Gary Nash stated that one of the reason that led to urban protest and extralegal activities was the poor living conditions and poor distribution of resources. He stated that a good number of urban population were willing to participate in attacks due to narrow concentration of wealth and power. Hence economics and material initiated
Many of them have argued that mobility, poverty, and heterogeneity undermine neighborhood connections and social links, which majorly contributes to the breakdown of informal social control resulting in the increase of crime rates inside society. The presence of informal social control can help to contain crime to some extent, but the absence of it results in the negative. Criminologists suggest that factors related to economic backgrounds have a key role to play in this matter. Studies have been conducted on several families in accordance with economic standards. The results shows very clearly that people belonging to poor economic backgrounds often lose their faith in the structure of the social system, and then they tend to involve in criminal activities for either having a good life in future days (only in the sense of good economic status) or to express their anger on the system by being an outlaw.
In both Addams and Riis’s reading they each discuss poor immigrant neighborhood, were many lived in unsanitary and overcrowded homes or had exploitive and unfair working conditions. Adams and Riis both try to better this condition for those poor immigrant arrivals to the country in urban cities. Riis’s theory describes the impact of health and the development of character because of poor housing condition that affected people health and way of acting. Riis’s theory supports McCoy article on “Freddie Gray’s Life: A Study in the Sad Effect of Lead Point on Poor Blacks” because Riis discusses that poor housing condition specially if it causes an effect on the person it can either be mentally or physically it can influence the person actions.
This is known as structural inequality, which can be described as, institutions are developed and organized in such a way it stagnates an individual from achieving their greatest achievements. According to Krist-Ashman (2014) Structural inequality consists of three dimensions from a political perspective, it oversees individuals and organizes how institutions are set up, they also have control over the community. The second being geographical organization in the Soundview neighborhood, the geographical location is overcrowded and unorganized. The third is power structure, it can be theorized that politicians were indeed able to construct so many low income housing to help low income individuals living in poverty, but did not think to develop increasing amounts of healthcare, educational facilities and social organizations that would enhance the lives of members occupying the low income developments. This conceptualization can be linked to the structural inequalities of the
In addition, he photographed various pictures of the life of the poor to make readers feel pity for the poor. With exposing the problems of the poor with photographs and solutions it can help change the lifestyles of the poor in New York City and the slums in different states. Problems of the Slum Life The pervasive problems of slum life are the living condition and the corruption of the tenements that increase in deaths, arrests, and drinking. The majority of the time, Jacob Riis focus on the tenements and how it causes problems for the poor. Jacob Riis listed out the problems of the tenements.
The beliefs it focus on were the Individualistic and Structuralist views. Individualistic beliefs emphasize the importance of negative personal traits such as laziness and simplemindedness as the main factors that lead to poverty. On the other hand, structuralist beliefs emphasize that the poor are “trapped” in poverty as their condition is the result of factors that they cannot control, such as social background or discrimination. Similar beliefs have been found in the case of Hispanics, although their increasing assimilation with whites has determined an increase in their tendency to explain inequality as the result of lack of motivation, or to take the individualistic approach. Simultaneously a decline has occurred in their ability to associate inequality with discrimination.
Conclusion Gathering up on Mills insights of the sociological imagination, pointing out that South Africans typically think that social problems such as poverty, crime and unemployment branch from personal failings of the people experiencing or performing these problems, not from structural problems in the broader society. Using Mills terms, South Africans have a tendency to think of social problems as personal troubles rather than public issues. From a personal point of view, I have heard many groups of people blame the system for these kinds of injustices. However I believe that a majority group blame the victim of these social injustices, because it is sometimes easier to look down on them and not look at them apathetically. Perhaps putting the blame on a physical body is easier to understand than putting the blame on a larger system that small groups of people could never
Sugeny Genao Writing Assignment 3 SOCI 321 February 18, 2018 Why are some successful? Why do some commit crimes? Society has general laws, offenders who break those laws are known as being deviants. Society views robbery, assault, and murder, as deviant acts. Cultural Deviance Theory is a, “branch of social structure theory that sees strain and social disorganization together resulting in a unique lower-class culture that conflicts with conventional social norms” (Siegel, 2018, P. 581).
They can be divided into 3 distinct groups: individual circumstances, structural factors and systems failures. The first group may include personal features, family situations and the institutional background of the person. The second group can be formed by social and economic causes such as unemployment, poverty and governmental housing policies. The third and final group consist of the inattention to the people with different problems, a lack of support for immigrants and the allowance of payments (Shelter, 2007) Individual circumstances vary from person to person, his or her family and the general condition of lives of individuals. The most frequent cause of homelessness is due to relationship breakdowns (Ravenhill, 2000).It is often influenced by a plethora of problems: family arguments or the loss of a relative.