Introduction 1. Background: Antimicrobial resistance is a global concern for effective health care delivery. (1) Extensive use of antibiotics in healthcare institutes is one of the main causes for emergence of antimicrobial resistance. (2) The misuse of antibiotics has also contributed to the growing problem of antibiotic resistance, which has become one of the most serious and growing threats to public health. Unnecessary exposure to antibiotics affects patients’ health seriously; suffering from serious adverse events with no clinical benefit, prolongation of hospital stay, prolonged treatment with antimicrobials or even the need for further surgical intervention; which causes a considerable burden on patients, health care system and the national resources.
Cancer is the worst and deadliest disease that hits over millions of people worldwide, and about 1 in 8 people will ultimately die on the course of cancer. It’s the most widespread disease that responsible for approximately 13% of all human deaths. Top Nine Worst Killer Cancers There are over 200 types of cancers and they’re all referred to a group of ailments having the similar characteristics. The cells in those who’ve cancer always displayed malignant growths, tumors, and/or abnormal cells that will finally spread to the surrounding cells, tissues or organs, and at the end, the cancer invades other areas in the body causing deaths. Cancer can either be the outcome of plain old genetic abnormalities, mutated cells, and prolonged exposure/consumption
Arsenic contamination of ground water has led to a massive epidemic of arsenic poisoning in many countries. Several major incidents worldwide had been reported on ground water arsenic contamination. (Tar, Eneji,Ande, Oketunde, Sba and Ato (2009). Research findings consistently revealed that Northern parts of US are known to have significant concentration of arsenic in ground water. Increased levels of skin cancer have been associated with such kind of arsenic exposure even at lower levels below the 10ppb drinking water standard as pointed out by World Health Organization (WHO).
The e-coli bacteria which is present in human waste is very dangerous and drinking this water can cause harmful side effects . Waste dumping – The dumping of wastes like paper waste, food waste, plastic, rubber, metallic and aluminum waste in heavy quantities to the water bodies is another reason of pollution. These waste types take quite time to decompose. For example, paper takes about 6 weeks, aluminum takes about 200 years and glass takes even more years. Underground storage and tube leakages - Many liquid products (petroleum products) are stored or kept in metal and steel tubes underground.
However, this could not be more wrong. More antibiotics is not the answer, this will just worsen the already terrible situation. Drug-resistant infections take a huge toll in the United States and across the world. Just one organism known as, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), kills more Americans every year than emphysema, HIV/AIDS, Parkinson’s disease and homicide COMBINED. Almost 2 million Americans per year develop hospital acquired infections, resulting in 99,000 deaths.
PCBs cause liver and nerve harm skin emissions, regurgitating, fever, Diarrhoea, and foetal anomalies. Looseness of the bowels, salmonellas, Cryptosporidium, and hepatitis are among the ailments transmitted by sewage in drinking and showering water. In the United States, shorelines along coasts, riverbanks, and lakeshores have been demolished for bathers by mechanical squanders, civil sewage, and medicinal waste. Water contamination is a considerably more prominent issue in the Third World, where a great many individuals get water for drinking and sanitation from unprotected streams and lakes that are defiled with human waste. This sort of pollution has been assessed to cause more than 3 million passings yearly from Diarrhoea in Third World nations, the greater part of them
Just because of this, several species of fish and aquatic plants are endangered today. A lot of important plants are dying off due to toxic chemicals in the water. This harms the animals dependent on these plants. Fishes lose their breeding grounds and harm the overall ecosystem. This toxic water is also added on our farmlands by irrigation and because of this, the toxic chemicals are making their way into our food and cause diseases.
The air borne particles in the smog lead to innumerable patients suffering from chronic illnesses namely strokes, cancer and respiratory diseases. In 2017, the Indian government disbursed $140.7 billion on health costs namely expenditure on training doctors and the supply of medicines and surgical equipment (Nandi, 2017). The toxic smog results in premature deaths and births of underweight babies. OECD reports show that the costs of over a million
In view of the increasingly stringent environmental policy adopted by industrialized countries, a rising care has been directed to water pollution problem. Significant amounts of water are consumed during processing in many industries using dyes as textile, paper, plastic, leather, food and cosmetics industries. 1-15% of the dye is estimated to be lost in dyeing and finishing processes and are released into waste waters. About 10,000 dyes and pigments are used in the textile industry, most of themare toxic substances to humans and aquatic life; 50,000 tones of dyes are estimated to be discharged from dyeing and coloration industries One of the main sources of environmental contamination is the dye pollutants from these industries, the disposal of these colored waste waters is a threat to the environment [1-5]. Color bath effluents throw shading to the recieving streams.