Sickle cell disease prevents one of the body 's most fundamental re-sources, the blood, from adequately transporting oxygen to the tissue, which can result in organ damage and many other related complications. A sickle cell related "crisis" can be extremely painful for patients, and deadly in some cases. Both quality of life and life expectancy are reduced for sickle cell patients, even when the disease is optimally managed with existing therapies, blood transfusions, vitamin regimens and a host of other precautions. "An ISU student died March 12 from complications of Sickle Cell Anemia there is no cure for Sickle Cell Anemia" (Indiana Statesman 2004). Sickle cell disease is a group of disorders that affects hemoglobin.
The Plagues and Vector-Borne Diseases that Should be Considered Plagues Plague. What is it? In Layman terms, it is basically the transmission of potential life threatening bacteria from the environment to human beings. Plague infected organisms are highly contagious and the chances of surviving from plague are also slim as often there is either lack of proper medical attention or not having a cure for the particular plague . Recently there have been various strains of bacteria that have acted as plague bacterium as they have similar characteristics as the original plague had.
Takayasu Arteritis Takayasu arteritis is a rare condition that may also be called pulseless disease. Takayasu arteritis is caused by inflammation in your large blood vessels (vasculitis). It mainly affects your aorta, which is a large blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart, and the large blood vessels that branch off from it. Areas of the aorta or other affected blood vessels can become narrowed, blocked, or weakened because of the inflammation. This causes reduced blood flow to important body organs, which can be life-threatening.
The narrowing of these arteries can lead to weakening of the left ventricle due to the increased workload; eventually the left ventricle cannot effectively pump, resulting in blood backing up into the lungs. The fluid is then forced into the blood, through the capillaries and into the alveoli; this is known as congestive heart failure (Mayo Clinic, 2014). Another cause of cardiogenic pulmonary edema is cardiomyopathy. Cardiomyopathy also causes a weakening in the ventricles. Unlike coronary artery disease which is a result of the narrowing of the arteries, cardiomyopathy is caused by damage to the cardiac muscle (Mayo Clinic, 2014).
Due to the malfunction in the glands that produce mucus, the lungs tend to accumulate thick mucus that eventually leads to infection, difficulty breathing and in severe cases a lung transplant or respiratory failure. This disease also effects the
It can however develop rapidly in some cases. Inadequate oxygen supply to the body cells, known as hypoxia, is part of the symptoms of Eisenmenger syndrome. The most recognizable symptom will include a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes; this is referred to as cyanosis. Patients with Eisenmenger syndrome can develop cyanosis in the lips, fingernails, and toes. Due to the inadequate oxygen to the blood supply the patient may also display high levels of red blood cells.
They also provide respiratory therapy to patients. Pneumonia is a lung condition in which the lungs are inflamed and it is caused by bacterial or viral infections. In the Figure, it is shown that the air sacs are filled with mucus and they eventually become solid. An individual that undergoes Pneumonia has symptoms that are quite serious and life-threatening. Coughing can be serious as it produces mucus also called sputum from the lungs, shallow breathing can occur, rapid chest pain, and potentially nausea and vomiting.
Influenza (flu) adults Overview: Influenza is a viral sickness that strikes your respiratory structure — your nose, throat and lungs. Influenza, typically called this present season 's influenza infection, is not the same as the stomach "flu" diseases that cause the runs and hurling. Influenza and its troubles can be savage. People at higher risk of making flu impediments include: 1. Young children 2.
Soon after you are exposed to the plague, you begin to develop pneumonia-like symptoms (like fever, chills, chest pain, coughing blood, shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea). The third kind of plague is the Septicemic Plague, which is the least common of the three. In this type, the most common symptom is tissues dying and turning black. Other symptoms also include fever, weakness, abdominal pain, chills, and shock. Look out for these symptoms,