Influence Of The Truman Doctrine

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How did the Truman Doctrine influence on the U.S. relation policy economically of Taiwan in 1952-1965?

Introduction:

In 1947 before the Cold War, the U.S. President Harry S. Truman gave out his policy of containment, Truman doctrine, which is known as the first declaration of the Cold War. It demonstrated that the United States would help any nation both economically and militarily to protect its democracy from the communism and avoid its spread (Truman Doctrine of 1947). After the World War II, the United States had been aware of the rising of communism since the event of George Kennan’s long telegram. It was alarmed by the increased number of nations in Europe and Asia adopting the communist government in the 1940s. When the United Kingdom notified the United States that it could no longer supply the
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The Nationalists led by Chiang Kai-shek and Communists led by Mao Zedong both aspired to central authority. A renewal of the Chinese civil war followed. Washington sought to apply its standard solution to such civil conflict, but had failed through time (Kissinger 89). In 1949, defeated by the Communists on the mainland, Nationalists troops fall back to the island Taiwan. Through the Chinese Civil war, the United States had been supporting Chiang by transporting the Nationalists troops to northern Chinese cities to preempt the Communist armies from taking the victory of Japanese surrender in World War II (Kissinger 98). On one hand it sympathized Chiang Kai-shek as a wartime ally, and on the other it wanted to maintain the position of democratic. Mao’s victory was greeted with dismay in Washington and arose a debate over who had “lost” China (Kissinger 98). However, the United States believed that the Nationalists government in Taiwan would eventually take its seats back and return to Mainland China since it retained the Chinese seat in the United Nations Security

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