SECTION 1 Osteoporosis is a condition of fragile bones that occurs when the body loses too much bone or makes too little bone. Bone may breaks from a fall or in some serious cases, from sneezing and minor bumps. According to the 1993 Consensus Development Conference, osteoporosis was defined as a disease characterized by low bone mass and structural deterioration to fractures (Anonymous, 1993). Based on statistic given by International Osteoporosis Foundation, in the worldwide stage, osteoporosis causes more than 8.9 million fractures annually, resulting in an osteoporotic fracture every 3 seconds. 200 million women worldwide are estimated to have osteoporosis where 1 in 3 women over age 50 will experience osteoporotic fractures.
Therefore, synovial fluid found in the joint helps minimize friction during extension and flexion of the knee because the viscous fluid functions as a lubricant to act as an absorber to prevent bones from hitting one another. Also, hyaline cartilage helps minimize friction by providing a smooth sliding area that still allows minimum movement of bone without hitting one another. 7. Describe the changes a broken bone undergoes as it is healing. ( 4 points) When bone heals it undergoes four repair phases.
People think that when they break their leg, they always have to go get an x-ray first, but if it happens right away, then a suggestion is they can go to an orthopedic surgeon for a speedy recovery and a successful outcome. Orthopedic surgeons are helpful in many ways. They repair bones and joints in the musculoskeletal system, when there’s fractures, sprains, diseases, cancerous tumors, etc. They can also focus on a specific part of the body, like: spine, hand, leg, etc. They also treat people of all ages except for very young children.
The nerves or blood vessels around your shoulder have been damaged. After the humerus is placed back in the joint, your arm will be placed in a splint or sling to keep it from moving. You will need to wear it until your shoulder heals. When the splint or sling is removed, your may have physical therapy to help improve the range of motion in your shoulder joint. HOME CARE INSTRUCTIONS If You Have a Splint or Sling: Wear it as told by your health care provider.
The anterior cruciate ligament, or ACL, prevents forward movement of the tibia, off of the femur. The ACL also prevents hyperextension of the knee, hence it allows for the knee joint to be stable and allows for dynamic motion. For those who suffer an ACL injury and do not have hopes to continue competing in athletics at a high level, the non-surgery option is available for treatment. The patient will need to endevour many hours of physical therapy and rehabilitation and wear a hinged brace. With rehab and physical therapy, the patient will feel almost back to their pre-injury self, but they are very suseptible for a re-tear.
Instead, the bone near the joints of the femur are removed. During hip replacement, damaged bone, cartilage, and femoral head are removed then replaced with a prosthesis. There are many reasons why one might need hip replacement because of damage, however they are most commonly caused by age and repeated motion of wear and tear. There are some diseases such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, avascular necrosis, and bone tumors, that a patient would have developed in order to be recommended to receive this treatment. More often than not, hip replacement was the next action to take for relieving pain (Total Hip Replacement).
When joints are dislocated it makes the tendons, and ligaments as well as the muscles surrounding the joint to be vulnerable to tear. Not to mention, the extreme risk for damage to the bone structure from the dislocation. Obviously, some dislocations are worse than others, like when someone dislocate a knee often times doctors or trainers are able to just pop it back in place, brace it, instruct the players to stay off of it for a few weeks and they’ll be fine. The knee may still hurt, but the recovery isn 't near as bad. The story is not always so smooth for other types of dislocations.
Specifically an athletic trainer is suppose to prevent, diagnose, and treat muscle and bone related injuries and illnesses sustained from any athletic activities such as playing sports, running, exercising, and other physical activities. The specific duties is to initiate and execute techniques to diagnose life threatening and other emergency conditions through the use of standard emergency care procedures. They are also supposed to administer therapeutic treatment using standard procedures to facilitate recovery and performance. Athletic Trainers work hours can vary based on an athlete’s injury. Athletic trainers have been known to work long hours sometimes they can even work 24 hour shifts if that’s what the job calls for.
This research is a significant step in describing a combined intervention, which can be studied within the context of future clinical trials to determine efficacy related to pain, function, balance, and falls compared to other physical therapy or medical approaches. Manual physical therapy also offers pain relief for acute and chronic back pain. Some limitation like joints that lack adequate mobility can cause trouble, pain, and change in function, posture, and movement. Manual physical therapy helps to repair mobility to stiff joints and decreasing muscle tension to direct the patient to more normal movement without pain. Also, contributes back pain release for patients with chronic back pain including joint problems, and severe back pain from soft tissue injuries.
If, in the judgment of my physician, my death is imminent within minutes to hours, even with the use of all available medical treatment provided within the prevailing standard of care, I acknowledge that all treatments may be withheld or removed except those needed to maintain my comfort. This directive will remain in effect until I revoke it. No other person may do so. Additional Requests: 1. In the event of a catastrophic failure such as heart attack, embolism, etc., that would cause my immediate death, please Do Not Resuscitate.