Library Information System Research Paper

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INTRODUCTION ABOUT LIBRARY, MUSEUM AND ARCHIVE
People have been gathering things into collections for a long time. The resulting Collections might be informal, but when they are institutionalized and sustained overtime, they are typically referred to as libraries, archives, and museums. There are good reasons why libraries, archives, and museums have evolved on separate paths, but the information age arising around new information and communications technologies brings them together as never before. The objective of this paper is to disentangle libraries, archives, and museums in historical context to show the key commonalities of collecting in the creation and maintenance of the knowledge communities that enabled the Renaissance, The Enlightenment,
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Originally it was applied to the use and application of computers, but recently the definition of what is a computer has become more complicated. The problem is illustrated by considering most modern photocopiers- they have processors more powerful than the computers of the era when the term “IT” was first used. In this chapter we have used the term “IT” widely, to embrace the newer definitions and to include more traditional office machines since their use is related to the new equipment.

1) Information Technology in libraries
1.1 Online computer services
Most library services have means of accessing the ever-increasing number of specialist database that are “hosted” on large computers, often in other countries. To use these services a number of items of equipment are required. These include a personal computer (PC) (or terminal capable of accessing the public telephone system ), a modem that allows you to transmit from your PC to the host computer and thereby access the particular database that is of interest, a printer and the permissions necessary to get into the
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Universities and other large institutions have a vested interest in being able to share their holdings of unique and rare materials from their various archives, museums, and special collections in a unified way with their community of researchers and learners. Integrated access to collections is just one example of how libraries, archives and museums can maximize their efficiency and impact by working more closely together. Therefore, shared data, services, technological infrastructure, staff, and expertise can unlock greater productivity within institutions, as well as create online research environments more aligned with user’s expectations. The evolution of technology has undoubtedly increased the variety of resources available in libraries today; it is no longer a case of going to the library to borrow a particular book for your research but rather an opportunity to explore books, journals, DVDs and websites

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