Although adolescence and young adulthood are generally healthy times of life, several important public health and social problems either peak or start during these years (Healthy People, 2015). For this discussion, I selected the scenario involving an adolescent Hispanic/Latino boy living in a middle-class suburb. When performing the health history interview of an adolescent many factors must be considered. Practitioner must also keep an open mind and respect patient cultural beliefs and values. “Family, religious beliefs, communication, and health beliefs have been noted in the literature as important cultural influences for Hispanic patients” (Hicks, 2012). Obtaining parental consent prior to a one-on-one assessment with an adolescent
This article discusses five common assumptions on ADHD. In the introduction of the article it states that 5-7% of all school-aged children have ADHD, which makes ADHD the most prevalent childhood psychiatric disorder. The first assumption is that ADHD causes deviant behavior. This assumption is false because ADHD is not a disease that explains why a child behaves a certain way, it is a description of behavior of inattentive and impulsivity. The second assumption is that ADHD is a disease. This is a common assumption for ADHD in children, but ADHD is a man-made classification and does not meet the requirements to be a disease. It is not a disease because a clinician is the one making a diagnosis and there are not any exact causes for ADHD.
Informed consent is the process by which the treating health care provider discloses appropriate information to a competent patient so that the patient may make a voluntary choice to accept or refuse treatment. (Appelbaum, 2007)1 It originates from the legal and ethical right the patient has to direct what happens to her body and from the ethical duty of the physician to involve the patient in her health care. In order for the consent to be valid, the patient must be competent to take the particular decision; have received sufficient information to make a decision; and not be acting under stress.2,3
Faden and Beauchamp discuss two definitions of informed consent, which are labeled sense1 and sense2. First, sense1 informed consent is defined as “autonomous authorization”. (Vaughn, p. 191). The key aspect of sense1 is that the patient has the autonomy to consent, or refuse consent. Faden and Beauchamp state four defining characteristics of sense1 informed consent: complete understanding of the consent, individual desire for the consent, intent to consent, and authorizing consent. (Vaughn, p. 191).
Counselors must be aware of their ethical and legal obligations when providing counseling services, such as those related to crisis prevention and intervention. This knowledge can guide the counselor in making appropriate decisions to best assist the client. The American Counseling Association Code of Ethics (2014) provides counselors with the core principles of autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, justice and fidelity to guide them in decisions making. Furthermore, the following ACA (2014) ethical codes are applicable to crisis counseling:
Informed consent is the agreement of a patient to undergo specific tests, procedures, treatments, and so forth; the disclosure of any risks and/or benefits of the treatment/procedure as well as any possible alternatives and the risks and/or benefits of such alternatives must be discussed by the healthcare professional to
The specified medication involved in treating the disorder involves the application of ADHD stimulants meaning that if the drug is taken as prescribed by the medical doctor, the behavior and attention insignificance will be reduced remarkably. ADHD drugs are commonly abused by people through injection, insufflation, even rectal administration of the pills. Different research conducted has illustrated the illegal use of ADHD medication for their stimulating properties. Research indicates that students using the drug as a stimulant shows a positive increase in performance and cognitive skills (Vester, Brady and Galanter 78). Additionally, college students abusing the drug through using it as a stimulant state believe that the drug revives the body and the brain hence increase the ability to focus academically. Students have also explained that the drug reduces their need for sleep and thus one can stay awake for a long period of
The Health Care Consent Act (HCCA) sets out explicit rules and specifies when consent is required and who can give the consent when the client is incapable of doing so (College of Nurses of Ontario (CNO), 2009). According to the HCCA (1996), there is no minimum age for providing or refusing consent in Ontario. A person is capable if he or she understands the information given that is relevant to making a decision concerning the treatment, and can appreciate the anticipated consequences of both accepting or declining a treatment. (Keatings
Student nurses and nurses spend majority of their time dedicating themselves to patient safety and quality of care. They do patient education, administer medications, perform head to toe assessments, but most importantly, they possess effective communication skills by listening to their patients. This is important because it allows the nurse to understand the concerns of their patients and advocate for their rights. According to the American Nurses Association (ANA), advocacy is when one uses his or her position to protect, support, or speak out for the rights and interests of another.” (Sanford, 2012). The nurse serves as a patient advocate in many situations. Some of these situations include but are not limited to patient rights,
With the type of service that I work for the way that consent is obtained is through communication with the individuals care manager or funder who will complete an individual assessment, gain consent to share information with our service/ staff and will then forward this on to our service. Once we have received the referral with consent we will then arrange a date for a full assessment which will either be a face to face or telephone assessment where we will then discuss with the individual about consent, why we require consent and who information will be shared with. We will also explain that there are different levels of consent such as partial consent, this will be used for information relating to emergencies or to update family members
How can students think that taking prescription drugs used to treat ADHD is fine to do if you do not have a prescription? How is illegally taking prescription drugs “safe” to do? Some students think this, and this essay will explain the dangers of doing this, and what can be done about this issue. Our society has an issue. There are students taking Adderall, a drug that is commonly used to treat ADHD, and they think there is no problem if they take it without having a prescription for it. People are going to the hospital, they are overdosing on these medications. They get it from friends, or steal it, and they can get addicted to it. This should not happen, and something has to be done about it. There is a problem with abusing and misusing ADHD prescription drugs. People who do not have ADHD are taking some of the medications prescribed to people with ADHD. This problem can be solved by having a system for doctors to tell if someone already has a medication from another doctor, only taking medication that is prescribed to you, and noticing any unusual behavior from family members or friends.
Facing struggles of life defines one’s character in life. The ability to confront one’s problems speaks volumes about their strength in character, hopefulness, and flexibility as a person. Through struggles, sacrifice, and tragedy, Junior in The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian, by Sherman Alexie, Junior adapts to survive difficult situations and faces his problems head-on. As he makes radical changes to his life, adapts to unfamiliar culture, and finds himself amongst misery and heartbreak, Junior demonstrates this ability to overcome wicked adversity and struggles.
Informed consent is an important part of patient autonomy. Discuss how you inform your patient about implants and the potential risks / complications associated with implants.
I believe that our patients have many basic rights that must always be provided, and must always be upheld. Our ethical duty as healthcare professionals ensure that we must give our patients these basic rights so we can provide the highest level of care possible. These basic rights include, privacy, respect, and also patients should be given the opportunity to give informed consent, among many other things.
Laws are created with the intent to define what is right or wrong and built off moral beliefs, similar to ethics (Burkhardt & Nathanial, 2008). The law acts to regulate and authorize what is right and wrong in nursing practice.