Informal Settlement

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1.2 Statement of Research Problem
An informal settlement is mundane issue that has attracted vast amount of researches and discussions in the world today. Informal (squatter) settlements are a fact of life on the outskirts of many cities in the world, whether small, large or medium size (Benitez et al. 2012). The increase in the development of informal settlements has posed a number of problems to both authorities and the residents. Such problems include inadequate infrastructural facilities, insecurity of life and property, urban waste management problems, environmental degradation and urban mobility problem. These settlements are also with environmental disaster, social unrest, poverty and marginalization. As pointed out by Osuide and
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Hence, from a theoretical perspective, it can be stated that while a lot of research works have been done on informal settlements, but shortage of literature of knowledge and information gaps on the on effects of informal settlements with respect to neighbouring planned communities, taking Kosofe local government as a case study.
My study will seek to unravel the root causes and consequences of informal settlements suggest ways and means of mitigating these circumstances.

1.3 Justification of Study
Researchers have revealed that urbanization and absence of housing have contributed to informal settlements. The rise has compounded and seen as a threat to urban world. Hence, the need to address these discrepancies and innovative way to mitigate the effects of informal settlements on planned communities.

1.4 Aims and Objectives
1.4.1 Aim:
The study aims to identify the factors that have aided proliferation of informal settlements development and to find the effects urban informal settlements on neighbouring planned communities.

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To know how informal settlements affect planned communities.
4. To evaluate the physical characteristics of residential buildings within the study area.

1.5 Research Hypotheses
A research hypothesis was set for this study. The hypotheses examine the relationship between informal settlements and neighbouring planned communities in the area of study.
Null hypotheses (Ho)- There are no relationships between effect of informal settlement and neighbouring planned communities in the area of study.
Alternative hypotheses (Hi)- There are relationships between effect of informal settlements and neighbouring planned communities in the area of study.

1.6 Scope of the Study
The study covers Kosofe local Government Area. Specifically, to find out the effects of informal settlements on neighbouring planned communities in the area of study. Also, to carry out investigation of the existed and predicted problems that are likely to have impact on planned communities.

1.7 Definition of Relevant Terms
Informal settlements: Based on the UN Habitat definition, these include spontaneous, irregular, unplanned, marginal, and squatter settlements where a group of housing units has been constructed on land to which the occupants have no legal claim, or which they occupy illegally. Housing in these areas does not comply with existing planning and building

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