The Scottsboro Case: A landmark Case and Its Impact on Capital Punishment Cases America in the 1930s was a time of change. Racism was now being defended for in the court of law. One of the most remembered cases in 1931 occured on the railways, nine black men were falsely accused of raping two women riding the train. Why would nine black get the blame for the so-called “rape?” The Scottsboro Case was a landmark case in the state of Alabama that raised tensions about the issue of capital punishment.
Brown v. Board of Education was the start of contemplation of segregation in schools. Oliver Brown wanted his daughter to go to school by where they lived, but she was not allowed to because she was of African American docent. Each state during this time period stated that whites would be separate to African Americans . Brown argued that this broke the 14th amendment (Equal Rights), but was overruled in court when the jury decided as long as students learned the same thing and classroom settings were equal than no laws were broken. This court case in comparison to the Greensboro sit-in was not mainly on the concept of segregation in schools, but
On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, on a bus, Rosa Parks said “no”. Parks was arrested because she refused to vacate her seat in the white section on the bus. Just like Parks, many blacks were arrested and even killed in response to civil rights. There were many bombings too. On October 12, 1958, fifty sticks of dynamite exploded in a church.
The Court declined his argument. The Court determined that the segregated schools were considerably equal enough under the Plessy doctrine. It wasn 't until the mid twentieth century when Brown v Board of Education came into play that Plessy’s argument was given the okay by the constitution. The Court tried to use Plessy v. Ferguson to deny the argument that Oliver Brown was giving during the Brown v. Board of Education case. Once the Courts decided that separating children by race could have an overall affect on the black children 's ability to learn.
The Supreme Court case, Brown vs. Board of Education 349 U.S 294, dealt with the segregation of black children into “separate but equal schools.” The Brown vs. Board of Education was not the first case that dealt with the separating of the whites and blacks in schools. This case was actually made up of five separate cases heard in the United States Supreme court concerning the issue of segregation in public schools. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Briggs v. Elliot, Davis v. Board of Education of Prince Edward County (VA.), Boiling v. Sharpe, and Gebhart v. Ethel were the five cases that made up the Brown case. Thurgood, Marshall, and the National Association for the Advance of Colored People (NCAAP) handled these cases.
Injustice The Scottsboro Case shed light on the racial practices expressed in law that made a great impact on the legal system today. The actual victims of the Case did not receive a fair trial due to the color of their skin. The ones who played the victims planned the crime, and their stories made no sense. But like many of the trials during the time it wasn’t based on the actual evidence that was found,or even the defendants ' stories.
A historic case in the U.S. supreme court was called the Brown vs. the Board of Education. Getting a good education is essential and we can see diverse population of students from different nationality in the classroom. However, this wasn’t always the case in the United States. Up until 1954, classrooms were very different than they are today—not allowing African American students to attend schools with white students. This was allowed because of the previous court case of 1896 of Plessy vs. Ferguson.
The Civil Right movement was a broad and diverse effort to attain racial equality, compelled to the nation to live up to its ideal that all are created equal. The movement demonstrated that ordinary men and women could perform extraordinary acts of courage and sacrifice to achieve social justice. The event of Brown v. Board of Education and advocates such as Thurgood Marshall and Rosa Parks greatly impacted the United States. Thurgood Marshall applied to the university of Maryland Law school, however he was turned down because he was and African American. Therefore he decided to go to Howard’s University an all black historical school.
Brown v. Board of Education During the 1950’s, aspects of slavery and discrimination were still prevalent in the United States, even after the 13th amendment was passed in 1865, which abolished slavery. African Americans were separated from the whites and forced into worse facilities under the justification of “separate, but equal.” This is the time period and world that Linda Brown, an eight year old African American girl, had to endure. The United States had old policies and old rules that were still in place and it was only a matter of time until someone took a stand.
Ferguson case violated this amendment. One of the key phrases, delivered by Chief Justice Earl Warren, states, “We conclude that, in the field of public education, the doctrine of “separate but equal” has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal” (Brown v. Board of Education 1). Brown v. Board of Education and the annulment of Plessy v. Ferguson inspired African Americans and gave the push to start the Civil Rights Movement and fight for what is right.
These cases include Briggs v. Elliot, Brown v. Board of Education, Bulah v. Country School Board of Prince Edward County, and Bolling v. Sharpe. These cases were brought from the jurisdictions of Virginia, Washington D.C., Delaware, South Carolina, and Kansas. No matter where the cases came from, the main point was they were all against the segregation in the public schools. The foundation for these cases was built from the National Association for the Advancement of Color People (NAACP) who consistently worked towards ending racial discrimination. Unfortunately these five court cases all ended in a loss.
Brown v. Board of Education The Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court case was a very important case for Americans. This case was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional. The U.S. Supreme Court's decision in this court case changed majorly the history of race relations in the United States. On May 17, 1954, the Court got rid of constitutional sanctions for segregation by race, and made equal all education opportunities as the law of the land.
5 Brown v. Board of Education There were many arguments both for and against school segregation. One was the claim that educational decisions were to be left to the state and local courts, and not to be decided by the Supreme Court. Another was that students should be taught where they are most comfortable learning. It was thought that white children were more comfortable learning with white children and the same goes for African-American children. Also, students must be given and equal learning environment, not the same school.
During the mid nineteen thirties there was ample prejudice from whites towards African Americans. This prejudice was greatly depicted in one particular case of nine young black men. The Scottsboro Boys were labeled as outcasts and faced a considerable amount of prejudice during their trials for a crime they had not committed; although some of the nine Boys were exonerated during the trials, the last of the Scottsboro Boys were not redeemed until decades later. On March 25, 1931, during the height of the Great Depression, a group of nine black boys, later known as the Scottsboro Boys, was traveling on a train towards Memphis, Tennessee, in search of work.
Since the late 1950s, when the case for African American rights to receive the same education as their graduates began and ended, or so we thought. Schools today still remain widely segregated throughout the U.S. nation. In 1954 in Topeka, Kansas, the supreme court began to review many cases dealing with segregation in public education. Oliver Brown was one who went against the supreme court for not only his daughter, but for many other African American children to receive equal education in the ray of society. The Brown v. Board of Education case marked the end of racial discrimination in public schools which impacted African Americans to get an equal education in the American society.