Ajit Narayanan begins his speech about the different ways to communicate with kids who have trouble speaking, by telling a real story. In paragraph one Narayanan states that, “I work with children with autism. Specifically, I make technologies to help them communicate” (Narayanan, paragraph 1). This introduction engages listeners, because he offers credibility towards himself. This is not the most effective introduction, but it was still informative.
Media Portrayal: Autism the Musical Autism the Musical is a documentary that followed the lives of five different children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and their families, as the children participate in creating and performing in a musical over a 22-week period. Autism the Musical is “real-life”, in that all of the scenes are candid, with each child starring as themselves, giving viewers the ability to see how ASD affects children from first hand accounts, without scripted scenes or actors. Elaine, the director of the musical, created a program called “The Miracle Project”, in which parents could enroll their child diagnosed with ASD to participate in the production. The goal of “The Miracle Project” was for children with
How hard is it to say that a child will never really progress further with intervention? Whether or not treating a child past the points of progress have been an ethical issue surrounding Occupational Therapy. There are few studies in the stagnancy of progress with children, so making a decision, while partially uninformed can be quite difficult. A 2004 National Center for Biotechnology Information Study found that waiting to see if further treatment will yield success can be detrimental to the psyche of not only the child but also the parents. This brings forth a critical decision of whether to continue heightening the hopes of a family in distress or to inform the family that treatment is futile.
As I have researched and talked to educators, Autistic children benefit from targeted social skills training and specialized approaches to teaching. Scientific studies have demonstrated that early intensive behavioral intervention improves learning, communication, and social skills in young children. Researchers have developed a number of effective early intervention models which are the following: • The child receives structured therapeutic activities for at least 25 hours per
Although understandably overwhelmed, Family B appeared to comprehend the information reviewed by each specialist, reinforced by the MRI and ultrasound images shared, as each provider used the teach back method to evaluate the parents’ understanding and repeatedly asked if they had any questions. A folder of contact information for each specialist was offered that also included FAQ sheets on all medical diagnoses. Each of the physicians encouraged the parents to contact them with additional questions they might have following the meeting. As a parent, I think it would be helpful to also have contact information for a support group or family mentor who has a child with a similar diagnosis to address any concerns about quality of life for the child and family across the
Research has shown that early interventions and treatment during the childhood have a significant impact on autistic individuals. Behavioral approaches are important to develop social interactions in autistic children who fail to interact with their family and friends in a useful manner. Research studies have proved that Applied Behavioral Analysis has shown vital improvement in the social functioning of the autistic kids (Jaffe, 2010). It is an in-depth structured approach that incorporates positive social behavior with the help of qualified personnel. Evidence-based research studies have widely supported one-to-one behavioral interaction method and group-based social skill training programs for improving autistic behaviors, positive interactions, social and behavioral skills (Downs, Downs, Johansen, & Fossum, 2007).
Autism, or autism spectrum disorder, refers to a broad range of conditions characterized by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors, speech and nonverbal communication, as well as by unique strengths and differences. We now know that there is not only one autism type, but many types caused by a combination of genetic and environmental influences. The term spectrum reflects the wide variation in challenges and strengths possessed by each person with autism. The centers for Disease control and prevention estimates autism 's prevalence as 1 in 68 children in the United states. This includes 1 in 42 boys and 1 in 89 girls.
Children with Autism may struggle with play and social interactions with others, social communication, and pragmatics. While these struggles continue to develop in a child with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), there are various intervention approaches that can help a child with autism be more successful in the social world. One particular approach that can help them acquire the correct social skills is the Social Story intervention, developed by Carol Gray in 1991. The purpose of this intervention is to aid children with autism achieve appropriate behavior in social settings. According to Roth and Worthington, Social Stories is meant for children with autism, who are high functioning… and also foster executive functioning abilities, particularly
This paper focuses on autism. The article I chose is the Characteristics of Infantile Autism. Autism is a growing disorder in the United States, 20 children out of 10,000 (Pilipek et al., 2000) have an autism disorder. Children go to the doctor a lot the first three years of development, to get vaccinations and making sure they are developing at the appropriate level. Autism is diagnosed between the ages of two to six years of age, this is the most common age range for the diagnoses.
McPeak Dr. Scheirer 10/26/15 Analyzing Research Studies Effectiveness of the Modified Intensive Toilet Training Method on Teaching Toilet Skills to Children with Autism 1. I used the ProQuest database that the Behavior Analyst Certification Board provides to Analysts and RBTs. I used the search terms “toilet training,” and “toilet training and autism” when researching this topic. My rational for selecting this study over others was that the title met all of my key words in my search.
Prior & Roberts (2012) stated that good practice in early intervention that lead to the best likelihood of positive outcomes for children with ASD. Howlin (1997) also suggested that young children with autism who receive the recommended early intervention have a much greater chance, later in life, of living independently, securing employment and developing meaningful and lasting friendships and relationships with long-term research showing benefits for children as they grow and develop. The result of Rogers’ research (Rogers, 1996) found that ASD children were benefited in various comprehensive treatment programmes.
By the end of my speech, 212 underprivileged children around the world would be clenching their stomach and wobbling from garbage dumps to garbage dumps, searching for half- eaten food. 5 children in India would leave school to work in a dilapidated undergarment factory for 14 straight hours, enduring whipping, and pain just for 3 bowls of rice. 3 children in Africa would be dead after being beheaded by heartless invaders. The power to change this situation lies with every one of you present today. Basic necessity such as food, basic education, security are few of many things that underprivileged children lack.