In order for them to support the war, the government used propaganda to evoke feelings of nationalism. While the United States joined the war as an opportunity to get revenge on Japan, propaganda was often censored to guarantee that Americans only saw the damage Japanese soldiers had done to Americans. To insure that Americans would not be put off and maintain the desire for war, images of dead Americans were prevented from being published to the public. (“Supporting Evidence”). Government officials knew that citizens were unable to withstand the gruesome photos taken of the realities of the war.
The Korean War emerged after the Soviet Union intended to spread Communism around the world; it began with China, following to North Korea, intending to reach the South area. Communism represented a threat to the United States since the latter “prized the concepts of personal liberty and freedom of political organization” (Staff, 2010), while the former aimed a society that followed Karl Marx’s motto: from each according to his ability, to each according to his need. During the Red Scare—national anti-communism movement—the United States saw Communism as a threat, the United States firmly believed that engaging into a war that fought the spread of Communism was for the common good. The Just Ad Bellum principle states that for a war to be just, it must be declared openly by a proper sovereign authority. However, the United States’ participation was not declared by the U. S. Congress, but when North Korean’s intention to take over South Korea were identified, President Harry Truman “ordered naval and air forces into action.” (Greenspan, 2013) The United States just intentions were based on stopping the spread of Communism not only within the nation, but internationally wide.
Japan attacked Hong Kong as it was under Britain, which were their enemies, and it would be a jab to them if they lost, and the Japanese were on a train ride, with every stop being another success; after winning against China, a huge country, Hong Kong didn’t seem like a strong opponent. And since they had just attacked Pearl Harbour and taken away multiple vessels from the USA, they knew that America would have cared more about Pearl Harbour. They also knew that the land was good land to own, as it can work in many different strategic ways. And in order to be able to collect this piece of land, the Japanese needed a large amount of soldiers. In the category of manpower, they delivered, as they sent 50,000 men, whereas the defence,
Thus, the United States entered into the Chinese Civil War to restrain the growth of communism in China and to defend United States country to balance its power with the Soviet Union, so that the Soviet Union could not become the most powerful state. United States is a country that has a super power after World War II with the Soviet Union, but in the Chinese Civil War United States lost this war when siding with China nationalist party. And in this case I assume that with the resignation of the United States while helping the Chinese nationalist party, because if the United States increasingly help Chinese nationalist party, the faster growth of the Chinese Communist Party. This is because the Chinese communists will continue to expand the territory of the continuing war between the Communist Party of China with the Chinese nationalist party. And it makes more and more followers of communism in China.
The Burma Campaign was in South-East Asia in World War II and was fought by the forces of the British Empire and China, with support from the United States, against the Empire of Japan, Thailand, and the Indian National Army. Burma was one of the worst affected areas in World War II. In Burma, the Japanese Army military setbacks which led to them retreating to the east. The Japanese wanted to take over Yangon, the capital and also a popular seaport. This is because it would close the supply line to China and provide more resources to the Japanese.
The Chinese ruling class was instead opposed to the reform in China. The conservatives worried that changes in the reform will threaten themselves and weakened their power. The Hundred Days’ Reform is a great demonstration of how the power struggle resist the reform in China. The reform was short-lived, changes in political, social and military, economic system were proposed but were merely in paper due to opposition from the conservative Chinese official and the empress Cixi, who felt threatened by the changes, reformers backing the reform were then caught and executed. (Fairbank, Goldman, 1992) The reformation in China faced major opposition and thus the reform in China mainly focused in implementing western innovation and technology and little is changed in the more controversy political and legal
In a letter from George Washington to Robert Orme, Washington “expressed an Inclination to serve the ensuing Campaigne as a Volunteer” referring to the topic, the French and Indian war, to be on America’s side of the conflict. This proved to be a wise choice considering Washington himself would become a main force in the later Revolutionary War and eventually become the first President of the United States, proving that Washington had indeed a certain hostility towards the opposing British. Another document, a map of America pre-war and post-war denotes just how hostile France’s relations with Britain’s are, as it is shown that France’s percentage of land was taken away immensely after the war unfolded. France also showed a growing bond with America through a mutual hate of the world’s bully,
In Latin America, it was the Roosevelt Corollary of 1904 that stated U.S. police made sure debts got paid, and European countries won’t invade. This was probably used as an excuse to come over known as “Big Stick Diplomacy." The Dollar Diplomacy, written by William H. Taft, encouraged and protected American businesses in foreign countries. In China, the Open-Door Policy in 1899, which gave nation’s equal rights in China, resulted in Bower Rebellion in 1900 that wanted foreigners out of China. Although U.S. takes down the rebellion, the country made certain colonization (other countries splitting the nation for their own power) stop in China .
How do you assess Mao 's foreign policy? Explain the logic, successes and failures After years of Civil War between the Communists and Nationalists, Mao Zedong proclaimed the People‘s Republic of China (PRC) on October 1, 1949. Thereby, the Communists replaced the Republic of China (ROC) which was under the sovereignty of Chiank Kai-shek, leader of the Kuomintang. The government of Chiank had to flee from Chinese mainland to Taiwan. The transition of power in China changed the dynamics of post-World War II relations.
Minh’s upbringing inside the Imperial City was shaped by the Nguyen Dynasty’s anticolonial sentiment, which held slight control inside the citadel until 1945. The recapture of Minh’s hometown would have been as significant to him as Stalingrad was to Stalin. With the Vietnam War in a stalemate, Ho Chi Minh intended to ignite a revolution against the American foreign influence. The ability to refute the American impression that the war was coming to an end was a key consideration while shaping of the Tet Offensive. It is for this reason, that Huế became an important objective.
His predictions proved to be incorrect. As U.N. Forces advanced north of the 38th parallel, they found themselves facing Chinese forces. MacArthur wanted to start the war with China, Truman was against this. Douglas MacArthur stated, “It seems strangely difficult for some to realize that here in Asia is where the communist conspirators have elected to make their play for global conquest, and that we have joined the issue thus raised on the battlefield; that here we fight Europe 's war with arms while the diplomats there still fight it with words; that if we lose the war to communism in Asia the fall of Europe is inevitable, win it and Europe most probably would avoid war and yet preserve freedom.
 The idea of containment was first proposed by U.S. diplomat George F. Kennan, during the presidency of U.S. president Harry S. Truman, to stop the spread of communism.  Kennan proposed that the United States aid in the development of democratic countries by giving them economic and political support, military equipment and training, and also waging war against communist regimes if necessary. Rebels would be given support so that they could overthrow the ruling communist governments. Kennan 's ideas were heavily criticized by newspapers, but his idea of blocking the expansion of Soviet influence remained a key interest and main strategy of the United States throughout the Cold War. Containment was first used during the Korean War in which NATO forces intervened and fought off North Korean and Chinese forces from taking over all of Korea and creating a communist government.
At the end of World War Two, the American public, political scientists, government officials, and Winston Churchill share the opinion that long-term hostilities between America and Soviet Russia were inevitable. In February of 1946, special advisor George Kennan confirms an existing political threat from Soviet Russia his “Long Telegram”. Since Kennan’s transmission, American foreign policy objectives became equated to American containment of communism. Determining which President achieves the most and least effective leadership requires establishing a metric. At the risk of generalizing, the criteria for effective American Presidential leadership during the Cold War is: establishing and executing effective foreign policy; protecting American