Multiple concussions and swelling can cause progressive cognitive decline which is like dementia (Brain Facts). According to author, Lauren Tarshis, “Some symptoms of a concussion are immediate, like loss of consciousness. But often signs are more subtle and don't show up until hours or days after the injury which can be forgetfulness, confusion, headaches, balance problems or dizziness, light or noise sensitivity, sluggishness or fogginess, irritability or emotional symptoms, concentration or memory problems and blurred vision.” So if an athlete was to get a concussion they might not even know right away and put themselves at risk by continuing to play. As seen with Zack, second impact syndrome could be fatal and ruin your life. Concussions are not rare either.
There are many preventions that can be made to avoid this disease along with knowing the symptoms to know what precautions to take. Furthermore, with today’s advanced technology, there are also many diagnostic tests that help doctors treat those with the late effects a stroke may cause. Pathophysiology A cerebrovascular accident may occur when the blood supply of the brain is cut off or reduced gradually. As a result, oxygen and nutrients aren’t able to reach the brain and it’s cells being to die. There are two
It comes on more slowly than some kinds of dementias. If you ask family members when they noticed the changes, they will have difficulty saying. If there is a sudden onset of memory loss or confusion, it is likely due to another cause, such as stroke, medication side effects, or an infection that is disturbing the person’s thinking or mood. When these conditions are treated, memory sometimes improves as well. Alzheimer’s gradually clog up that connective wiring over time.
This can be because data does not transfer successfully from short-term memory into permanent long-term memory. It is often a permanent condition generally thought to be caused by damage to the hippocampus section of the brain. This damage can be caused by an accident, surgery, alcohol, and even an acute deficiency of thiamine known as Korsakoff’s syndrome. Which is a chronic memory disorder caused by severe deficiency of thiamine better known as the vitamin B-1. Sometimes both these types of amnesia may occur together, sometimes called total or global amnesia.
2.4.4. Vascular disease (multi-infarct or post-stroke dementia) Vascular disease is the term which describes blood vessel disease. Three types of blood vessels: arteries, veins and lymphatics circulate the blood in the body but when the circulation of blood becomes disturbances in the brain function. This is second most common cause (10-20 %) of dementia (Jones & Román, 2004). Mainly, language problem, persons memory, other intellectual disabilities, impaired judgment, memory loss are the signs of vascular disease.
Some of the symptoms include: headaches, dizziness, difficulty concentrating or completing tasks, Irritability, and the sense that you “just don’t feel like yourself”. According to Dr. Maryse Lassonde, “even when the symptoms of a concussion appear to have gone, the brain is still not yet 100 percent normal.” In a study done on athletes that had concussions 30 years past then now have symptoms of parkinson's. Also further tests showed that past athletes who had a concussion experienced a thinning of the cortex in the same part of the brain that Alzheimer's
Previously, the DSM-IV had reported that hoarding was comorbid with OCD, however, the DSM-V states that it is independent from negative, intrusive thoughts if one does not maintain an item. Hoarding disorder is also comorbid with medical conditions such as fibromyalgia, diabetes and obesity (Kress et al. 2014). It is inferred that compulsive hoarding is a result of significant trauma in a person’s life. Such trauma can include the death of a loved one, major decline in health and significant change in a person’s daily life.
INTRO/BACKGROUND Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy, a neurodegenerative condition in which an individual may experience executive dysfunction, impaired memory, depression, apathy, poor impulse control, suicidal tendencies, and ultimately dementia, has come to attention in recent years (Baugh et al. 2012). Currently the disease is not diagnosable until the individual has passed away and symptoms often mimic those of other neurodegenerative conditions. With that being said, CTE is a problem that has no way of being detected, let alone a cure. As CTE is being more extensively researched, it has been found that the cause is much broader than documented concussions.
Some examples as stated in Office of Public Affairs are headaches, dizziness, ringing in ears, blurred vision, and etc. How people will notice if someone could have a concussion is as exampled. They could be appearing gazed, not listening; getting really tired easily, loss of balance, unsteady walking, and etc. Physically, people can see the signs of having a concussion, but can people see the affects of it socially? The affects of having a concussion can hurt a person socially.
Sometimes medication may be used in treatment of interstitial cerebral edema in order to reduce cerebrospinal fluid production in chronically increased intracranial pressure. If untreated cerebral edema can cause death. When treated it may still have lingering effects on the body such as: loss of vision, cerebral atrophy with cognitive decline, and altered mental
Common findings are neurodefecits in the central nervous system (CNS) such as chronic neurologic demyelination and inflammation of the CNS, lesions found in the neural space of the person, and an inappropriate immune response (Borazanci et al. 2009). Loss of myelin in the CNS leads to inappropriate action potential activation in which the axons of the neurons become inflamed over time and potentially lead to axon damage and/or loss (Nickerson 2013). Nickerson 2013 also stated that this long term inflammation could be contributing to the long term disabilities associated with MS. Loss of myelin in the axons of neurologic cells lead to many things; one being the formation of astrocytic scarring forming on the myelin sheaths (Newlan et
The injuries that is critical in the areas such as thalamus and hypothalamus region will lead to the vascular dementia. Thus, people with vascular type of dementia tend to have disease of the blood vessels such as tobacco usage, high blood pressure, heart attacks, etc. Mixed dementia: Mixed dementia is another type of dementia, it is the combination of Alzheimer’s and vascular dementia or in general it is the conditions where changes can be represented with considering more than one type of dementia which occurs simultaneously in the brain, thus this type of dementia causes 10% of dementia cases. The symptoms of this type of dementia is that it depends on the type of dementia that are occurred simultaneously in the brain but it may have the same symptoms of Alzheimer’s type of dementia. Dementia with Lewy
These are two examples of CTE working in real life. Earlier in the paper I talked about the signs and symptoms of CTE. The signs are very hard to notice because they commonly get confused with normal aging. There are four stages to this dangerous disease that affect people in different ways. These stages can lead to death or Dementia.
Beidel, Bulik, and Stanley, 2014 stated, treatments during the late 1800s and early 1900s were usually not adequate for people with severe depression. Because of this, many people became desperate and were treated with a surgery called lobotomy, which is the surgical destruction of the prefrontal lobe of a person 's brain. This had become popular as a "calming" treatment at this time. Lobotomies were often tremendously unsuccessful, and frequently caused personality changes, the inability to make decisions, and poor judgment. In the worst cases, they sometimes lead to a coma or even death (p.13-14).
According to a site that specializes in providing information about dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, states that “Dementia is a general term for loss of memory and other mental abilities severe enough to interfere with daily life. It is caused by physical changes in the brain.” (Alzheimer’s Association) Whereas Alzheimer’s is a “Type of dementia that causes problems with memory, thinking and behavior.” (Alzheimer’s Association) Generally speaking, one could imagine