The Indian Removal Act was put in place to get land from the Indians to expand America. Courts told Jackson that he couldn 't take the Indians land. While the law was passed by congress. Andrew Jackson didn 't care he forced them walk to new land and hundreds of Indians died which was the Trail of Tears.
America in the 1830’s was bigger than it had ever been, and expansion was just beginning. Americans were packing up their belongings and moving west to start new states, new cities and new lives for their families. Thomas Jefferson’s idea of Manifest Destiny was truly coming to light but sadly, it came at the expense of the many Native American tribes. Following the Indian Removal Act of 1830 that was signed by the current President Andrew Jackson, many Native American tribes living in what was now southeast America, were forced to leave their homes and migrate west. The removal of these tribes left more land for white Americans to settle in without the threat of attacks from Native tribes.
“Sell a country! Why not sell the air, the clouds, and the great sea, as well as the earth? Did not the Great Spirit make them all for the use of his children?” This quote describes when the colonies wanted to kill the American Indians that settled in part of America so they could expand east from west and colonize. Tecumseh says this because the great spirit didn’t make the country of united states for the Indian Americans, both elderly and infants to be killed and taken away from their homes.
There was a popular assumption, which can be tied to a quote by General Sheridan , that “The only good Indians I ever saw were dead ones.” This quote captures a popular attitude of Anglo-Americans during this time. Due to the constant struggle for resources between the Native Americans and the settlers, wars between the two were inevitable. The white men wanted the lands that belonged to the Native Americans and they were convinced that, because of what they considered the uncivilized nature of the Native Americans, there was no way they could coincide with the Native Americans. This presumption was due to the biased outlooks that the Anglo Americans had toward Native Americans culture. Due to these attitudes toward the Native Americans the settlers set out to acquire their lands.
Stannard addresses this as the “‘invisible’ population loss,” because the settlers would have had no idea that these people had even died, since they hadn’t even reached that specific land yet [Stannard 268]. Furthermore, before the Spanish reached the pueblos in the southwest, the pueblo population could have been depleted due to epidemics [Upham 227-228]. The invisible population loss is what is still widely debated today as there is no way for researchers to know for sure exactly how many natives died. Nonetheless, Upham and Stannard both supply compelling evidence suggesting that this did happen, which severely depleted the populations prior to contact with Europeans in the New
Robert Lindneux displayed the Native Americans looking deathly tired and weak during the Trail of Tears. There were many of them all ages moving by horse, wagon, or walking. This shows Robert Lindneux wants us to visualize the hardship that Native Americans were forced into. The painting was created after the Westward expansion showing that it was not a good idea. William Weatherford, in “Adventures Among Indians”, stated “...my people are all gone--I can do no more than weep over the misfortunes of my nation.
Andrew Jackson, the seventh president of the United States, was known as the main supporters of the Indian Removal Act of 1830. Jackson believed that Native Americans were evil and could not be taught. When he became president, that was just the beginning of his legacy. The main goal in the 1830’s, was to rid of the Native Americans that lived in the Southeast areas. Also, Jackson wanted to gain more land, and that is why he pushed for the Act.
While white settlers bought up lottery tickets and a chance at Cherokee land, the Georgia Legislature began to pass new laws that would override Cherokee sovereignty. Georgia ruled that meetings of the Cherokee Legislature and courts would be illegal and anyone living on Cherokee land and not Cherokee were subject to approval under Georgia law. Some would blatantly reject these imposes of Georgia, one being Samuel Worchester, a white missionary who lived in Cherokee territory for years was jailed and sentenced to “hard labor.” Georgia state legislator’s efforts, were in essence to write the Cherokees out of existence, ignoring the nation’s constitution, borders and laws in the pursuit of Cherokee land. When Cherokee’s approached President
The British lost 300 men killed, wounded, or missing. With these many casualties for the British, it was safe to say that no petition was going to sort out what went down at Lexington and Concord. The Americans tried anyways and desperately, with an attempt to restore peace, The Olive Branch Petition was adopted by Congress and sent directly to King George III. The king refused to read the petition and patriots realized Parliament was acting with the knowledge and royal support. This further angered more and more colonists, while Thomas Paine’s, Common Sense intensified it
In the book I Wish I’d Been There, there are two chapters that can easily be compared, the McGillivray Moment and Chief Joseph Surrenders, for they both had to do with Native Americans, and how they were kicked off their land. Both were made promises that weren’t kept,by American Generals. even if meant twisting the rules of war and going against the law.
What also triggered war was weakening relations with the Indians in the West. While the government tried to remove them from their lands to make room for settlers, they tried to civilize the Indians the best they could. The Indians that were acquired through the Louisiana Purchase were now significantly outnumbered by white settlers, and some tribes began to take on white ways of life, such as slavery and agriculture. Other Indians, called nativists, wanted to completely exterminate European influences and defy the settlement of their lands. The vote to declare war on Britain in 1812 reflected a divided nation between North and South.
In fact, due to the Constitution’s lack of addressing the Indian situation the U.S. was forced to fight and win the Battle of Fallen Timbers which led to the Treaty of Greenville in 1795. In the treaty, American Indian tribes ceded most of Ohio and Indiana to the United States in exchange for yearly grants of federal money- which only subjugated the tribes further as they are now dependent on the Federal Government. This does not promote social happiness.
Throughout the nineteenth century, most white settlers viewed Native Americans as lesser people and who were no better than animals. However, the thoughts about the survivability of Native Americans were in sharp contrast. Many commentators believed that American Indians were unable to evolve to sustain their prehistoric lifestyle and would soon die off. Others thought American Indians were instead able to endure the rapid change and would survive. With rumors and myths spreading rapidly, it became abundantly clear that in the nineteenth century Native Americans were widely viewed as a dying race although there were the occasional reports on the success and survivability of American Indian groups.
Melanie Mata 11th Grade U.S. History Thandi G. 3/13/17 https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/ap-us-history/period-6/apush-american-west/a/indian-wars Topic: Native American Experiences Over Time Native Americans are an important part of the culture of the United States. While their people have inhabited the United States for thousands of years, today their numbers are dwindling. From Columbus's arrival to America up until modern day life, Native American tribes have been oppressed by white settlers.