The European Imperialism in Africa and Asia Imperialism started in the late eighteenth century and continued to the early 1900s when Europeans took over different countries to obtain economic, political and social power. The five reasons behind imperialism were exploratory, ethnocentric, political, religious, and economic. Exploratory meant people went to a new area of land to learn more about it and discover new things. Ethnocentric meant they wanted to spread their beliefs, cultures and customs that they thought were correct and religion reasons were similar because they wanted to spread their religion. Political reasons were so that they could obtain power and economically, they wanted to make money through trade and new businesses.
We delve into such a topic today, but first, how did the British get to India? While the Mughal empire was collapsing (the last seat of power before the British came) The East India Company came Hailing from the great British empire to seek out India’s potential and profit. After the sepoy rebellion in 1857 the British government came at the beck and call of the company to take over. India was no longer a trade partner, it was now a colonie.
The citizens of the American colonies were trying to get out from the rule of King George III and the French leader was King Louis XVI and King Louis XVII. Both revolutions also took place
During the 1600’s Queen Elizabeth I of Britain granted the British East India Company a monopoly within India. Thus leading the British East India Company to take control of trade in India. As they took control they relied on the Indians to help the company flow and stay protected, they chose the Indians to help them because they knew the land. The British East India Company used strong military might, bribery and extortion, instilling fear to keep Indians and rivals in law. As the company grew it became considered the world's first transnational company.
Imperialism Position Paper In the mid-1800s the British extended their power by taking control over India, leaving a detrimental impact on their nation both socially and politically after ultimately exploiting their people, leaving them on the verge if not already lost to starvation, and consciously stripping many of them of their self-governance rights. The British throughout their rule mistreated the natives, and clearly disregarded their well being after allowing them to starve, and exhausting their workers for their own personal gain. The age of imperialism in India began in the mid-1700s as the British East India Company began to gain greater political influence and power.
In Africa, there were people of Dutch ancestry, called the Boers who established the Cape, and the other was of British ancestry who conquered the Cape. As a result, there was strife between the two groups. When the British conquered the Cape, they forced their culture and law onto the Afrikaners. This included the ending of slavery. As a result, Afrikaners left the Cape and went east to create their own regions.
By doing so, indirectly Europeans hindered the development of African societies and caused them to stagnate. Routes like the Triangular Trade were established, which shipped goods to Africa in exchange for slaves, and shipped those slaves to the New World for production of even more goods. When the Europeans had showed up to Africa, major trade hubs that spanned the Sahara to Egypt, existed, trading spices, salt, and other luxuries (Lect. 2, 1/22). However, the outstretched arms of colonization proceeded with a “better” plan, to remove any inkling of progress that could define an advanced African society. Slaves were taken from West Africa, prisoners from inland regions and taken out to the coast to be shipped off the New World and the colonies (Lect. 3, 1/25).
How does Heart of Darkness comment on the theme Imperialism? Imperialism in general refers to the power of a country over another country or the power of a person over another person. According to Evans the Scramble for Africa (1880-1900) was the era of imperialism. The Europeans leaders were fighting among themselves to colonize the African continent because Africa was rich in ivory.
He believed that Indians poverty resulted from the English factories that make the cloth that the Indians are wearing. Gandhi protested against this by encouraging the Indians to spin their own cloth and only wear homespun fabric like himself. The film shows the Indian’s cooperation to this idea when they all burned the cloths into the huge fire. Another way the British were exploiting the Indian’s resources was by their control of salt. A royal monopoly on salt makes it illegal for anyone to make salt and could
After the British began to export India’s natural resources not having the resources put a lot of people into poverty resulting in one more problem for the Indian
There are economic, cultural, and political are the effects of the industrial revolution and European imperialism on both European nations and their colonies during the time period 1700-1914. European nations gained oversea colonies in North and South America, Africa and Asia. The European nations conquer Africa because they needed raw materials. European-introduced European culture, language, and religion to Africa. The European opened schools in Africa, which teach in the European language and spread Christianity.
Europe, Africa, and the Americas each had intelligent societies developed in them. However, geography of the territories they lived in contributed to the development of these civilizations. Civilizations that lived close to each other often influenced or inspired each other. Moreover, civilizations often took from their predecessors. A key example of this is when the Aztecs destroyed and took over the Toltec Native American’s land.
Imperialism in the long run was beneficial for most countries and people. Things that imperialism did was that the europeans advanced very quickly because they had more resources to use. And imperialism inspired a lot of new ideas. They made schools for the kids to learn. Even though they took Over the other places so they could get more resources they still shared some of the technology.
By the year 1885, European imperialism in Africa was in full flight. Imperialism is the belief that a person or a group of people is superior to another person or group. Europeans strongly believed they were more important than the Africans. Because of this, they took Africa for themselves. Strong driving forces during this imperialism was resources, power, and technology.