Informed Consent Ethics

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The principle of informed consent come about in the late 1940s when physicians faced prosecution in the Nuremberg’s trials. Informed consent is a process that protects human beings by requiring doctors to obtain consent from patients before performing a procedure. Participants must fully understand the procedures, benefits, and risks before getting involved. The ethical problems include:
1. Communication barriers between participants (patients) and researchers (healthcare professionals) can create misunderstandings and prevent participants from making fully autonomous decisions. The main objective of informed consent is to respect and promote participants’ autonomy (respect for person) and to protect them from potential harm (beneficence);
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Role confusion on the part of the participants/patients. Clear language and boundaries must be defined;
4. Lack of trust from the patient. The healthcare team/researchers must create rapport to enhance trust. Informed consent decision should uphold the principles of maximizing benefits and minimizing possible harm to the participants/patients by boosting the ethics of beneficence and nonmaleficence. Doctors need to tell patients the benefits and risks of procedures. The authors express that clinical and research roles in patient care are inseparable (Judkins-Cohn, Kielwasser-Withrow, Owen, & Ward, 2014). The nursing process is evidenced based and governed by the American Nurses Association code of ethics that include advocacy, compassion, respect for dignity/beliefs, protection of health, safety, and patient
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The individual can make their choices autonomously. This is indirectly stating that no human should have authority or power over another person, though few human acts are ever fully free and without the influence of some factors (Baillie, McGeehan, Garrett, Garrett, 2013, p. 42). Informed consent implies that no one should be treated without a signed informed consent document either from the patient or the surrogate except for a very critical emergency when the patient is not mentally fit to consent, and the family members are unknown. Unwanted touches are ethically not acceptable because this can be counted for battery and assault. Patients have a right to privacy and non-interference. The healthcare professionals are obligated to give needed information to patients and relate the risks, and the benefits of a test/treatment. The detail information given will allow the patient to make the best decision on what he/she chooses to do. Hiding information about a diagnosis or not revealing the potential complications because a patient may refuse care seems unethical. Patients have the right to know about their health to make informed decisions. The video on bioethics repeatedly talked about the oaths taking by the healthcare professionals; I think that these oaths should obligate professionals to fully inform their patients and act in their best interests. Professionals
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