Informative Essay: The Great Barrier Reef

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Informative essay The Great Barrier Reef, located in the Coral Sea (Queensland, Australia), is the world’s largest living reef ecosystem; it is formed by 2,900 coral individual reefs and covers approximately 344,400 square kilometers, eastwards from the Queensland coast. (Queensland Museum, 2016) It stands out from other reefs not only because of its size, but also because it forms one of the most biologically diverse regions in our planet; it has over 1,500 species of fish, 400 species of coral and a great diversity of sponges and anemones, among other species. For these and other reasons, it was enlisted among the World Heritage Places in 1981. (UNESCO, n.d.) Climate change is a continuous process in our planet, however, in the last century, global warming and climate change have sped up at a faster rate than they did in the previous 2000 years. This change occurs mainly in climate’s patterns that include temperature, precipitation, wind and humidity. We are experiencing a wide-range of impacts because Earth is warming up; this is an effect caused by the increase in the amount of atmospheric gasses, mainly carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. (Department of ecology, n.d.) Climate change has impacted most ecosystems in negative ways. For example, ice in the North Pole has been reduced by 12 percent per decade for the last 40 years, causing the death of many animals native to the areas and endangering many species that may soon face extinction. The Great Barrier Reef

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