Information Technology In Society

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INTRODUCTION What’s information? Several scholar on this or similar theme have defined the term “ information” differently. The general answer is information is stimuli that has meaning in some context for its receiver. When information is entered into computer and stored, it’s generally referred to as data. After processing, output data can again be perceived as information. When information is packaged or used for understanding, it is known as knowledge. The importance of information, as early as in ancient times are already known. People used to transmit signal through the beacon towers. But as a science to study, the initial of information that researched was in 1746, Watson transfer electrical signals on the two mile wire. Bell invented…show more content…
An information technology system concerns the processing, storage and transfer of information. Information technology is often regarded as a very daunting profession because it involves many different specialist areas. It used in business industry, education, health care, even government and in everyday social life. Information technology. The acquisition, processing, storage, and dissemination of vocal, pictorial, textual and numerical information by a microelectronics-based combination of computing and telecommunications. (MacMillan Dictionary Of Information Technology, 1985, p. 164) CONCEPT OF INFORMATION SOCIETY We live in an “ Information society” where the effective use of information is regarded as the defining element of the 20th-21st centuries. Having discussed the difficulties in defining the terms “ information” and “ information society”. In “The Information Society Revisited”, Frank Webster dissects the nation that we as a society, have experienced an “ information revolution” and now we ling in an “ information society”. Webster identifies 6 ways of distinguishing and proceeds to critique each and every one of these conceptions.…show more content…
For this, John Goddard (1992) identifies four interrelated elements in the transition an information society : Information will occupy the center position as ‘key strategic resource ’ on the dependent organisation of the world economy. computer and communications technologies provide the infrastructure which enables information to be processed and distributed. The explosive growth of services such as new media and online data bases providing information has been exceptionally rapid growth of the ‘ trade-able information ’ of the economy. The growing ‘informatization’ of the economy is facilitating the integration of national and regional economies. Added together these elements, is to emphasis the centrality of information networks linking together locations the entire world.

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