However, for the Callatian (Blanco, 2013), it is a sign of respect as the person’s spirit will dwell within them. Therefore, different cultures with result in different moral codes. In that case, people should see matters from many aspects instead of having a general truth as the standard. A second reason why cultural relativism has a more logical way of reasoning is because it teaches us to keep in an open mind. This can be seen from the fact that people should respect and tolerate other’s culture since there is no universal truth that holds for all people.
In Wayward Puritans Erikson argues that there is no notable difference between people who participate in deviant acts and those who do not. Deviance therefore is a social construction; it is defined by what society deems normal. What is considered deviant in one society is not necessarily deviant in another. The label of deviance is conferred upon certain behaviors, often by those in power. Dominant groups in society set expectations for what is acceptable behavior, which helps to keep people in line with dominant group expectations.
Fortunately I am hardly occupied by anger and am still able to think rationally. However, such feeling definitely is limitation and drawback of establishing heathy relationship with other. After having a deeper understanding of social competence, I can explain and find out the solution of my problem. Actually, my case can be explain by self and other domains. The moment I desired for domination is due to the reason that I focused too much on self domains.
According to these views an individual is expected to conform to the established social norms. The man is not seen as an individual person, but an important piece of whole – society. It is important to behave in accordance with the conventional social conduct. Rebelling against the established rules and customs is considered impudent and absurd. And although Austen is not a proponent of a blind following of conventions, she holds the view that the proper manners are important as a display of self-restraint and for gaining the public esteem.
One way we could do this would be providing deterrents. The reason why we have punishments in place for breaking the law is to provide a deterrent for those who would want to break the law. Like if there was no punishment for, for example, stealing. There would be a higher amount of people that steal because there is no deterrents, no punishment. We need to make sure that the cons outweigh the pros.
He thought that we should follow all moral obligations, no matter what we feel about it. Kant’s argument on lying was that if we keep on lying, even if it is for a reason then no one would believe anyone. Furthermore, he believed that if people lie no matter what, then they would follow the rule that it is okay to lie. Then the rule would be self-defeating because no one would believe each other, and then there would be no reason to lie. Therefore, he believed that no one should lie.
I thought that this chapter was interesting because I think in a similar way. He believed that for one to be moral, they need to have an appropriate motive for undertaking a task. It cannot be based on selfish reasons and it does not have to appease the public. You do something because it is right. He also states that we often mistake ideas for our own because of conformity.
Virtues and values are crucial to the achievement of social order because they prevent people from acting in just any manner they deem fit. Whereas the modern societies lay claim to having or providing freedom to the people to do whatever they see fit as long as the actions are legal, there are certain actions that are not illegal and at the same time not morally upright. Religion thereby provides a means through which the society can control the behavior of its members through adhering to values and virtues. Mengzian Confucianism teaches people the values and virtues that they need to live by in order to avoid the creation of social disorder within the society. In the ancient times especially, Mengzian Confucianism was crucial in the maintenance of social order in china since people had a system that ensured that everyone would live according to certain rules set by the Mengzian Confucianism.
Personal beliefs cause disobedience because they are solidified, whereas authority is only temporary. If authority proposes laws that contradicts one’s personal beliefs disobedience occurs because it is one’s right to personally choose what right and what is wrong. Although acting out in disobedience may cause consequences, it is important to stay true to personal beliefs because they allow freedom of choice rather than being forced to do something one feels is
This theory views punishment as a measure to deter the offender and others from committing crime. In this case, the recommendation is aimed at discouraging others from using lulu powder against other Hartopians. Omnicron is not remorseful about the incident and the recommended plea bargain shows this. Because punishment is intended to deter the offender from re offending, it is material that the offender acknowledges the crime and regrets it commission. A remorseful offender is not likely to reoffend because of the fear of punishment (Greenawalt, 1983).