In learner-centred learning, students "construct knowledge through gathering and synthesizing information and integrating it with the general skills of inquiry, communication, critical thinking, problem solving and so on" (Perumal, 2015). How do learners learn in learner-centred teaching? The term 'learner-centred' depicts that learners are the active agents who determine how learning occurs. They "influence the content, activities, materials, and pace of learning" (Froyd & Simpson, 2000) and thus take responsibility of their own learning. The teacher, who takes the role of facilitator and coach, plays the key role of creating the necessary environment for the students so that they can learn independently.
This is based on helping students reach the zone of proximal development (de Silva Joyce & Fleez, 2016; Kalantzis et al., 2016). For example, in the year 1 to 4 English curriculum descriptions, students are to use other texts as models for their own (ACARA, n.d.). This example corresponds quite closely to the aforementioned scaffolding in the functional model. In addition, the year six creating literature string asks for students to create texts by a similar breakdown and analysis as the functional model (ACARA, n.d.). Therefore, there is sufficient evidence in the curriculum documents to show the relevance and influence of this
AN ANALYSIS OF GENERAL ENGLISH TEXTBOOK AT THE PREPARATORY YEAR PROGRAM IN AN EFL SITUATION Dr. Taj Mohammad (Assistant Professor,Dept. Of English,Najran University, KSA) firstname.lastname@example.org ABSTRACT A textbook is usually a published book specially intended to assist students to improve their linguistic and communicative abilities (Sheldon, 1987). Its basic purpose is to achieve course goals, aims and objectives. If a textbook is not selected properly, it directly affects teaching learning environment of an institution. The present research aims to to critically analyze the contents of the textbook currently being used at Preparatory Year Program Najran University.
Teachers play a significant role in modeling social skills and arranging positive social environment (Lynch & Simpson, 2010). Research shows that when children acquire strategies to communicate, cope, and manage impulses can maintain focus in learning contexts (Wooley & Rubin,
" TEACCH is based on research evidence that suggests children with ASD are visual learners. It is a structured learning model focused on visual schedules,work systems,task and organization. The main idea is that this type of visual scheduling and organization alleviate difficulties with transition,organization and communication. Physical organization and scheduling are two of the three main components of the TEACCH model. In basic terms this means having the classroom set up so students clearly understand where they should be and when.
They also teach “students the basic educational skills they need to succeed academically” (“Elementary School Teacher” Occupational 1). Another responsibility is providing students with a variety of different learning experiences. They “encourage students intellectual growth by preparing, presenting, and explaining information on a level that the kids can understand” (Cassedy 1). Reinforcing appropriate communication, social skills, self-control, cultural diversity, drug prevention, sharing, and responsibility are also in the description. So they not only teach academically, but they also “help students learn about themselves and the world while preparing them to face future challenges” (“Elementary School Teacher” Occupational 1).
The preparation of effective, appropriate, and interesting content for the students. 4. Incorporating assignments for learning strategies following school policies, and abiding by these policies to correct school work. 5. Writing the down the student performances and then using the data to create new goals for students.
According to Moss (2012, p. 235), “assessment is a process of collecting and interpreting evidence of student progress to inform reasoned judgments about what a student or group of students knows relative to the identified learning goals” and the process by which the assessment is carried out solely depends on the purpose of the assessment. In order to carry out a quality assessment, Clarke (2014) states that five key points must be considered when constructing an assessment and include clear purpose, clear targets, sound design, effective communication and students involvement. When planning an assessment the first key point, clear purpose, is of significant importance as understanding the types of assessment processes and the results they
Performance assessment taps into students ' higher-order thinking skills, such as evaluating the reliability of information sources, synthesizing information to draw conclusions, or using deductive/inductive reasoning to solve a problem. Performance tasks may require students to make an argument with supporting evidence, conduct a controlled experiment, solve a complex problem, or build a model. These tasks often have more than one acceptable solution or answer, and teachers use rubrics as a key part of assessing student work. Brualdi is of the view that students who continuously encounter with the lower level questions are directed towards the basic level of thinking. On the other hand, high-level questions are helpful for students to think more creatively and multi-dimensionally (Brualdi,
Students who know more words and can also use them in the right context have a significant advantage in school and can continue using that skill to their advantage in college and career. Students can use of note taking to progress learning vocabulary. Note-taking is the practice of recording information captured from another source (Carter, John F.; Van Matre, Nicholas H. 1975).Vocabulary is one of five core components of reading instruction that are essential to successfully teach children how to read. These core components include phonemic awareness, phonics and word study, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension (Nation, 2001). The concept of a word can be defined in various ways, but three significant aspects need to be aware of and focus on are form, meaning, and use.
(2000), focus on arguments on how student learn large volumes of meaningful information by exposing them to a verbal teaching method. They put forth that learning is to a substantial extent, based on information presented in a sequential and organized manner to students. This thought enhances meaningful learning, comprehension and retaining of the acquired
Then the third assumption follows closely on new content and can be presented through learning tasks (Vella pp 2-5). In the assumption of learning theory we are making assumptions about learning from different perspectives. From an educator’s perspective, we have made assumptions about the needs and readiness of learners, and assumed that there are best teaching and learning strategies for particular learners under particular learning context. Experiments and research have been conducted to validate the findings. From a learner’s perspective, the learners have assumed that they would be able to achieve the learning goals based on certain learning strategies, that suit their particular learning styles, and under