Toyota 's success after using TPS brought worldwide attention to lean manufacturing concepts. With the introduction of lean manufacturing into the production process, the management was able to gauge the advantages lean manufacturing brought into the day to day activities when it was implemented for single production line. The benefit of single production line with duplicate resources is that idle equipment could be undergoing a setup for the next product while another product is running. This configuration mitigates flow line downtime that would result from a high product mix because it can drive the need for many different machine setup time iterations. A single line configuration would simplify production line leadership’s responsibilities, staffing level needs would be better understood, preventive maintenance could be done while products are running and this configuration would promote a balanced or equal use approach to equipment utilization.
It gradually becomes a national trait aligned with cheaper labor force that attracts the developed countries. In other words, the developed countries are willing to progress manufacturing outsourcing in China. Moreover, market demand boosts in the stage of economic development, therefore, there are massive amount of potential opportunities occurring in the market place. With increasing amount of the FDI, China is constantly absorbing knowledge and learning skills from innovative technologies and trying to help local business development. As a result, the GDP is rapidly growing since 1995 (World Bank Data 2017), which indicates that the purchasing power of customers is sharply boosting in the domestic market.
is focusing on brand awareness and product improvements by increasing its financial investments in marketing and advertising. They are expanding their retail footprint by opening more stores worldwide, and they are looking to keep up with the adoption of cost-leadership strategies competition, through the implementation of product differentiation strategy, hoping to continue to be the leader of new technological innovation. - Apple Inc.’s future strategic position Apple Inc. still believes itself in the growth or development as it brings new hope and improves products to market in the near future. Apple Inc. is the most innovative product developer and the image of Apple Inc. is positive. It allows to cover the integration with its distributors, suppliers and competitors.
(TOPICS: Kaizen, 2016) It includes 3 main parts – 1.Constant elimination of waste, In general, we can gain the efficiency when the wastes are eliminated. Efficiency can only see when we can manage our plans and we reach our goals with minimum resources. 2. Involvement and empowerment of the employees An excellent manager should give a hand to help his sub-ordinates to reach a higher level. When I become a leader position, I never hesitate to apply Kaizen in my business because empowerment is power sharing to our sub-ordinates.
Furthermore, Target Corp. businesses becomes heavily reliant on technology investment to support multichannel efforts and transform information processes and computer systems more efficiently and run the business and remain competitive. However, it’s growth also depends on ability to build new stores in locations in fully developed market in favorable geographic locations. Another threat Target faces is that of substitutes. As mentioned before essentially every company’s goal is to generate the demand to which it will supply to, thus, because there are many other competitors offering better quality for higher prices or lower prices and
Countries like China, japan and Taiwan has improved their efficiency in production and are able to reduce the price of the product, and India being country with huge consumer base and high Demand has become their prime market. Also the goods produced by Indian manufacturer are being exported to neighbouring countries like Bangladesh; Srilanka, Nepal has made India to focus in Asian countries for their trade. Conclusion India has always followed a development model for its International trade since the liberalization in 1990s.The services sector in India has shown a tremendous growth which can be attributed to ever increasing IT sector in India. Manufacturing sector on the other hand has grown in comparatively slower pace. The overall performance of the Indian manufacturing sector has widespread implications for various aspects of the economy; employment, being one of the chief areas of impact.
Even the international companies bring considerable economy growth to developing countries such as technology transfer and job opportunity. Nevertheless, the multinational corporations also bring problems to developing country like harm human right. However, it is believed that multinational companies bring advantages morn than disadvantages. The developing country should increase the economy in the short term because competed economy can enhance competitive strength in the world and ameliorate the life of developing country people such as using additional finance develops capital
The implication of this trend is that it helps the trade among countries and regions in the world develops better and stronger, and it will lead to the appearance of new transportation, warehousing and assistant services. Following are some main trends in logistics and supply chain management recent years: 1) The application of modern information technology, e-commerce will increasingly popular and more extensive in the areas of Logistics: The global information network has been, and will have a great influence on the global economy. Logistics management is one of the most difficult fields, but it is a key factor for gaining the profitability of an e-commerce business( this method of business has become more popular in the world). The process and completion of customers’ order, delivery, payment and collection of goods that customers do not like ... are the main contents of logistics in the e-commerce environment. A adequate logistics system, suitable with the processes of e-commerce, to meet the demands of customers in the information technology era, is one of the main factors to have success in business.
China also manufactures for business from other countries. Raw materials are shipped to China and then assembled in factories before shipping it back to the countries. Globalization has helped China’s economy a lot because without globalization, China wouldn’t have made money from all the manufacturing. (www.useconomy.about.com) Socially Globalization has greatly impacted China’s social connection to other countries around the world. This happens because globalization allowed exports and imports to run more freely.
The present paper focuses on low cost disruptive innovation taken by China and frugal innovation efforts of India. Innovation is essential for any firm to survive in this fiercely competitive economy and emerging economies which are faced by resource constraints are using their technological investment to come up with affordable products. Once these products achieve success in emerging nations, it provides a platform for the firms to leverage their products in more developed nations, as they have gained experience in providing more value for the money. It has become essential for the already established global players to understand the mechanism of this disruptive innovation who are grabbing their market share rapidly. It could be done only
On the other hand, a super talent pool definitely works to a nation’s favor as well. The new century has seen many thriving economies shifting their labor-intensive manufacturing model to the one based on high-tech companies, as this is a much more effective way to generate massive profits in a short span of time. It goes without saying that people with professional skills are the right candidates who can prop up a technology-based industry, and that requires a proliferation of talent pool to meet the demand. Where can the nation find these people?