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Western Civilization: Revolution And The Enlightenment

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Western Civilization: Revolution and The Enlightenment Introduction By 1700, the Western civilization had already experienced an exceptional transformation in terms of revolution and enlightenment. Most of the Western nations begun embracing freedom of the press under the influence of exiled protestants who pioneered journals and newspapers targeting absolutism. Emerging social circles encouraged the establishment of civil societies which made the quest for knowledge and political ambitions to thrive. Furthermore, they trained social criticism which shaped the discovery of revolutionary liberalism. Accordingly, new societies emerged and acted as learning institutions for new ideas and innovative practices with a common purpose. Consequently,…show more content…
She was an ambitious ruler who expanded the Russian territory and improved on her administrative potential through the policy of transitioning to Western ideas and traditions. Through her authority, Russia became powerful against European and Asian authorities. During her rule in Russia, she was keen on both domestic and foreign affairs while maintaining her dedication to Russia and the Russian Orthodox faith. She emphasized on reforms and improvement of social conditions driven by the Enlightenment course. Additionally, she resorted in advancing Russia’s Education system during her reign. Accordingly, she transformed Russia’s traditional Code of Laws and adopted “The Instruction,” which caused a stir all over Europe because of its sophisticated nature. The Instruction proposed a system providing equal protection under the law for every individual and protection of criminal activities contrary to harsh punishment for committed crimes. As a result, she continued the enlightenment reforms and further increasing central control of the Russian states. Moreover, her reign saw the emergence of Russia as a modern state both politically and…show more content…
His musical influence spread the Italian musical style which at that time dominated Europe. Moreover, his opera’s focused on social and moral issues which affected the European society and their musical authority disregarded the social class divide which was common during that period. His orchestrated musical style influenced his follower Beethoven who commercialized the opera music platform and gained success all over the divided European social class. Mozart’s influence across Europe spread through royal piano performances in addressing social and political issues, a factor that highly contributed to the modernization in Europe. Conclusion The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment, therefore, played an important role in the political civilization of Europe by inspiring the spirit of curiosity in many fields of learning and offering an investigative approach in determining concepts and ideas. Consequently, they prompted religious sects to rethink their belief in God and how people perceived the natural world. Accordingly, the Scientific Revolution offered a fundamental basis in modern science, while the enlightenment revolutionized various aspects of the society, leadership, and reasoning in multiple
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