Patients have a right to privacy and non-interference. The healthcare professionals are obligated to give needed information to patients and relate the risks, and the benefits of a test/treatment. The detail information given will allow the patient to make the best decision on what he/she chooses to do. Hiding information about a diagnosis or not revealing the potential complications because a patient may refuse care seems unethical. Patients have the right to know about their health to make informed decisions.
Ethical decisions are decisions that can sometimes be seen as either right or wrong depending on the situation and the people involved. These decisions are made on a daily basis in the medical field, but the outcome must always be reasonable and thought-out for the situation. One scenario where ethics is necessary is the decision to prescribe different medications for family members and for family friends. This topic has both its benefits and its downfalls; however, how the moral principles intertwine with the convenience of this can cloud the judgement of the prescriber. Inconsistencies in the principle of nonmaleficence and the principle of distributive justice can be seen in different situations such as in Carol Buppert’s “Can I Prescribe
Despite JB expressing his dislike of being placed in seclusion, nursing and medical staff agreed JB’s capacity to make an informed autonomous decision was impaired due to his current mental distress. Roberts (2004) states that the paternalism in mental health is rationalized through the concept that mental illness can inhibit a persons’ competency and ability to act autonomously in the governance of their care and therefore principles of beneficence and non-maleficence must be introduced to ensure that person receives adequate care. Prinsen & van Delden (2009) also argue that coercive measures such as seclusion can be necessary in reclaiming personal autonomy and control. However this paternalistic viewpoint of overruling a patient’s autonomy is arguable especially if a person is deemed incompetent due to their mental illness. Szasz believed mental illness was mythical and the introduction of a diagnosis was merely to label social deviancy from social norms.
It is extremely important that health care professionals practice virtue. Going beyond ones duties could greatly benefit the patient also making the health care provider the patient advocate. It’s important for physicians and other medical personnel to understand their duties in their profession. When they go to extreme measures to ensure the health of a patient is when this obligation is proven. As a patient you may be in a vulnerable state or may lack a clear judgment of your health.
Relationships with Patients: Optometry students should avoid intimate relationships with patients as such relationships could compromise professional judgment or exploit the confidence and trust placed in them by the patient. If such a relationship does inadvertently develop, the professional care of this patient should be transferred to another clinician. 6. Informed Consent: Optometry students have a duty to inform patients or their legal guardian about the patient’s health care and health care options. The process of informed consent requires the optometrist to make a reasonable determination of the patient’s ability to reason and make informed decisions free of external coercion.
The one piece of information I found most significant for me is, the ARNP and patient must negotiate a plan of care. This concept is so important for the sake of trust and compliance. The need for negotiations can be due to factors that can affect a patients’ compliance which can range from cost, timing, ethnicity and culture, language, and a whole host of other barriers. Patients need to understand why this medication is being prescribed and the education you are providing them will gain their buy in. For example, if a medication is too costly, or the side effects are unacceptable to them, the ARNP needs to find an alternative treatment that fits their budget and has acceptable outcomes.
This has many advantages with very few disadvantages. I am going to outline the various advantages in a detailed manor, but before this the minute amount of disadvantages should be addressed. The main disadvantages would be human error, for example the drugs may be left behind when the patient leaves or misplaced. Another would be that some drugs can be kept by the hospital and it can accumulate waste. Advantages Familiarity People fear change, so if the patient has their own medication, it can reduce anxiety confusion for the individual.
Often times, a patient wants a doctor or nurse that maintains professionalism, but also shows compassion and empathy (Cohn, 2010). A doctor or nurse must carry out their duty to provide the best care possible and make sure their patient feels as though they are a part of the care plan. However, it is also important to maintain empathetic when a patient is having a hard time dealing with a diagnosis. A great way to balance these two, is to be empathetic for the patient’s circumstance, but to also not be too affected emotionally. It is alright to sometimes be emotional with patients, but the patient should not have to feel like they have to support their doctor or nurse.