For nearly a century, many thought when one is asleep the brain is asleep as well. Yet not until technology advanced, did scientists begin examining sleeping patients to notice every ninety minutes their patients brain showed activity as if they were awake but were still unconscious. Rather than normal sleep, scientists decided they were in what is called REM sleep. During REM sleep, also known as rapid eye movement, is when one become sexually aroused, one becomes limp, eyes moved around, heart break and breathing
Attention getter: Remember back when you were a kid, naps were a daily occurrence? Nowadays, you may find yourself wishing you had not taken
Insomnia is utterly scary. Not only is it difficult to fall asleep at night, but it's also hard to stay asleep. You nod off eventually then, suddenly I'm wide awake but still tired and drowsy. A thought filled hour passes and I fall asleep again. 30 minutes later, the cycle just keeps repeating itself. For an insomniac, this goes on day after day and month after month. You feel as though you can not escape the mounting stress and anxiety you face throughout the day. Some days are much harder than others, for me it was the worst during deadlines like budget meetings and progress reports, but after the meeting is over, my insomnia just kicks in.
In America there are over three million diagnosed with insomnia a year. Insomnia is basically the inability to sleep. One instance of this sleep depravity is Andy Gardner. When Gardner was 16, in 1964, he stayed awake for 11 days and 24 minutes. This was voluntary, while for the average insomniac, without treatment, will involuntarily stay up for 45 hours. With the inability to sleep comes health concerns, begs the question why does America have such a high rate of the disorder, and if you don’t have insomnia, what it must be like to have this crippling habitual sleeplessness.
Identify ONE Primary with ICD 10 code diagnosis given the information in part one and part two together.
"Why Do We Dream? The Most Popular Theories." About.com Health. Web. 28 Mar. 2016. .
The role of the APRN in the treatment of insomnia in older adults is multifaceted. As providers, APRN’s are skilled in assessment, diagnosis, and management of acute and chronic conditions. The care of older adults with chronic insomnia require a unique approach to management, as first-line treatment advocated in this paper entails a cognitive-behavioral approach that is not routinely utilized. Thus, the APRN holds as a provider requiring specialized assessment skills previously discussed to ensure the proper diagnosis and treatment. The underpinnings of APRN education advocate for a holistic, patient-centered approach to care management, which places the NP in a distinct role for the management of the older adult with chronic insomnia.
An interesting aspect of this article contained information that can also be found our textbook from chapter 10 called Consciousness about REM sleep. (Rapid Eye Movement) in the book explains a sleeping
Drifting away into a deep sleep can we so peaceful, for some though sleep is horrifying. After over 6,000 nights, I understand what it means to not want to fall asleep. My entire life I have suffered from sleep issues. Night terrors were a huge part of my life since I was a newborn to this very day. The doctors diagnosed me with Night terror syndrome as a baby, assuring my parents that I would grow out of them. 17 years later my mom still has to silence my screams while trying to pull me from my false reality. Since I've done this my entire life, running on 5 hours of sleep has become an easy thing to do. The fear of sleep, hypnophobia, is unchangeable–a mind set, but sleep is necessary for human health. I know that I am not alone with this. Many people experience nightmares that cause them to watch their worst fears play out. Psychologists have been interested in
People who suffer from sleep apnea are recommended to obtain a good night of rest every night to feel recharged the next day. Getting a good nights rest is essential in not feeling daytime sleepiness which is a symptom for those who struggle with sleep apnea (Qaseem et al., 2017). There are recommendations for sleep duration for older adults. Getting a full night sleep can be hard for older adults, especially those who have chronic medical conditions. Many older adults use over the counter drugs to help aid with sleep because it becomes more challenging as time progresses. Older adults tend to go to sleep earlier in the night but are usually woke early in the morning, it is recommended that older adults maintain a consistency of 7-8 hours
When we enter stage 2 of sleep our eye movement completely stops. Our brain waves become even slower and we begin to start producing sleep spindles which are patterns of small electrical outbursts in the brain starting in the frontal region of the brain. Stage 2 of sleep takes up to 45% to 50% of our sleep. Stage three is categorized as when delta waves begin to appear in the brain. Delta waves are a cycle of electroencephalographic (a test that detects electrical activity in your brain) activity has a frequency of under four hertz. Stage 3 typically only takes up 4% to 6% of sleep time, but is thought of as the most important stage. Stage 4 is very similar to stage 3 and even sometimes the two stages are combined because of their extreme similarity. It is the deepest part of sleep and is the point where night terrors or sleepwalking may occur. It takes up about 12% to 15% of total sleep time. Finally there is REM sleep. In REM sleep the majority of your muscles become flaccid making your arms and legs paralyzed. There are occasionally bursts of movement in REM but only for a very short time.The only muscles in your body with any movement are the eye muscles, auditory muscles, and the diaphragm for
During REM sleep there has also been found to be a reduction in the activity in the prefrontal cortex; the area of the brain associated with self-awareness. This evidence has then been used to argue that this could be in order to prevent people from realising their dreams aren’t real and why dreams then appear to be real, as well as possibly explaining time distortions that occurs when dreaming (Maquet et al, 1996).
Dreams are series of thoughts, images, and sensations occurring in a person 's mind during sleep. Oneirology is the study of dreams. Dreams happen during REM (Rapid Eye Movement). It can last from 1 minute to 30 minutes. Dreams can be about anything and can range from exciting to terrifying. Non REM is where there are no eye movements during sleep. There’s three stages of Non-REM: Stage 1: Your eyes are closed but you can be woken up from your sleep easily but only lasting 5-10 minutes, Stage 2: The rate of your heart slows, the temperature of your body drops, and you’re ready for an deep sleep, Stage 3: You’re in deep sleep and it’s harder to wake you up and if you did get woken up then you would be confused and/ or in a daze. But during the
When going to sleep the brain causes the muscles to relax throughout the body. However, this can happen while you are still awake. This phenomenon is called sleep paralysis. Sleep paralysis has affected around sixty-five percent of people at least once in their lifetime, but for some it can be much more than that. Sleep paralysis has been used as an explanation for alien abductions, encounters, ghosts, demons, the night hag, and many more strange occurrences or beliefs. It has even inspired artwork such as Le Cauchemar by Eugène Thivier (1894) and Füssli 's The Nightmare (1781). Sleep paralysis has been around for centuries, and probably will not go away anytime soon. It will continue to inspire horror novels and movies for many years to come. Sleep paralysis is misunderstood by people. Throughout history and in many movies and books, it was seen as the work of a supernatural entity, but now, we know that that is not true. There are many things that
Imagine getting out of bed, drinking your daily cup of coffee and going about your day until you realize you are still asleep, and everything happening was unreal. This is called a false awakening, having one every so often is not something to fret about. Although the famous philosopher Bertrand Russell, claimed to have gone through around a hundred false awakenings when awakening from his slumber, which made it hard for him to indicate the difference between a dream or reality. There are many different types of nightmares and countless different ways humans react to them. Nightmares produce very discomforting and disturbing images causing a lack of sleep, high amounts of stress or anxiety and could provoke mental health problems.