Influence Of Confucianism

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The Influence of Confucianism, Legalism, and Buddhism on Chinese Empires and Society
The history of the ancient China is filled with explorations and reforms of the most suitable, effective, and adaptable state ideology for different empires and the society ruled. Up till Tang dynasty, since the early emperors themselves had little idea what would be ideal and what would not, different ideologies were endorsed in a much experimental way, among which three major ideologies played important roles in shaping the Chinese empires that advocated them and affecting the values and behaviors of the society under the rule of these empires. These three ideologies are Legalism, Confucianism, and Buddhism, and were adopted by Qin, Han, and Tang dynasty respectively. However, these three ideologies differ from each other in many dimensions, including the first premise on human nature, the view on law versus morality, and the philosophy of government. Legalism, the state ideology of Qin Dynasty, sought the best way to build a power central government and emphasized on the importance of law over ethical morality. Through famous political reforms such as Lord Shang 's Reform during Zhanguo Period and the burning of books and burying of the scholars in Qin Dynasty, legalism challenged the popular ideologies Confucianism and forced the society to shift their focus on Li (courtesy) to Fa (law). With the fell of Qin and the rise of Han dynasty, Confucianism was appreciated again by Emperor Wu

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