Influence Of Romanticism In Literature

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1) Introduction
The word gothic, although usually perceived as a person with a specific fashion statement, is a subculture consisting of different elements: architecture, music and literature. With Horace Walpole’s The Castle of Otranto being published anonymously in 1764 [1], a whole new literary subgenre of Romanticism was born - which had a major impact on the development and shaping of punk music and aesthetic later on. While gothic did exist simultaneously with and within romanticism, this was not unique and also the case for other literary movements: realism, transcendental movement (in America) and existentialism [2]. Romanticism ended with the start of Victorian period whilst gothic was yet to cease to exist. This caused gothic fiction to split up into different categorizations, each category taking elements from the movements that exist concurrently.
It is expected for certain novels have influence on the reader’s thoughts, especially ideologies and attitude to life. While some might be fascinated with Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice and look out for naive love, others might adopt a more pessimistic outlook after reading Animal Farm by George Orwell. Likewise, it is plausible to conclude that a certain group of people who share the same subculture, which is mainly originated from literature, to have similar outlooks or interests. Besides Horace Walpole, many beloved poets and authors such as E.T.A Hoffman (especially with his novel Nachtstücke, 1817) [3] or Robert
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