Chapter 17 Margin Notes- Atlantic Revolutions and Their Echoes 1) In what ways did the ideas of the Enlightenment contribute to the Atlantic Revolution? The Enlightenment ideas contributed to the Atlantic Revolution because people believed that the ideas were telling them to fight for liberty, natural rights, equality, and free trade, provided which provided the intellectual underpinnings of the Atlantic Revolutions. The Enlightenment also promoted the idea that human political, and social, arrangements could be engineered and improved, by human action. The Enlightenment was one of the causes of the French Revolution which in turn led to many of the Latin American Revolutions of the 1820’s. 2) What was revolutionary about the American Revolution, and what was not?
The settlers at Jamestown were members of the Anglican faith, the official Church of England. The colony was a representative government. The first representative legislative assembly in America convened in Jamestown’s Church at the end of July 1619, and it underlined that the colonists would have some say in running their own affairs. The Virginia colonists settled in the territory of the Powhatan Indians; the unstable relationship had already begun. Vast differences in culture, philosophies, and the English desire for dominance because they saw the Natives as savages, were obstacles too great to overcome.
This is perhaps most important as they help his argument the most. In the letter, Banneker alludes to the Bible and the declaration of independence. Alluding to these texts is very effective, because they are important to Jefferson, since he was a religious man, and helped write the declaration of Independence. He uses the declaration of independence to argue against slavery when after quoting it, Banneker says to Jefferson that, even though you were convinced that god created all men equal, you still own slaves. He is basically calling Jefferson a hypocrite and making him question his morality.
Perhaps one of the strengths of the theory civil religion lives in its lack of a unified definition. This gives room for this theory to develop or change to adapt to the complexity of politics in America, as our readings are all focused in America politics. The term civil religion first coined by Jean-Jacques Rousseau but it was Robert Bellah who imported this term to America and later popularized this concept. Bellah (1967), with a neo-Durkheimian perspective, argued that American civil religion is a “public religious dimension (that) is expressed in a set of beliefs, symbols, and rituals.” (Bellah 42) Civil religion is not any specific religion per se, rather, the connection of the worldly society to a higher transcendent sovereignty.
The 1800s were a time of development, less people were worried about their faith, yet the bible was still used a model for their daily life’s. Dr. Daniel Dreisbach a professor at American University said,” the bible was the most common book” back in the early years and in the beginning of the country nearly everyone had a bible, and many of the founders were involved in many bible projects. When looking in to the past rather than being loyal to their religion most people valued the bible, most of the time religion just separated people in groups. Dr. Dreisbach quotes, “generations of Americans look to the bible for a mode” of Government, power separation, duel process, and how a person should be. people used and still use the bible as a “moral compass”, to say that religion had immense influence in the history of America, it’ll be simpler to just say that religion and the bible lead many important people to become who they were, and made
American independence was inevitable. One main objective for most immigrants when making the initial move to the western world (in ***** century) was to escape religious persecution and seek religious freedom. This initial search for religious freedom, in my opinion, was the beginning of the inevitable separation between Great Britain and the United States. This opportunity of individual expression was something that people in this time period had never experienced before, and led to the questioning of other aspects in their life that had previously been determined by the crown. While the new religious opportunities and emphasis on a more individualized lifestyle got the ball rolling towards American independence, Great Britain’s government
Thus, by the 1600 's, educated people were postulating whether natural laws governed society and the universe (lecture cite). Essentially, the Enlightenment challenged the role of religion and divine right. This assisted Colonial America is seeing that it was possible to challenge the King and divine right. The movement ended up taking a scientific approach to the world and human nature as it challenged the role of God. It allowed people to see that
N.T. Wright’s book How God Became King discusses the key themes of the New Testament gospels and why he thinks they have been commonly misinterpreted by the church. Wright’s thesis is essentially that the creeds, which the early church developed as tangible statements of faith, oversimplify the content and the purpose of the gospels. The reality is that, by oversimplifying the gospels or by leaving out certain parts, it decreases the apparent value of the gospels. Wright’s point is that everything in the Old Testament is leading up to the ultimate climax of the New Testament, but without a proper understanding of its purpose, it has become increasingly easy to miss the point.
The Enlightenment thinkers believed that the world could be known, managed and shaped those who live in it. To start, thinkers began to criticize the belief that the Earth was the center of the universe, a belief that was upheld by the church. One of the scientists to discover evidence to prove this was a Polish scholar by the name of Nicolaus Copernicus. In the year 1543, Copernicus wrote “On the Revolutions of Heavenly Spheres.” In his publication, Copernicus proposed a something that revolutionary at the time. He proposed that the Earth, in fact, was not the center of the universe, but that the sun was at the center and that Earth was just one numerous other planets that rotate around it.
Their purpose was to spread the word of God and the ideals of their faith. While many puritans roamed America, there were other religions that became apparent during this time. One of those religions was Deism, a faith Benjamin Franklin followed himself. The Deism religion was almost a complete opposite of that of Puritanism. Despite the fact that they both praised the same God, Puritans and Deists had different views and stances on different aspects in life.
This conclusion most likely comes from ideas stated in the “Mayflower Compact”. This document was written to govern the Plymouth colony founded in 1620. The settlers formed the colony to escape religious persecution from their home country. Because the settlers were of the same faith, they based the Mayflower Compact on the teachings of Christianity. This agreement between the Puritan settlers of Plymouth was the first form of government created in the new world, however, it was not the form of government on which our country was founded.
They believed in America they could establish a colony whose government, society, and church were all bases on the Bible. In the 1630’s the Puritans set sail for America. They did not wish break with the Church of England, like the Pilgrims did; they only sought to reform it. They also believed that people existed for the glory of God, and that their first concern was to do God’s will and so to receive future happiness. Basically, if they honored their duties to God, they would be blessed; if they did not, they would be punished.
American Puritanism was a religious movement that surfaced within the Church of England during the 17th century. A group of people known as the Puritans had a longstanding conflict with the Church, dating back to the mid 1500s. The Puritans strove to “purify” the Anglican Church of Roman Catholic principles and over time grew weary of the lack of change, their dissatisfaction driving them to North America with hopes of a new beginning. With new land underfoot and an entire sea between the Puritans and their old life, they were free to practice religion as they had desired for so long. This is how American Puritanism began.
Almost all Americans have heard the phrase “separation of church and state.” However, fewer realize the magnitude of the phrase. Contrary to some people’s beliefs, the majority of the Founding Fathers were deists or had a belief in a God who created the universe but does not interact with it. They understood how religion could ruin governments and needed to be separated in their new nation. The Founding Fathers purposefully left out religion from all government documents and never mentioned the Bible or other religious text while creating the United States. Ken Ham is the CEO of Answers in Genesis and is a leader in the Christian creationist movement; he writes many articles on the Answers in Genesis website.