Initiative Vs Guilt-Age 3 Stage Analysis

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this stage discovers that he or she has many skills and abilities like putting on shoes and clothes and playing with toys and such skills illustrate the child’s growing sense of independence and autonomy. Erickson therefore states that it is important for parents to allow the children to discover the limits of their abilities and also encourage them by giving them an environment which is tolerant of failure. If parents encourage and support their child’s increased independence, the child becomes more confident and secure in their own ability to survive in the world. But if the children are criticized, overly controlled and not given the chance to assert themselves, they start to feel inadequate in their ability to survive. They may therefore become overly dependent upon others, feel a sense of shame or doubt in their own abilities and lack self esteem. McLeod, S. A. (2013) Initiative Vs Guilt-Age 3 During this stage, the children discover sex differences and start learning sex roles. Curiosity is high during this stage. During this stage according…show more content…
They also learn to carry out individual and group roles. Teachers take up a very important role in the child’s life as they teach the child specific skills. During this stage, the child’s peer group will have greater significance and becomes a great source of the child’s self esteem. The child feels that he/ she needs to win her peers approval by showing them certain skills or competences and begin to develop a sense of pride in their competences. When we encourage them for their initiative, the children begin to feel industrious and therefore feel confident in their ability to achieve their goals but if the child’s initiative is not encouraged, or if the parents or the teacher restrict it, the child begins to feel inferior and doubts his own abilities and may therefore not reach their potential. McLeod, S. A.
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