Write Assignment unit 7 Question Considering the concentric zone model of urbanization, Concentric zone model of urbanization is a functionalist perspective model that views a city as a series of circular areas with a common city centre, zone A. Expanding outward from the city centre to Zone B. Zone B is the circle areas surrounding the city centre. It is, “composed of formerly wealthy homes split into cheap apartments for new immigrant populations; this zone also houses small manufacturers, pawn shops, and other marginal businesses” (Little & McGivern, 2013, p.622). Then to, “Zone C consists of the homes of the working class and established ethnic enclaves and lastly Zone D consists of wealthy homes, white-collar workers, and shopping centres.
This scheme was introduced during the colonial era around the 1960s whereby the National Housing Commission provided the public servants or the government employees with the building materials and the land. The employees were then allocated state land to build their homes throughout the country (Paulisbo, 2013). According to Paulisbo (2013), another scheme introduced in the late 1960s and early 1970s under the colonial administration was the rental purchase scheme. This scheme was introduced primarily for the government employees to be accommodated in affordable homes after the National Housing Commission constructed the low cost fibro houses. The approval for this scheme was through the NEC Decision 331/81 in November of 1981.
INTRODUCTION TO HOUSING Around the world, house prices are rising at an alarming rate while wages stagnate resulting in a global housing crisis. Recent reports say that most countries worldwide are currently experiencing shortage of affordable housing. Rents are constantly on the rise. Today an average income earner spends about a third of his income on shelter. Housing is a necessity for life; a basic need required for survival and so should be seen as a priority in all countries.
This means that stereotypes and racism might influence their decisions. As a matter of fact it is a plain example for individual racism caused by institutional racism. Even they are chosen for a public dwelling, sometimes there is quota that does not allow more than a certain percentage of immigrants to live in a given neighborhood or block of houses and when rental units are unavailable or inaccessible, households are forced to buy sub-standard dwelling. (van Hoorn and van Ginkel, 1986)..Discrimination, both direct and indirect, also exists in the private housing sector. According to a report prepared by European Commission, one of the main reasons of housing discrimination is the tendency to design homes based on the typical person, and neglect the needs of individuals who do not fit into this mould.
1.0 INTRODUCTION This report assesses two available locations in Kuantan as possible sites to build the house of for FAZZZ Corporation. The building of the house is to help the homeless, unfortunate people or orphan that does not have other place to stay, and also to provide education in terms of soft skill in same area. After reviewing the background, our company needs and features of the two available sites, that is Cengal Lempong and also Taman Beserah Jaya, I recommend we build the Homeless People House in Cengal Lempong. 1.1 Background FAZZZ Corporation has been thinking of various ways to help the less fortunate people, specifically people who lost their family, and no permanent place to stay for certain duration. Other word called homeless citizen.
Individualism is greater valence by the Iban but mutual economic dependence exist which is in turn sustained by a complex code of social adat or regulation. For the Iban, the phases adapt covers all of the different jury regulation, rituals and customary norms. That all are instructing an individual’s conducted and the judgment and forms of rectify by which laws are persist. The primary unit of Iban community and legal agency is the bilik (room). The Iban longhouse is gathering of single owned family apartments.
Their characteristic patios and front yard, sloping roofs and dormer windows set them apart from the modern villas of the area. Arts & Crafts homes are also not uncommon here. California style – Among the more modern versions, California style dwellings pervade the entire country. They are sometimes selected from pre-formulated designs which give them somewhat a similar look. Many of these houses are made of timber.
Most people in South Africa has an outdoor style of living and public building spaces will offer shelter and interaction within the local community In the book ‘URBAN DESIGN Street and Square’ by Cliff Moughtin he refers to two concepts for town making: the first is where an open landscape exists and a building is constructed within the area, defined by the environment. The second is where an open space is defined within a built fabric of buildings. The space seemed to be carved from a solid
Understanding housing problems, informal settlements and Slums According to Abraham Maslow, Housing is a basic need, but due to the limited housing facilities to cope with urban growth individuals switch to informal settlement according to their income levels giving rise to low quality & income housing and slums in most developing countries where there is high concentration of low income groups. Informal housing can mainly be divided into slums, squatters and shanty towns. But for the purpose of this research Slums were given a greater consideration. In order to completely understand these forms of informal settlements, there is the need to draw a little light on them Shanty towns This refers to individuals or families who may occupy lands illegally by themselves and build their houses as best as they can (Grinberg, 2006). Shanty towns face characteristics of marginality and urban poverty such as
Urban Morphology is defined as the study of the form of human settlements and the process of their formation and transformation. First of all, if we look at the history of urban planning and architecture, the regions or civilizations which lie within the current Pakistan were: Harrapa, Mohenjodaro, Mehr Garh and Gandhara. These cities were built on simple gridiron pattern and local materials were used for the construction purposes. Hierarchy of streets and well-developed drainage system was seen in their urban planning. Noise control was considered during the planning of houses along with the enhancement of privacy.