One powerful king ruled from 1230-1255 A.D that king was Sundiata. He led his people through the conquering and also the expanding of the kingdom so it could be as great as the Ghana kingdom was. However the greatest and most powerful king of Mali was Mansa Musa, who ruled from 1312-1337, he helped his kingdom become very wealthy and powerful through the salt and gold trade of Mali. King Mansa Musa was known as a Muslim he also built mosques, a muslim place of worship, in western Africa. Mansa Musa took a journey in 1324 to Mecca along with 60,000 attendants and 4,000 pounds of gold carried by 80 camels to give to the poor.
Islam is the second biggest religion and fastest growing in the world today. Islam is a religion that Muslims follow and is a monotheistic faith regarded as revealed through Muhammad as the prophet of Allah. For Muslims, Muhammad is the last prophet and Abraham is the patriarch of the Qur’an, Bible and Torah. Islam is followed by over a billion people and Muslims make up approximately one quarter of the world’s population. Islam spread quickly during the 600’s trade, choice, and conquest.
While Europe was plagued with diseases and constant warfare, Islamic kingdoms in Africa were prospering. After the fall of the Kingdom of Ghana, the Mali Empire rose to dominate Western Africa. It became one of the most prominent states in the Islamic world, in large part due to Musa Keita I. Considered to be one of the richest people to ever live, he has been credited with making the Mali Empire a cultural center in the Islamic world. Musa’s pilgrimage to Mecca, which not only was one of the grandest journeys in history but also had a significant influence on numerous kingdoms and the spread of Islam in Africa.
Mansa Musa was the most known African ruler in the fourteenth century. He was an emperor of the Mali empire. He went on a Religious Pilgrimage to the Mecca which is required now by every Muslim at least once during their entire life. On this four thousand mile trip to Mecca, Musa was able to ensure peace and prosperity in west Africa for decades due to the peace and connections that he established with the middle eastern and European rulers. He was crowned emperor in 1323 and he became the first Muslim ruler in west Africa.
Timbuktu was one of the most important cities among them in Africa. Traders were among the first to convert to Islam in Western Africa because of the social connection they can obtain through it. They would convert other people along the routes and bring back scholars and many well -educated people to increase their power over the people. Ibn batuta was one of the most famous of the scholars and he instituted Islam also. Overall, the trade route was mostly used for spread of wealth and power, from scholars and educated from Swahilis Bantu collection of
The Abbasid dynasty was very inclusive to many people, given the time period. This imperial territory extended from Spain along the coast of North Africa, through the Mediterranean basin, the Middle East, Central Asia, and even over to northwest India. (Gettleman, 2003, 7-8) This dynasty rules for 500 years as Sunnis and brought the Golden Age of Islam. This period of great prosperity for the Islamic world occurred during the Dark Ages of Western Europe. The fact that Europe was in an economic and cultural depression after the decline of the Roman Empire greatly assisted the growth of the Islamic empire.
After 60 years of colonial rule, Nigeria finally gained her independence on October 1st, 1960. Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa. Located in West Africa and the trigger of the African continent, Nigeria boasts a population of over 190 million people ranking her among the top 10 most populous in the world. Nigeria has three major tribes and languages which
British and French European countries were considered the biggest winners in the “race” to size African colonies in 1914. By 1885 the only two African countries to remain independent was Ethiopia and Liberia. (Doc A) John Ruskin announced in his lecture at Oxford University February 8, 1870 that the colonist “first aim” should be “to advance the power of England by land and by sea” This influence that John had for the European countries was a great impact for imperialism in Africa . Great Britain made about 3 million dollars from exports to South Saharan Africa in 1854 and this number increased to 20 million in 1900. This change in rate of growth for exports in Great Britain was a cause for competition in Africa among the European countries with the resources Africa was providing such as copper, zinc, lead, and coal.
The Mali Empire was located along the Niger River and included even more land than the Empire before it, Ghana. Like its predecessors, they also participated in salt and gold trade. Mali had a famous Muslim leader by the name of Mansa Musa. He spread Islam throughout West Africa and went on a famous pilgrimage to Mecca. He also supported education and Islam so he had scholars set up schools and mosques in Mali.
Introduction: The Abbasid Caliphate, who ruled the Islamic world after the Ummayads, portrayed the golden era of the Islamic civilization. The Abbasid’s ruled the Islamic civilization from 750 to 1258 AD, causing it to be one of the greatest, most powerful, and most leading Islamic dynasties that ever existed. The Abbasid’s early history shows how it was one of the biggest empires ever established as it spread all the way from Far East to far west. This allowed the Abbasids to capture some of the important values and traditions of those cultures that they dominated. The rise of the Abbasid The Abbasid Dynasty started as result of the revolution they conducted against the Umayyad’s dynasty because of the hatred the Umayyad’s had towards many groups that have all gathered under the name of the Abbasid.