Informed Consent Literature Review

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literature review Informed consent is an ethical and legal obligation for the physicians to communicate to the patient and results in the patient’s agreement to undergo a medical procedure. It is taken as a safety tool for both patient and the surgical team and Informed consent originated from legal and ethical principles(10); this is done by improving patients’ knowledge and perception about informed consent process that enables the patient to decide on their surgical procedure freely and intentionally without enforcement .in Ethiopia according to guidelines developed in Addis Ababa in April, 2016 of Medical Ethics for doctors in Ethiopia under article 26 states that “It is the duty of the doctor to inform the patient about the treatment…show more content…
Recent study in Rwanda about surgical informed consent in 2017 states that Forty-eight percent of the patients did not perceive informed consent as formal document. However, 52(35.4%) took it as formal and 24(16.3%) did not know(15). Studies on the relationship between perceptions and knowledge regarding informed consent of surgical procedures The study conducted in Nigeria on knowledge and perception towards informed consent in obstetric patients showed that the patients had a positive attitude and know the informed consent as they are aware of it at 97.5% and stated that the patient understanding during informed consent process is highly related to the patient knowledge, religious beliefs and sociocultural factors as educated one are conscious of their rights and need to know what is being done on their…show more content…
According to the level of education, Looking at the values the level of understanding is not different between those who had a primary level of education and those who did not had formal education but it was significantly better in those who had higher education(8). Study by Vucemilo L et al in Croatia reports men and younger subjects received a higher level of information(more knowledgeable) than women and older subjects(16). A systemic review about informed consent in middle east African countries reported that female and male perceived informed consent differently as females thought that it is an information disclosure process and males believes that it enables patient self-decision making(4) A study conducted in Nigeria revealed that educated patients are aware of their rights and are more likely to understand information provided i.e. more knowledgeable in surgical informed consent process than uneducated patients(5). While study by Ryckman et al in 2014 stated that many patients do not fully understand their health diagnosis, treatment and possible risks because of limited knowledge, personal stress and cultural
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