Linda Brown, a black child, lived only seven blocks from an all-white elementary school and when her father tried to enroll her he was turned away, so he went to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People who agreed to help. The United States Supreme Court reached a unanimous 9-0 decision stating that “separate but equal facilities are inherently unequal and violate the protections of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment”. (Tushnet,
Case Analysis: Plessy v. Ferguson Citation: Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896) Argued: April 18, 1896 Date Decided: May 18, 1896 Vote: 7-1: This decision was in favor of Ferguson. The court ruled that segregation alone does not necessarily establish discrimination that goes against the law. Equal, however separate adjustments for blacks and whites as expressed by the state of Louisiana, does not go against the equal protection clause as founded in the Fourteenth Amendment (Plessy v. Ferguson 1896). Facts of Case: Homer Plessy, who was part white and part black took a seat in a whites only railway car. At this this time, Louisiana had enforced a law that forced separate railway cars for blacks and whites.
Among these instances, many of them are about the public policy issues and minority civic and electoral participation (Shaw et. al., 2015). One great example of two-tiered pluralism regarding the public policy issues of racial and ethnic minorities in the US history is the doctrine of separate but equal from the Plessy v. Ferguson case. In 1896, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Plessy v. Ferguson that state laws requiring “separate but equal” accommodations for African Americans were a “reasonable use” of state government power. In other words, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that “separate but equal” facilities did not violate the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment.
Board of Education case a parent of a black child named Oliver Brown went to the government in concern that the 14th Amendment, made from the Plessy v. Ferguson case, stated that the race separation should be "Separate but equal". But Oliver Brown believed that this law was not being followed. The white public schools were much different than the black public schools. The white schools were much cleaner, nicer, had better education, more teachers, etc. But the black schools had nothing even close to those opportunities in their school.
This argument proved correct, and desegregation efforts shifted to the constitutionality of laws. Therefore, in 1954, the Supreme Court held in Brown v. Board of Education that state-imposed racial segregation in public institutions violated the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution. While Brown has come to be regarded as a civil rights milestone, the court’s actions also had negative effects on the black people it intended to help.
The case was clearly described how an African American is unable to enter a segregated school because of their race. Also, the case argued to integrate public schools. Since the court agreed that segregating students was unconstitutional under the Fourteenth Amendment, they voted in the student’s favor. ( Brown v. Education: Case Brief Summary ) Therefore, states were
Such education is not available to him in a separate law school as offered by the State. We cannot, therefore agree with respondents that the doctrine of Plessy v. Ferguson, requires affirmance of the judgment below. Nor need we reach petitioner’s contention that Plessy v. Ferguson should be reexamined in the light of contemporary knowledge respecting the purposes of the Fourteenth Amendment and the effects of racial segregation. We hold that the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment requires that petitioner be admitted to the University of Texas Law School. The judgment is reversed and the cause is remanded for proceedings nit inconsistent with this opinion (FindLaw's United States Supreme Court case and opinions.
What make the Justice felt that they were justified in ruling the way they did? It is because they have right to do it and they have some reason shows if both race cannot be in the same place because there will be a problem if they become in the same area so then the supreme court want to make a peace between both race than they separate them like in transportation, while actually the government give same facility for both race since the white race usually have more money than black race than they seems like get more good facilities than black race and it dose not mean the white race can discriminate the black race. At the end the Plessy v. Ferguson make the segregation are legal because of the wrong doctrine that made by the sentence “Separate but
THE SCOTTSBORO TRIALS There were nine African American teenagers aboard a freight train during March of 1931 in Jackson County, Alabama (Alex 1). All nine of the teenagers were accused of raping two white women and were convicted by a white jury (1). All of the teenagers except the youngest were sentenced to death (1). This case sparked controversy that continues
This decision overruled the Plessy vs. Ferguson case which concluded that separatebut equal in the case of schools was constitutional. The Plessy vs. Ferguson case resulted in the Jim Crow laws which were a set of rules based on discrimination and segregation of AfricanAmericans in American society. The results of the trial and laws created an uproar in AfricanAmerican society pushing them to start a movement. After the success of the Brown vs. Board ofEducation case, the movement received a burst of hope in knowing that what they were doingwas obtainable.Another imperative event pertaining to the events of the Civil Rights Movement was theMontgomery Bus Boycotts. The protests all began when a woman by