of cultural subsidies and reduce barriers to the free movement of media related capital. The EU has mediated these moves, within a cultural exemption, by gradually liberalising the EU media industry and introducing stricter regimes for the operation of subsidy and cultural protectionism. Within the EU member states and interest groups have exerted different pressure and taken up varied positions in relation to the development of an internal trade in cultural services. In the EU's treatment of cultural industry growth it is possible to discern a phenomena akin to Karl Polanyi's double movement at work (Polanyi, 1957). In his study of the initial period of the institution of market capitalism in Western Europe, Polanyi identified how market capitalism was instituted in areas previously governed by non market social relations.
Immigration today is a controversial issue for many, although immigrants are the core of this nation. America is formed and ingrained by histories of diverse cultures from all around the world. Multiculturalism is a debatable issue in America. Diverse people have many different views of things, similar or unalike, approve or disapprove. Some people think that multiculturalism is damaging, whereas some others think that multiculturalism is constructive.
Another reason given by the author for the 2010 revision was the object of expansion of applicability of INCOTERMS to the nations which followed the UCC such as the United States of America. My reaction to this reasoning given by the author is that in my opinion, the introduction of the two new trade that were DAT and DAP resulted in laying down clarity so as to the application of the INCOTERMS. While, on one hand, DAT provided for implementation of INCOTERMS in cases which involve that the unloading of goods is done at the cost of the seller and the risk of the seller, on the other hand, DAP provided clarity so as the usage of INCOTERMS in cases which involve specific intimation so as to the appropriate place at which the goods are to be delivered. With respect to the second reason given by the author, I feel that it was a wise step taken by ICC as it resulted in application of INCOTERMS to the nations such as The United States of America which follow the rules laid down by the Uniform Commercial Code. Moreover, the extension of INCOTERMS was also necessitated by the very fact that the Uniform Commercial Code removed and eliminated their own definitions of trade